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§Magnetism§ | Magnetosphere | §MATH§ | Mechanics | §MEDICINE§ | MicroElectroMechanical Systems
Mnemonics | §Mnemonics @EDUCATION§ | Modeling (Education) | Moment of Inertia | Music | Mutual Synchronization
§NANOSCIENCE§ | News | §NEWS§ | Neutrinos | Newtonian Dynamics | Noise | Nuclear
Open Education | Oscillations | Optics | §Optics§
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Physical Quantities | Plasma Physics | Popularizers | Portraits | Problem Solving
Quantum Gravity | Quantum Physics
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Spectroscopy | Sports | Springs | §STANDARDS§ | §Static Electricity§ | Statistical Mechanics | Strings
Student Projects | §Superconductors§ | Superluminal | Supplies | Surfaces
§Tensors§ | Theoretical Physics | §Thermodynamics & Heat Transfer§ | Time | §TIME§ | TV | TUTORIALS | Twistor Theory
Unified Field Theory | Units | Unsolved Problems
Vacuum | §Vectors§ | Varying Speed of Light | Vibration | Video Analysis | VIDEOS | Viscosity | §VISION§
Waves | §Weather§ | Zero Point Field
(Click above to jump to Listings on this page or to an § ALTERNATE ELA DIRECTORY§)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
^ PHYSICS


ACTION, PRINCIPLE OF LEAST ACTION, MORSE THEORY

Wikipedia: Action
Calculus of variations
Functional (mathematics) returns a scalar from a vector argument
Planck constant the quantum of action
Principle of least action


^ PHYSICS
ALTERNATIVE THEORIES

TheFinalTheory.com, Mark McCutcheon
Discussing "The Final Theory" with Mark McCutcheon by David Ruske

Universal Vortical Singularity

^ PHYSICS
ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
also see.. Computational Physics, Demonstrations §Learning Games§

3D World Simulation & 3D PhysicsUse It! Java applets with source: dynamics, kinematics, Links, physics, programing, theory & Tutorial from Martin John Baker
Programmers Guide & Code

Acoustics and Vibration AnimationsUse It! by Daniel A. Russell, Kettering U
• Basic Wave Phenomena
    º Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms
    º Fourier Series and Waves
    º Reflection of Waves from Boundaries
    º Refraction of Sound Waves
    º Superposition of Waves
    º What is a Wave?
    º Wave Motion in Time and Space
• Room Acoustics
    º Driving room modes & source location
    º Reverberation Times in a small room
• Sound Waves and Radiation from Sources
    º The Baffled Piston approximation of a loudspeaker
    º Longitudinal and Transverse Waves
    º Sound field radiated by a Tuning Fork
    º Sound Fields Radiated by Simple Sources
    º Sound Radiation from Cylindrical Radiators

ActivPhysicsOnline from Pearson Education (pearsoned.com)

Adrian Boeing's E-Gap (AdrianBoeing.com): Physics Abstraction Layer (PAL) unified interface to different physics engines enabling multiple physics engines within one application

A. John Mallinckrodt Professor of Physics, Cal Poly Pomona
Interactive Physics Simulations using Interactive Physics software

The Applet Collection & Applet List directory from LearningOnline Network with CAPA, Michigan State U

Applets by Daniel Roth freeware, simulate/illustrate physics problems

ASPIRE Lab (Astrophysics Science Project Integrating Research and Education) interactive science education, Lessons
Cosmic Zoom powers of ten
Earth's Atmosphere
Scientific Method Lab
Shoot the Stars the doppler effect
Star Life Cycle
Tides & Gravity Labs
Wave Basics

Boston U, Physics Lecture Demonstrations
• Physlet Demonstrations: Semesters 1 & 2

Brynmawr U, Serendip supporting intellectual & social change in science, education& social organization: Interactive Physics LinksUse It!
Mechanics

CalTech: LRC Circuit Lab Applet

C.K. Ng Learn Physics Using Java simulations

Clark U, Statistical and Thermal Physics (STP) Curriculum Development Project undergraduate curriculum materials: computational projects, conceptual learning & labs
Java Simulations for Statistical and Thermal Physics

comPADRE Physics & Astronomy Education Communities, Physical Sciences Resource Center (PRSC), Flash Animations for Physics by David Harrison

Davidson College, Web Physics: Physlets
Download Page see Conditions of non-profit, educational Use then click on the JAR FILES Link in the left column
The Physlet Resource material to supplement and extend the Physlets book
Physlet Tutorial

Dr. Richard Vawter, Western Washington U, Physics & Astronomy
Learning Physics on the Web
    º Example Problems
    º Interactive Simulations
    º Physics Topics
    º Quick Time Movie Demonstrations
    º Solving Physics Problems
Simulations List using Interactive Physics software

Fowler's Physics Applets & Physics Flashlets from Galileo and Einstein by Michael Fowler, U Virginia
General Physics Java Applets & CD ($) by B.Surendranath Reddy

Glenbrook South High School, Physics ( About ) The Physics Classroom TutorialsUse It! with Multimedia Physics Studio Animations
1-Dimensional Kinematics
Newton's Laws
Vectors and Projectiles
Momentum and Collisions
Work and Energy
Circular, Satellite, and Rotational Motion
Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity
Static Electricity
Waves, Sound and Light
Ray Optics
QuickTime Movies

Kansas State U, Visual Quantum Mechanics project, explorations of the quantum world for non-science students
Simulations

Harvard Natural Sciences Lecture DemonstrationsUse It!
• Simulations
    º Electricity and Magnetism
    º Oscillation
    º Wave Phenomena
• Videos
    º Newtonian Mechanics
    º Oscillations and Waves
    º Light and Optics

Johns Hopkins U, Signals Systems Control Demonstrations by Wilson J. Rugh
Fourier Series Approximation, Listen to Fourier Series

Leonardo: Interactive Virtual Science Museum, Topic Listing

Merlot.org Flash Animation for PhysicsUse It! Animation Links

Michigan State U: Demonstrations of Basic Physics Principles by Bauer, Benenson, Kortemeyer, & Westfall
Air Track 1-D collsions
Atwood Machine
Net Force three forces add like vectors
Newton'S Balls Conservation of Momentum

Molecular Expressions: Electricity and Magnetism
Batteries
Introduction to Capacitance: Charging and Discharging
Inductance: Faraday's 1st Experiment, 2nd Experiment
Transformer

Molecular Expressions, Light and Color: Primary Colors
Color Filters
Color Separation
• Primary Additive Colors, Subtractive Colors

Molecular Expression, Light and Color
Mirrors Basic Properties of
    º Concave Spherical Mirrors, 3-D
    º Convex Spherical Mirrors, 3-D
Reflection of Light
    º Antireflection Surface Coatings
    º Common Reflecting Prisms
    º The Critical Angle of Reflection!
    º Reflection of Light
    º Reflection and Refraction with Huygens Wavelets!
    º Right-Angle Prisms
    º Specular and Diffuse Reflection
    º Transmission and Reflection by Beamsplitters

Molecular Expressions: Light and Color
Primary Colors

Molecular Expression, Light and Color: Refraction of Light
Beam Steering by Wedge Prisms
The Critical Angle of Reflection
Observing Objects in Water
Refraction by an Equilateral Prism
Refraction of Monochromatic Light

MyPhysicsLab.comUse It! simulations & equations

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory: Mag Lab U: Learning about Electricity and Magnetism
Interactive Java Tutorials
    º DC Motor
    º EMF in Inductors
    º Ignition Coil

NTNU Virtual Physics LaboratoryUse It! Java Simulations in Physics
Thin Lens (converging/diverging lens/mirrors)
Dynamics
Electromagnetics
Kinematics
    º Simple Harmonic Motion and Uniform Circular Motion
Miscellaneous
Optics
    º Thin Lens (converging/diverging lens/mirrors)
Physlet BuilderUse It! (Create your own simulation)
Thermodynamics
Vector Addition
Wave

Oklahoma State U, Chemistry Courses, 1314, QuicTime Video Lectures
Ideal Gas LawUse It!

OpenSimulator.org 3D open source application server, create a virtual environment (world) out of the box
Paul Falstad (ads) Math and Physics Applets with SOURCE CODE & Links

Phy is PhunUse It! learn physics using Java
Electromagnetism & Electronics
Light & Wave
Mechanics

Physics-Animations.com

Physics Applets from U Oregon, Physics, Links
• Astrophysics
• Energy & Environment
• Mechanics
• Tools

Physics Lab Online by Catharine H. Colwell, curriculum integrated with the classroom management system LearningXchange, Search, Table of Contents
Ap Review Sessions equations
Compilations Questions, quizes, problems & physlets
Curriculum Guide, Curriculum (1st edition), History of Physics Lab Online program
• Introduction: Directions, how to use PhysicsLab
Physlets
    º Additive Colors
    º Bouncing Ball elastic collisions with gravity, equal angles of incidence & reflection
    º
    º Doppler Effect Laser
    º Lenses: Converging, Diverging
    º Mirrors: Diverging
    º Single Slit Diffraction
    º Young's Double Slit Interference
Resource Lessons

Physics Simulations Links to Java and Shockwave simulations: Mississippi State U

Physlets by Kevork Spartalian, U Vermont

Socratic ElectronicsUse It! by Tony R. Kuphaldt: Topical worksheets pick & choose questions to meet teaching needs, for anmationssee Circuit animations for animated gif's
• Bridge rectifier circuit with: ideal diodes, real diodes
Electromagnetic induction
Thevenin's theorem

TIPTOP: The Virtual Laboratory & Java Applets Portal from the Fast Neutron Research Facility (FNRF)

U British Columbia, Computer Science, Kees van den Doel
Real-time audio synthesis using JASSUse It! with source code
    º CombustionEngine demo!
    º Creaking
    º Grains
    º ModalNoise demo, ModalNoise2 demo!
    º Morph between 2 sound models
    º PlayWav A “Hello World” program using a number of loops of the same recording
    º Real-time synthesis of a morphable church bell
    º Reverb!
    º Simple Karplus-Strong like string
    º Simplest possible non-trivial program: a sawtooth generator
    º Sound Masking demo
    º Sound Simulation design instrument & render sounds under hitting, plucking, scraping...

U Colorado, Boulder: PhETUse It! Physics Interactive Technology, Interactive Simulations: Physics
Three ways to Run Simulations
    º Download Your Choice of Simulations
    º Offline Installer - Full Install Note Windows installer includes Java install, Help & Troubleshooting
    º Web Access
Conductivity
• Doppler Effect: Source, Observer
Electric Field of Dreams
Faraday's Electromagnetic Lab
Masses & Springs
Pendulum Lab
Wave on a String

U Colorado, Boulder, Physics, Physics 2000
PhET Physics Interactive Technology, Interactive Simulations
Physics Learning Laboratories
Teacher Ideas & Activities

U Colorado, Boulder, Physics, Physics 2000Use It! ( Applets ) interactive journey through modern physics
Physics Learning Laboratories

U Florida, Physics (zip): PHY2054
• Lenses: Converging, Diverging
• Mirrors: Concave, Convex, Planer

U Guelph, Department of Physics, Tutorials

U Oregon: Virtual Laboratory physics applets, by Greg Bothun
Cannon
Gravity
Inclined Planes & Friction
Kepler's Third Law
Kinetic Energy
Momentum
Potential Energy
• Tools: Graphing Applet, Graphics Spreadsheet

U Salford, Acoustics, Audio and Video, Science & Physics Resources: Sounds AmazingUse It! video & animations learning resource for AS and A Level physics
Wavetypes

U Toronto, UPSCALE: Flash Animations for PhysicsUse It! under Creative Commons License non-commercial share, remix, attribute
Classical Mechanics
    º Coupled Harmonic Oscillators
    º Curling
    º Foucault Pendulum
    º Galilean Relativity
    º The Monkey and the Hunter
    º Racing Balls
    º Vertical Circular Motion
• Math
    º Area of a Circle
    º Derivative of the Sine
    º Integrals
    º Vectors: Add 2, Subtract 2, Cross Product
• Quantum
    º Bell's Theorem Mermin's entangled pairs
• Sound Waves
    º Pressure and Displacement Waves
    º Tuning Fork
• Waves
    º Reflections from 1 Barrier
    º 2 Barriers
    º Standing Waves With a Node on Both Ends
    º One End

Vibration and Waves AnimationsUse It! Dan Russell, Kettering U, Flint, MI

The Virtual Laboratory: TIPTOP directory of physics Java Applets
Walter-Fendt, Denmark
Java Applets on Physics
• Electrodynamics
    º; Electromagnetic Oscillating Circuit
    º Electromagnetic Wave
• Mechanics
    º Elastic and Inelastic Collision
    º Inclined Plane
    º Kepler's First Law & Second Law
    º Newton's Cradle
    º Pendulums: Coupled, Simple, Spring
    º Projectile Motion
    º Uniform Circular Motion
• Optics
    º Diffraction of Light by a Single Slit, Interference of Light at a Double SlitUse It!
    º Image Formation by Converging Lenses
    º Reflection and Refraction of Light Waves explanation by Huygens' Principle
    º Refracting Astronomical Telescope
    º Refraction of Light
• Oscillations & Waves
    º Beats
    º Doppler Effect example
    º Forced Oscillations (Resonance)
    º Standing Wave explanation by superposition of the reflected wave
    º Standing Longitudinal Waves
• Thermodynamics: Special Processes of an Ideal Gas isobaric, isochoric, isothermal

Web Physics with Physlets, science education applets, downloads, source, tutorial: Davidson College

Wikipedia
Category:Computer physics engines
Category:Video game hardware
Collision detection
Computational physics
Dynamical simulation
Havok (software)
Newton Game Dynamics free, but closed source physics engine
OPAL (software) Open Physics Abstraction Layer, Free open source realtime physics engine API similar to PAL supported only by ODE
Open Dynamics Engine rigid body dynamics simulation and collision detection physics engine
OpenSimulator (non-programmers access) open source server platform for hosting virtual worlds
Physics Abstraction Layer (PAL) Free open source simple cross-platform physical simulation C++ API, similar to a physics engine wrapper, but flexible extended capabilities
    º dynamic simulation methodologies, including rigid body, liquids, soft body, ragdoll & vehicle dynamics
Physics engine
Physics processing unit
Player Project (non-programmer access) Free open source software for research into robotics & sensor systems
Ragdoll physics
Webots (non-programmers access) professional & educational robot simulator using the using the Open Dynamics Engine (ODE)
Wild Pockets (non-programmers access) free web-based Game Engine using Lua scripting language to access underlying C++

Wiley Interscience: Halliday
Simulations Library


^ PHYSICS
AP PHYSICS
also see.. Education

5 Steps to a 5 AP Physics B and C, 2nd Edn 2008-9 by Greg Jacobs & Joshua Schulman @ Barnes & Noble

AP Physics B by Dolores Gende
AP Home Pages, Links
Demos
Homework Services
Interactive Problem Solving
Lab Format
Labs
    º Error Analysis in Experimental Physical ScienceUse It!
Labs, Open Ended
    º Ideas over forty
Simulations
Syllabus Development & Course DescriptionUse It! for Audit
    º Annotated Sample Syllabi: 1, 2, 3, 4
    º Course Description
    º Syllabus Development Guide
    º Syllabus Self-Evaluation Checklist
Teaching Resources
Tutorials Links

AP Physics with Mr Burns, Los Gatos High School
The Physics of Road Runner clips from Warner Brothers Road Runner & Coyote cartoons for physics teachers
Review Links
Solutions to E&P Problems

Archive.org: Open Educational Resources
Advanced Placement (AP) Courses from the Monterey Institute for Technology and Education
    º Advanced Placement Physics B
    º Advanced Placement Physics C

Arizona State U, Modeling Instruction ProgramUse It! Links
Action Research, Resources, Equipment for the Modeling Classroom (pdf's)
Advanced Placement Physics and Chemistry Resources
AP Syllabi Index
Mechanics curriculum Index
    º 1-Sci Thinking: Unit I Reading - Graphical Methods, Significant Figures

The Book of PhyzUse It! by Dean Baird, AP Physics guides, jobs, labs, demos, question & problem sets

Brockport High School Science Department
AP Physics Labs & other Physics Labs
Problems & Related Topics
Science Reference Tables
Student Study Area tips on problem solving, taking exams & notes, SQ3R Study System

CollegeBoard.com: AP Central, Search AP Central: Physics
AP Physics (pdf) general information
AP Physics B Course Home PageUse It! much more than listed below!
    º Course Audit All schools teaching “AP” must submit the subject-specific AP Course Audit form & syllabus for each teacher of that course. AP course
    º AP Physics B Course Perspective
    º AP Physics Course Description (pdf)
    º AP Physics Teacher's Guide
    º AP Physics FAQs
    º Equation & Tables accessible during testing
    º Multiple Intelligences in the Physics Classroom Physics Instruction Using Video Analysis Technology
    º Sample Syllabi
Course AuditUse It!
History of the AP Program
• Labs
    º AP Physics Lab GuideUse It! ($) Purchase (pdf)
    º Labs Criteria, Format, Ideas
    º Hooke's Law Lab
    º Position-Time Graph of a Pendulum
    º Projectile Motion
Institutes & Workshops
Rubrics, AP Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism, Mechanics
Learning Objectives for AP Physics
Sample Syllabi
Store

FlipKart.com
5 Steps To A 5 Ap Physics B And C book

Glenbrook High School: The Physics Classroom Tutorial

HippoCampus.orgUse It! online tutorials, Create an account for your students
Physics & Physics Minisite
• Introductory Physics I & II
• General Physics I & II
• College Preparatory Physics I & II
• Physics B (algebra & trigonometry based) for AP I & II
• Physics C (calculus based) for AP I & II

Intuitor.com
Mr. Rogers' Syllabus for AP Physics C: Mechanics (With IB Physics Topics)

KineticBooks.com, Demo
Virtual Labs

Mark Reif
FysicsFool at GooglePages.com: AP Physics C class, Fayetteville High School
FysicsFool at PbWorks.com ( Access permission required )

MIT Open Courseware: AP PhysicsUse It!
Motion in One Dimension

Mr. Stanbrough's Classes Physics & AP Physics at Batesville Community School Corporation
Physics - Lab Safety Rules
TI-89 “How To...” Index
Your AP Physics Lab Book

Oak Ridge Schools, Peggy Bertrand: AP Physics B
Equation Sheet and Tables

Owen von Kugelgen, Head Royce School: AP Physics

Physics Lab Online by Catharine H. Colwell, curriculum integrated with the classroom management system LearningXchange, Search, Table of Contents
• Introduction: Directions, how to use PhysicsLab
Curriculum Guide, Curriculum (1st edition), History of Physics Lab Online program
Ap Review Sessions equations
Compilations Questions, quizes, problems & physlets
Resource Lessons

Physics Lab Online by Catharine H. Colwell,Mainland High School, curriculum integrated with the classroom management system LearningXchange, Search, Table of Contents
Ap Review Sessions formulas, labs, lessons, next-time questions, worksheets, cp workbook, essays
Compilations Questions, quizes, problems & physlets
Curriculum Guide, Curriculum (1st edition), History of Physics Lab Online program
• Introduction: Directions, how to use PhysicsLab

Rice's Physics Website, School District of Clayton, Missouri, Links
• AP Physics B
    º Answers to even problems - Giancoli 5th Edition
    º Course Info
    º Homework
    º Syllabus

U Minnesota, Physics & Astronomy, Physics Education Research & Development
Context Rich Problems
Cooperative Group Problem SolvingUse It!
    º Download “Cooperative Group Problem Solving in Physics” by Pat Heller and Ken Heller
    º A Logical Problem Solving Strategy
    º Problem Solving Labs: Lab Manual Downloads with Teacher's Guides

Wolff's Duchesne Page
Honors Physics
Physics
Statistics


^ PHYSICS
ASSOCIATIONS
Adopt-a-Physicistconnects high school students with physics graduates via online message boards

American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) since 1930, ensuring the dissemination physics knowledge, particularly through teaching, Links
High School Physics Photo Contest
Local Sections
New Faculty Workshops
Physics Teaching Resource Agents (PTRA) Program local professional development workshops
Publications
    º American Journal of Physics from ( AIP)
    º the Physics Teacher Online from ( AIP)
Teaching Resources
    º Guidelines for High School Physics Programs
    º HS Textbook Review, Parts 1: Introduction, 2: Active Physics, 3: Conceptual Physics

American Institute of Physics (AIP), Links, SiteMap
Physics News Update

American Physical Society (APS) education, events, News, Search, units
Physics on the Road list of institutions with outreach programs
Resources for Educators

American Vacuum Society
Cal Poly Pomona Society of Physics Students, Forum, Links
European Physical Society (EPS)
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Physics.org (UK) guide to physics on the web, About, SiteMap
    º Events & Activities

Intergovernmental Panel on Global Climate ChangeUse It! (IPCC) “the scientifice consensus”

National Academy of Sciences Board on Physics and Astronomy

Physics Instructional Resource Association (PIRA), Forum
Demo Bibliography
PIRA 200 Demo List
Wiki

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
Recommended Science Teaching Materials

The Santa Fe Institute, About, FAQ
Current and Upcoming Public Events
Physics and Complexity
Video Collection

Society of Physics Students from the American Institute of Physics
Yahoo Search: Organizations: Science: Physics

^ PHYSICS
ASTROPHYSICS
also see.. §ASTRONOMY§, Cosmology

Astronomy 12 Introduction to Astrophysics II, Steven T. Myers, National Radio Astronomy Observatory Socorro, NM
Lecture Notes
    º Lecture 18 - White Dwarfs & Neutron Stars

arXiv.org e-Print archiveUse It!, Astrophysics (since 4/92)

Astronomy 162 Stars, Galaxies, and Cosmology, U Tennessee, Knoxville
The Astrophysical Journal ($) online
Astrophysics Data System ADS Abstract Service

Astrophysics Source Code Library: ArchiveUse It!, About, Links, Search

Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA)
Centre for Astrophysics education, News, popularization, research, resources, U Porto

NASA's Cosmicopia, LinksUse It! Search
Astrophysics Basics
Cosmic Rays
Space Weather
The Sun

Great Debates in Astronomy

Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Search
Current Night Sky
Education and Outreach
Image Gallery
Research
    º Cosmology early epoch of inflation, nature & role of dark matter
    º Extreme Astrophysics the most violent & energetic phenomena
    º Galaxies
    º Laboratory Astrophysics
    º Our Solar System how stable planetary systems form, how planets develop conditions necessary for life
    º Stars, Planets & Origins our picture of how stars form is incomplete, we do not know what conditions produce life

Imagine the Universe! from NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center
Ask an Astrophysicist, Search

lanl.arXiv.org e-Print archive - Astrophysics (since 4/92)
Search by Author(s), Title, Abstract

lanl.arXiv.org e-Print archive mirror (xxx.lanl.gov) - Astrophysics (since 4/92)

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS @Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophsics), Browse, Search Digital Library for Physics, Astrophysics, and Instrumentation
Mirrors: U Nottingham

NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED), Help
Images from the STScI Digitized Sky Survey

Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
Oulu Space Physics Textbook ( Alt )
soton.ac.uk archive Astrophysics (since 4/92) e-Prints

WebStars: Astrophysics in Cyberspace
•HEASARC High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center


^ PHYSICS
AUDIO FILES
also see.. Tutorials

Archive.org, Audio
• Search
    º Quantum
    º Physics
    º Relativity

Groks Science Radio Show & Broadcast ( alt )
Archive.org AudioUse It! Search ( Groks or Groks Physics )
PodcastAlley.com: Groks All Shows


^ PHYSICS
BIOGRAPHIES
Eric's Treasure Trove of Scientific Biography Eric Weisstein
Feynman Online site dedicated to Richard P. Feynman

^ PHYSICS
BLOGS

Dot Physics ( Alt ) Rhett Allain, Assoc Physics Prof, Southeastern Louisiana U


^ PHYSICS
BOOKS
also see.. Open Education

Archive.org: Search Physics
Clifford, William Kingdon, 1845-1879
General physics and its application to industry and everyday life By Ervin Sidney Ferry, 1921
Physics by Charles Ryborg Mann & George Ransom Twiss, 1910
Physics of the household by Carleton John Lynde. 1915

The Book of PhyzUse It! by Dean Baird, AP Physics guides, jobs, labs, demos, question & problem sets

Compadre.org, Open Source Physics
Statistical and Thermal Physics (STP) Textbook by Harvey Gould & Jan Tobochnik
    º download chapters for statistical mechanics, thermal physics or thermal & statistical physics classes,

E.F. Schubert, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Electrical, Computer & Systems Engineering
Physical foundations ECSE-6960 Quantum Mechanics online book

The Feynman Lectures on PhysicsUse It! by Feynman, Leighton & Sands, online from Cal Tech

Google Books (Public Domain)
Clifford, William Kingdon
    º The common sense of the exact sciences
    º Elements of dynamic: an introduction to the study of motion and rest in solid and fluid bodies, Volume 1
    º Lectures and essays by the late William Kingdon Clifford, F.R.S.
    º Seeing and thinking
Essentials of modern physics Charles Elwood Dull, 1922
Macfarlane, Alexander
    º Principles of the algebra of physics
Physics Ernest Fox Nichols, 1907
Physics Balfour Stewart, 1889
Physics Willis Eugene Tower, Charles Henry Smith, Charles Mark Turton, Thomas Darlington Cope, 1920
    º departure from quantitative mathematical presentations
Physics: advanced course George Frederick Barker, 1893
Physics: with applications Henry Smith Carhart, Horatio Nelson Chute, 1917
Physics: the student's manual for the study room and laboratory Le Roy Clark Cooley, 1897
Physics: a text-book for secondary schools Frederick Slate, 1902

Google Books (physics & astronomy books for the general reader)
Barrow, John D.
    º The Artful Universe 1995 or The Artful Universe Expanded 2005
    º New Theories of EverythingUse It!
    º Pi in the Sky: counting, thinking, and being
Bartusiak, Marcia
    º Through a universe darkly: a cosmic tale of ancient ethers, dark matter, and the fate of the universe
Crease, Robert P.
    º The Second Creation: makers of the revolution in twentieth-century physics
Ferris, Timothy
    º The whole shebang: a state-of-the-universe(s) report
Gell-Mann, Murray
    º The Quark and the Jaguar: Adventures in the Simple and the Complex
Goldstein, Martin & Goldstein, Inge F.
    º The refrigerator and the universe: understanding the laws of energy (thermodynamics)
Greene, Brian
    º The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory
    º The fabric of the cosmos: space, time, and the texture of reality
Hoddeson, Lillian editor
    º The Rise of the Standard Model: particle physics in the 1960s and 1970s
Kaku, Michio
    º Beyond Einstein: the cosmic quest for the theory of the universe
    º Hyperspace: a scientific odyssey through parallel universes, time warps, and the tenth dimension
    º Physics of the impossible: a scientific exploration into the world of phasers, force fields, teleportation, and time travel
Kane, Gordon
    º The particle garden: our universe as understood by particle physicists, 1996
    º Supersymmetry: squarks, photinos, and the unveiling of the ultimate laws of nature
Kolb, Rocky
    º Blind Watchers Of The Sky: The People And Ideas That Shaped Our View Of The Universe
Lightman, Alan
    º The Discoveries: Great Breakthroughs in 20th-Century Science, Including the Original Papers
    º Einstein's Dreams
    º A Sense of the Mysterious: Science and the Human Spirit
    º Time for the Stars: Astronomy in the 1990s
Lindley, David
    º Where does the weirdness go? why quantum mechanics is strange, but not as strange as you think
March, Robert H.
    º Physics for Poets modern physics
Shachtman, Tom
    º Absolute Zero: And the Conquest of Cold
Singh, Simon
    º Big Bang: The Origin of the Universe
Weinberg, Steven
    º Dreams of a final theory
Wilczek, Frank
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A Heat Transfer TextbookUse It! 3rd edition, free (8.8MB pdf) Download
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• adopted as a classroom textbook at dozens of universities worldwide

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Larry Gladney, U Pennsylvania Physics
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LightAndMatter.comUse It! Benjamin Crowell, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license: introductory one-year physics survey textbooks for biology majors & open-source software & Courses
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Calculator javascript Inf handles infinite & infinitesimal numbers
    º Javascript Files at GitHub.com
Conceptual Physics
Conservation Laws Book 2
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Optics Book 5
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The Modern Revolution in Physics Book 6
Newtonian Physics Book 1
Open-source Software
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Vibrations and Waves Book 3

Makezine.com
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MichaelBelfiore.com
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Oulu Space Physics Textbook ( Alt )

Pearson Higher Education ($)
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Physics Department Library: Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, UK

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Prentice Hall
Physics Principles with Applications 6th Ed. by Douglas C. Giancoli

Rainer Radok from The twentieth century
Physics and Mathematics for Young Learners: Mathematics and Physics for Everybody, Comprehensive Index
Treatise of Physics, Julius Springer

Recommended Reading as of approx 1991: U Redlands

'The Road to Reality' Internet Forum (RoadToReality.info) solutions to problems
A guide to the forum

Road to Reality Solutions (at Google sites) links to roadtoreality.info & camoo.freeshell.org

Road to Reality Solutions
Section 09.07 (pdf) more on hyperfunctions
Exercise 15.05 mapping the 3-sphere to the tangent bundle on the 2-sphere
Exercise 15.14
Section 16.2 the secret behind magic circles
Exercise16.8 a function from the quarter-plane to the naturals
Exercise 18.05 self-dual & anti-self-dual planes
Exercise 18.07 geometry on the velocity vector hyperboloid
Exercise 19.14 discrete analogue of the stress-energy tensor?
Exercise 19.16 Ricci tensor has info about volume acceleration: a nice illustration of Lie derivatives
Exercise 19.18 trace-reversed Ricci tensor has 0 divergence
Exercise 19.21 Ricci tensor is 0 if trace-reversed Ricci tensor is 0
Exercise 20.08 Taylor expansion of the equilibrium Hamiltonian
Exercise 20.15 symplectic form is unchanged by Hamiltonian evolution
Exercise 22.11 eigenvectors of a normal operator are orthogonal
Exercise 22.12 Amplitude <φ|ψ> = 1 only if φ proportional to ψ
Exercise 23.03 why does the singlet state have 0 spin?
Exercise 23.04 entangled state is a product of states
Exercise 23.09 counting boson states
Exercise 23.10 quantum teleportation
Exercise 24.03 an example of a normalizable state where momentum has a definite magnitude
Exercise 24.07 relativistic invariance of the Dirac equation
Exercise 24.09 representing Clifford elements as matrices
Exercise 25.06 particle octet
Exercise 25.09 dual gauge curvature
Exercise 26.05 positive and negative frequency solutions to Maxwell equations
Exercise 27.09 putting gas molecules back into Pandora's box
Exercise 27.16 isotropy and homogeneity with counterexample
Exercise 28.02 electroweak symmetry breaking
Exercise 28.04 exponential de Sitter metric
Exercise 28.06 Ricci tensor proportional to metric tensor in (anti)de Sitter space
Exercise 29.07 pure-state density matrices
Exercise 29.13 density matrices for spin 1 EPR pairs
Exercise 30.03 black hole temperature
Exercise 30.10 gravitational time dilation
Exercise 30.12 uncertainty in ∂/∂t from energy to move mass distribution away from its potential
Exercise 30.12 an easier proof
Exercise 30.13 free particle can't be in an energy eigenstate
Exercise 31.06 symplectic manifold from a Riemannian manifold with complex structure
Exercise 32.02 contracting a self-dual tensor with an anti self-dual tensor
Exercise 33.02 compactified Minkowski space
Exercise 33.05 compactified Minkowski space as a conic section
Exercise 33.08 celestial sphere is a conformal manifold
Exercise 33.11 0-length twistor associated with spacetime event
Exercise 33.16 self-dual plane of points incident to a twistor + anti self-dual for dual twistor
Exercise 33.18 center of twistor can't be regarded as path of spinning particle>
Exercise 33.19 why is the twistor commutator a real number?
• Exercise 33.23 (see Exercise 33.24)
Exercise 33.24 massless free field equation for a photon or Maxwell'sequations in empty space
Sec. 33.09 first analytic sheaf cohomology of the complex plane
Sec. 33.11 & Exercise 33.28 making curved twistor space by drying paint

RoadSolutions.ox.ac.uk Roger Penrose's oxford book site: Corrections, Solutions

'The Road to Reality' Internet Forum (RoadToReality.info)
Exercise 02.01
Exercise 02.02
Exercise 02.03
Exercise 02.04
Exercise 02.05
Exercise 02.06
Exercise 02.06b
Exercise 02.07
Exercise 02.08
Exercise 03.01
Exercise 03.02
Exercise 04.01
Exercise 04.03
Exercise 04.04
Exercise 04.04b
Exercise 04.05
Exercise 04.06
Exercise 05.01
Exercise 05.02
Exercise 05.04
Exercise 05.05
Exercise 05.06
Exercise 05.07
Exercise 05.08
Exercise 05.09
Exercise 05.10
Exercise 05.10b
Exercise 05.10c
Exercise 05.10e
Exercise 05.11
Exercise 05.12
Exercise 05.13
Exercise 05.14
Exercise 05.15
Exercise 06.01
Exercise 06.02
Exercise 06.02b
Exercise 06.02c
Exercise 06.03
Exercise 06.04
Exercise 06.04b
Exercise 06.05
Exercise 06.06
Exercise 06.07
Exercise 06.08
Exercise 06.09
Exercise 06.10
Exercise 07.01
Exercise 07.01b
Exercise 07.01c
Exercise 07.02
Exercise 07.03
Exercise 07.03b
Exercise 07.04
Exercise 07.05
Exercise 07.06
Exercise 07.07
Exercise 07.08
Chapter 8 in RTR and especially branch points
Exercise 08.01
Exercise 08.02
Exercise 08.03
Exercise 08.04
Exercise 08.04c
Exercise 08.05
Exercise 08.05b
Exercise 08.06
Exercise 08.07
Exercise 08.07b
Exercise 8.7 (other discussion)
Exercise 09.01
Exercise 09.01b
Exercise 09.02b
Exercise 09.05
Exercise 09.05b
Exercise 09.06
Exercise 09.07
Exercise 09.07b
Exercise 09.08
Exercise 09.09
Exercise 09.10
Exercise 09.11
Exercise 09.11b
Exercise 09.12
Exercise 09.13
Exercise 09.14
Exercise 09.14b
Exercise 10.01
Exercise 10.02
Exercise 10.03
Exercise 10.04
Exercise 10.05
Exercise 10.06
Exercise 10.07
Exercise 10.08
Exercise 10.09
Exercise 10.10
Exercise 10.10b
Exercise 10.11
Exercise 10.12
Exercise 10.12b
Exercise 10.13
Exercise 10.14
Exercise 10.14b
Exercise 11.01
Exercise 11.02
Exercise 11.03
Exercise 11.04
Exercise 11.05
Exercise 11.07
Exercise 11.08
Exercise 11.09
Exercise 11.10
Exercise 11.11
Exercise 11.12
Exercise 11.13
Exercise 11.14
Exercise 12.03
Exercise 12.05
Exercise 12.06
Exercise 12.07
Exercise 12.08
Exercise 12.09
Exercise 12.10
Exercise 12.10b
Exercise 12.11
Exercise 12.12
Exercise 12.13
Exercise 12.14
Exercise 12.15
Exercise 12.16
Exercise 12.17
Exercise 13.01
Exercise 13.02
Exercise 13.04
Exercise 13.05
Exercise 13.06
Exercise 13.08
Exercise 13.08b
Exercise 13.09
Exercise 13.10
Exercise 13.11
Exercise 13.12
Exercise 13.14
Exercise 13.15
Exercise 13.16
Exercise 13.17
Exercise 13.18
Exercise 13.19
Exercise 13.20
Exercise 13.21
Exercise 13.22
Exercise 13.23
Exercise 13.24
Exercise 13.24b
Exercise 13.25
Exercise 13.26
Exercise 13.27
Exercise 13.28
Exercise 13.30
Exercise 13.31
Exercise 13.32
Exercise 13.32b
Exercise 13.33
Exercise 13.34
Exercise 13.35
Exercise 13.36
Exercise 13.38
Exercise 13.37
Exercise 13.39
Exercise 13.41
Exercise 13.42
Exercise 13.43
Exercise 13.45
Exercise 13.46
Exercise 13.47
Exercise 13.48
Exercise 13.49
Exercise 13.50
Exercise 13.51
Exercise 13.52
Exercise 13.53
Exercise 13.54
Exercise 13.55
Exercise 13.56
Exercise 13.57
Exercise 13.58
Exercise 13.59
Exercise 13.60
Exercise 13.61
Exercise 13.62
Exercise 14.01
Exercise 14.02
Exercise 14.03b
Exercise 14.04
Exercise 14.04b
Exercise 14.05
Exercise 14.05b
Exercise 14.06
Exercise 14.06b
Exercise 14.07
Exercise 14.07b
Exercise 14.08
Exercise 14.08b
Exercise 14.09
Exercise 14.10
Exercise 14.10b
Exercise 14.11
Exercise 14.12
Exercise 14.13
Exercise 14.14
Exercise 14.17
Exercise 14.18
Exercise 14.19
Exercise 14.20
Exercise 14.21
Exercise 14.22
Exercise 14.23
Exercise 14.23b
Exercise 14.24
Exercise 14.25
Exercise 14.26
Exercise 14.27
Exercise 14.29
Exercise 14.30
Exercise 14.31
Exercise 14.32
Exercise 14.32b
Exercise 14.32c
Exercise 14.33
Exercise 14.34
Exercise 15.04
Exercise 15.05
Exercise 15.08
Exercise 15.10
Exercise 15.12
Exercise 15.13
Exercise 15.14
Exercise 16.01
Section 16.02 the secret behind magic circles
Exercise 16.03
Exercise 16.04
Exercise 16.05
Exercise 16.06
Exercise 16.07
Exercise 16.08
Exercise 16.08b
Exercise 16.10
Exercise 16.13
Exercise 16.14
Exercise 16.15
Exercise 16.16
Exercise 16.17
Exercise 16.18
Exercise 16.19
Exercise 17.01
Exercise 17.02
Exercise 17.03
Exercise 17.04
Exercise 17.05
Exercise 17.06
Exercise 17.07
Exercise 17.08
Exercise 17.09
Exercise 18.01
Exercise 18.03
Exercise 18.05b
Exercise 18.06
Exercise 18.07b
Exercise 18.08
Exercise 18.09
Exercise 18.10
Exercise 18.12
Exercise 18.14
Exercise 18.17
Exercise 18.18
Exercise 18.18b
Exercise 18.19
Exercise 18.21
Exercise 18.22
Exercise 19.01
Exercise 19.02
Exercise 19.03
Exercise 19.04
Exercise 19.05
Exercise 19.10
Exercise 19.11
Exercise 19.13
Exercise 19.14b
Exercise 19.16b
Exercise 19.19
Exercise 19.20
Exercise 19.21
Exercise 19.22
Exercise 19.23
Exercise 19.23b
Exercise 20.01
Exercise 20.02
Exercise 20.03
Exercise 20.04
Exercise 20.05
Exercise 20.06
Exercise 20.07
Exercise 20.08 b
Exercise 20.09
Exercise 20.09b
Exercise 20.10
Exercise 20.11
Exercise 20.12
Exercise 20.12b
Exercise 20.14
Exercise 21.01
Exercise 21.02
Exercise 21.05
Exercise 21.05b
Exercise 21.06
Exercise 21.08
Exercise 21.12
Exercise 21.13
Exercise 21.14
Exercise 21.15
Exercise 21.16
Exercise 22.02
Exercise 22.02b
Exercise 22.03
Exercise 22.06
Exercise 22.06b
Exercise 22.07
Exercise 22.11
Exercise 22.12
Exercise 22.12b
Exercise 22.15
Exercise 22.18

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Richard Feynman (1918-1988)
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Greene, Brian (1963-)
    º The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory, 1999
    º The Fabric of the Cosmos: Space, Time, and the Texture of Reality, 2004
Kaku, Michio (1947-)
    º Beyond Einstein 1995
    º Hyperspace 1994
    º Physics of the Impossible 2008
Kane, Gordon L.: Classic Books
    º Modern Elementary Particle Physics, 1993
    º Particle Garden, 1995
    º Supersymmetry: unveiling of the ultimate laws of nature, 2000
Alan Lightman (1948)
    º Einstein's Dreams
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Weinberg, Steven (1933-)
    º Dreams of a Final Theory: The Search for the Fundamental Laws of Nature (1993), ISBN 0-09-922391-0

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U British Columbia, Outreach: Physics 420 Demonstrations
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    º Power Supply, Economy Analog 531970 $166.95
    º Power Supply, Four-Way Variable Regulated DC 573261 $124.95
    º Resistor, 1/4 Watt Carbon Film Set (500) 574599
    º Solenoid, Air Core 532015 $28.45
    º Static Spinner 532008 $19.95
    º Van de Graaff Generator 527279 $139.95
    º Wire, Hookup PVC Coated, 22 Gauge Solid Conductor, Black 581148 $8.25
• Heat
    º Burner, Wickless Alcohol, and Stand 531629 $15.70
    º Calorimeter 532018 $39.95
    º Calorimeter, Electric 590976 $41.95
    º Convection Demonstrator 584295 $27.45
    º Thermometer, IR 532300, -20 to 320ºC, Specs $54.95
• Magnetism
    º Levitating Vortex 1294709 $9.95
    º Magnaprobe 593235 $17.45
• Measurement
    º Timer, School Smart Digital 084280 $3.40
• Optics
    º Fresnel Lens 584598 $0.85
    º Mirror, Concave, Glass, 75 mm Diameter, 574260 $3.25
    º Mirror, Convex, Glass, 75 mm Diameter, 573171 $4.75
    º Newton's Ring Apparatus 564811 $24.15
    º (optical bench) Candle Holder 599106 $2.30
    º (optical bench) Meter Stick, Plain, School Smart 081901 $2.35
    º Optical Calcite (Iceland Spar) 576111 $5.50
    º Plastic Depression Slides (40) 190-2955 $5.95
    º
    º Smithsonian Holo-Dome: Optical Illusion, 528023 $17.95
    º Van De Graaff Generator, Small 532023WW & Replacement Belt 532112 $7.90
• Sound & Waves
    º Resonance Box w/Tuning Fork 256 Hz, 181-2513 $18.45
    º Tuning Fork, Adjustable 574100 $12.95
• Vacuum
    º Bell Jars, Knob Top 590802 $70.95
    º Vacuum Plate 525795 $29.45
    º Vacuum Pump, Hand 531776 $24.95

FurAndHide.com for static electricity fur

GSA Auctions Federal General Services Administration
Lab Equipment

Google Search
Donation Lab EquipmentUse It!

GSAxcess.gov General Services Administration, Federal Excess Personal Property Utilization Program & Federal Surplus Personal Property Donation Program
How to Acquire Federal Excess Personal Property
How to Acquire Surplus Federal Personal Property State Agencies for Surplus Property (SASP) have been established by each state

Indigo Instruments
Electrodes
Magnets
Nanotechnology Multimedia Library
Prisms
Spring Scales
Tuning Forks

Jameco Electronics
IC,LM35DZ temperature sensor for digital thermometer using multimeter

Jerry E. Howell model project plans & kits: stirling, atmospheric & internal combustion engines, LinksUse It!
JJC & Associates
Joissu.com toys that may be used for physics
LabWarehouse.com

Labx Scientific Marketplace listing scientific equipment AuctionsUse It! Links
Donation

LiveScienceStore.com

Los Alamos National Laboratory: Students & Educators, Library
Los Alamos Educational Equipment Gift Program (LEEG)

MagnetSource.com Mater Magnets Inc.
Educational Magnets
Education Kits

Makezine.com, About
Blog
Laboratory 5.4: Examine the Spectroscopic Characteristics of Soil

Merlan science, engineering & technology education products
Phywe - Physics
Vernier Data Acquisition

Mouser Electronics

NadaScientific.com: Science Education
Physical Science physics instruments for secondary & university education
    º BeeSpi-Velocimeter
    º Calorimeter, Set of 2
    º Nakamura Electrolysis Apparatus, Unit
    º Electromagnet, U-Shape
    º Electroscopes: Flask Type, Metal Case Type
    º Optical Bench, Student Demonstration
    º Refraction Cell, Semicircular, Clear Acrylic
    º Smoke Boxes, Rectangular, (set of 3)
    º Solenoid (helix), Iron Core

National SemiconductorUse It! Parametric Catalog & Search, Distribution Partners, Ordering Information & Purchasing Resources, SiteMap
Amplifiers
Thermal Management & Temperature Sensors
LM35 Precision Centigrade Temperature Sensor
    º Application Note & Applications (pdf's)
WeBench Online Design Tools: Design Made Easy
    º Explore and Learn how to videos, online courses, article, latest design technologies
    º Compare & Select selection tools: search, select & compare products
    º Design & Build WeBench Power Designer: create, prototype & finalize designs
    º Reference Designs Library

New Mexico General Services Department
Surplus Property Bureau
    º Application for EligibilityUse It! To Receive Federal Surplus Property (41 CFR 101-44.207)

Newport.com laser and photonics components, Diffraction Gratings for OEM and scientific applications
Selection Of Dispersing Systems

Pasco Scientific: University & High School Physics
Xplorer GLX Graphing Datalogger
Physics Experiment Kits

Pic-Design.com precision mechanical components

Pitsco Education
Learning Systems

ProlabScientific.com: Physics
Force
Properties of matter

RadioShack.com
85dB Piezo Buzzer for Doppler Effect, Catalog #273-060, 4-28VDC, 5mA at 12V
LED's
Neon Bulb Search (no Part No. 272-1100B or 272-1102)
NE2H 1/4 W Neon Lamp Catalog #272-1102
NE2H 1/4 W Neon Lamp Catalog #272-1102A
Products associated to Lamps and LEDs

ReidSupply.com
PULLEYS Pulleys & Blocks Results

ResonanceResearch.com Tesla coils
The Robot MarketPlace mechanical, electronics, hobby, motors

SargentWelch.com Supplies: Physics
Knife Switches
Magnetic Compasses, Magnetic Field Projectual
Octave Tuning Fork Set
Vacuum Products: Hand Pump, Magdeburg Hemispheres, Vacuum Plate

ScienceFirst.comUse It!
Mechanics
    º Pulley, Clamp, Ball Bearing, Pulley, In Line, Pulley with Rod, Plas Sheave, Sheave Pulleys
    º Spring Scale
Optics
    º Optical Bench
    º Spectrometer, Project StarUse It! $28.85 best price

Science HobbyistUse It! William J. Beaty, Seattle, WA
Physics Demos & Science Exhibit Designs, Links, Suppliers
Surplus Electronics and Equipment for Amateur Scientists

Science Kit & Boreal Laboratories
Bottle Rocket Launcher
Cloud Chamber Set
Fire Piston temperature increases with pressure
Low Cost Boyle's Law Apparatus
Project Star Spectrometer $36.50

ScienceLab.com: Educational Products: Physics

Science Toys You Can Make With Your Kids (ads)
Chapter 1: Magnetism
Chapter 2: Electromagnetism
Chapter 3: Electrochemistry
Chapter 4: Radio
Chapter 5: Thermodynamics
Chapter 6: Aerodynamics
Chapter 7: Light and Optics
Chapter 8: Biology
Chapter 9: Mathematics
Chapter 10: Computers and Electronics

Scientific Equipment Liquidators mostly medical equipment

Sci-Supply.com see Clearnance & Specials
Discharge Tubes
Hand Generator economical alternative to Genecon

href="https://www.scitoyscatalog.com/"> SciToysCatalog.com: Catalog
SmallParts.com mechanical

SPER Scientific environmental, water quality & lab instrumetation
Stock Drive ProductsUse It! mechanical

SuperBrightLEDs.com
SurplusShed.com surplus & used optical & electronics
SurplusTraders.net Electronic Products & misc.

TeacherSource.com Supply Store, Search
• Conceptual Physics The Best of Paul Hewitt 2 DVD Set, Workshop for Teachers
Light & Color
    º Color Filters, Hand-Held Spectroscope, Polarizing Filters
Magnets
Science Fair Ideas

Texas Instruments, Education Technology
Classroom Activities
Product Tutorials
TI-SmartView Emulator Software for the TI-84 Plus Family, project the calculator’s display

TopBulb.com the place to find any light bulb
Used Energy-Related Laboratory Equipment (ERLE) Grant Program used energy-related lab equipment for universities, colleges & other nonprofit higher learning educational institutions, Guidelines

Used-line.com used hi-tech & scientific equipment

Vernier Software & Technology, Products & Software
Easy Products for data collection with TI-84 seried calculators
Go! Products instruments for computer data-collection
Lab Books
Lab Equipment
Logger Pro site license: all instructor computers & the student home computers
Packages
Sensors & Probes
Texas Instruments Calculator Products

Ward's Natural Science
Project STAR Spectrometer $36.50
WestHillBio.com Physics & Biology kits
Lab Activities with links to related kits

WM Berg miniature precision mechanical components
WonderMagnet.com

^ PHYSICS
COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS
also see.. Animations, Software

Compadre.org: uCOMP sharing information & resources in computational physics
Easy Java Simulations Modeling and Authoring Tool
Special Functions Model by Wolfgang Christian, display Legendre-, Laguerre-, Chebyshev-polynomials & Bessel functions

NewtonDynamics.com free, but closed source physics engine for real time simulation of physics environments
Wiki
    º Tutorials basic understanding of C++, 3D Graphics, and Newtonian Physics assumed

Open Dynamics Engine (ODE) open source, high performance software library for simulating rigid body dynamics by Russell Smith
Documentation
Download
    º Sourceforge Binary for Windows
Slide Presentations
Sourceforge.net: Open Dynamics Engine
    º What is a Physics SDK

Wikipedia
Computational fluid dynamics
Computational physics
Dynamical simulation
Open Dynamics Engine
Physics engine


^ PHYSICS
CONCEPTUAL PHYSICS
Glenbard West High School, Mr. Szarzak
Conceptual Physics

Glenbrook South Physics

M&M Enterprises ($) Paul G. Hewitt Lectures on DVD
DVD Titles

Mrs. Keith Files Page

Peter Hirschfeld, U Florida, Physics: Discovering PhysicsUse It! (PHY1033C)
Labs
Links to Topics discussed in class
Solved Problem Archive
Syllabus
Tests & Practice Tests

Physics Lab Online by Catharine H. Colwell, Site Instructions, Search, Table of Contents
Next-Time QuestionsUse It! to accompany Paul Hewitt's Conceptual Physics

PearsonSchool.com (Prentice Hall sales )
Conceptual Physics by Paul Hewitt

ScienceWithMrNoon.comUse It!
Honors Physics, Links

St. Anthony High School, Physical Sciences Instructor: Matthew Poston
Conceptual Physics
    º Graph Paper
    º Periodic Table
    º Syllabus (doc)

St. Ignatius College Preparatory
The People's Physics Book online


^ PHYSICS
CORIOLIS EFFECT

Astronomy 161 The Solar System, U Tennessee, Knoxville
Consequences of Rotation for Weather Coriolis Forces

The Coriolis Effect (pdf) – a conflict between common sense and mathematics, Anders Persson, Norwegian Meteorolgical Institute

David H. McIntyre, Oregon State U Physics
Coriolis Force and Noninertial Effects Animations

International Commission on History of Meteorology
: Four centuries of conflict between common sense and mathematics, Part I: A history to 1885

Polar Satellite Meteorology at CIMSS, U Wisconsin-Madison: GG101 - Natural Environments: The Atmosphere
The Coriolis Effect by Dave Van Domelen

Wikipedia
Coriolis effect

Youtube.com
coriolis effect (2-11)


^ PHYSICS
COSMOLOGY, STRINGS, SUPERSTRINGS
including.. Hubble's Law
also see.. §ASTRONOMY§, Astrophysics, §Black Holes§, Particle Physics, §PHILOSOPHY§,
Quantum Gravity, Relativity, §RELIGIONS§, §Stellar Evolution§, Varying c

DIRECTORIES-Cosmology
dmoz.org Open Directory | Google.com | Yahoo.com

Amazon.com
Warped Passages: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Universe's Hidden Dimensions by Lisa Randall

The American Institute of Physics: Center for History of Physics
Cosmic JourneyUse It!

The anthropic principle: science, philosophy or guesswork ? Mariano Artigas, Dept. Philosophy, U Navarra, Pamplona (Spain)

Archive.org, Audio: Search String Theory
The Great String Theory Debate: Brian Greene and Lawrence Krauss Federico Pistono
String Theory (Groks Science Show) Charles Lee and Frank Ling

Autotheist's Corner - Advanced Physics Made Simple:
Black Holes, Cosmology, General Relativity, Special Relativity, Standard Model

Berkeley Cosmology Group - Links, Education Outreach:
FAQs - Black Holes FAQ, What is Cosmology?
On-Line Demos
Remote Access Astronomy

Black Holes and Mysteries of the Cosmos (geocities.com) chats, essays, Links, Search

Cal Tech, Particle Theory Group, Links
The Second Superstring Revolution, John H. Schwarz

Cambridge Cosmology (see U Cambridge below for extended links)
Cambridge Relativity

Cornell U, Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, Superstring Theory

The Cosmic Microwave Background, Douglas Scott, U British Columbia, Astronomy & Astrophysics

Cosmic Microwave Background Tutorials (CMB Tutorials) U Chicago
The Cosmological Constant Sean M. Carroll & William H. Press, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics & Edwin L. Turner

The Cosmological Constant evolution, Links, references, relativity: by Eli Michael, U Colorado, Boulder
Cosmology: The Study of the Universe from NASA
Cosmology 3 from Telescopes & Astronomy, Astralia

Cosmos in a Computer, U Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Cosmic Mystery Tour How did the universe begin & come to be in its present state?
Our Hierarchical Universe What can the universe's present structure tell us about its evolution & fate?
Cosmology Goes Digital Why are computers essential to understand or compute the universe?
Cosmos in Fast Forward animations
Short Bibliography

CMB Astrophysics Research Program ( L Berkeley National Lab ), Smoot Group Education, Outreach
Active Galactic Nuclei
    º nuclei (of some galaxies) that outshine the entire galaxy, powered by supermassive black holes
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) relic radiation from the Big Bang
Formation of the Elements
    º In the beginning....
    º Formation of the High Mass Elements (a/k/a What Happens Inside a Star)
Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry in the Universe
Potential Software Projects for CS students

Cyberia from U Illinois
Science for the Millennium, Movie Index
    º Cosmos in a Computer
    º Spacetime Wrinkles
    º Whispers from the Cosmos

Edward L. (Ned) Wright
Cosmological Fads & Fallacies
Cosmology Tutorial

Google Books (cosmology books for the general reader)
Barrow, John D.
    º The Artful Universe 1995 or The Artful Universe Expanded 2005
    º New Theories of EverythingUse It!
Bartusiak, Marcia
    º Through a universe darkly: a cosmic tale of ancient ethers, dark matter, and the fate of the universe
Ferris, Timothy
    º The whole shebang

    º Greene, Brian
    º The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory
    º The fabric of the cosmos: space, time, and the texture of reality
Goldstein, Martin & Goldstein, Inge F.
    º The refrigerator and the universe: understanding the laws of energy (thermodynamics)
Kaku, Michio
    º Beyond Einstein: the cosmic quest for the theory of the universe
Kolb, Rocky
    º Blind Watchers Of The Sky: The People And Ideas That Shaped Our View Of The Universe
Singh, Simon
    º Big Bang: The Origin of the Universe
Weinberg, Steven
    º Dreams of a final theory

iCosmos.co.uk cosmology calculator: comoving distance, angular diameter distance, luminosity distance, comoving volume, age of the universe, perturbation growth factor

Institute for Strings, Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Cornell U
News
People
    º Brian Greene co-director

John H. Schwarz, Caltech Particle Theory
The Second Superstring RevolutionUse It!

John Huchra's Website

Level 5 knowledgebase for extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology, About, Links, Search
Author IndexUse It!
Lexicon and Glossary of Terms
Images, Catalogs & Atlases
Spectroscopy

The Light Cone an illuminating introduction to relativity by Rob Salgado

Los Alamos National Laboratory - e-Print archive

Martin White's Online Publications ( Astronomy Dept, U California, Berkely)
Big Bang
Cosmic Rosetta Stone
Dark Matter
from Gamow to COBE
Polarization Primer (Cosmic Microwave Background)

MIT Physics Courses Online
8.942 Cosmology As taught in: Fall 2001
The Early Universe, Prof. Alan Guth, Fall 2013: Video Lectures

NASA, Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP) - Cosmology, Outreach: Universe: Cosmology 101:
Big Bang Theory, Concepts
Big Bang Tests - Cosmic Micrwaves, Expansion, Light Elements
Beyond Big Bang - Fluctuations, Fine Tuning, Inflation Theory, Structures
Our Universe - Age, Cosmological Constant, Expansion, Fate, Shape, Matter
Related Topics - First Objects, Life and Death of Stars, Milky Way Galaxy

NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database, Intro, LinksUse It!, Search
Advanced All-Sky Search For Objects By Parameters
• Calculators: Coordinate & Galactic Extinction, Velocity Correction
Images & Maps
Level 5 Knowledgebase
• Search: Redshifts, Text

Ned Wright's Cosmology Tutorial: UCLA, FAQ
Part 1: Observations of Global Properties
Part 2: Homogeneity and Isotropy; Many Distances; Scale Factor
Part 3: Spatial Curvature; Flatness-Oldness; Horizon
Part 4: Inflation; Anisotropy and Inhomogeneity
The ABC's of Distances
Age of the Universe
Popular Cosmology Books (bibliography)
Relativity Tutorial

Origin and Development of the Universe from NASA Remote Sensing Tutorial
Peter Lynds

Professor Stephen Hawking's website - bio, Glossary, Links, physics colloquiums, public lectures
Qozi.com, Astronomy - Cosmology (Links)
The Scale of the Universe

The Second Superstring Revolution by John Schwarz, Caltech - Particle Theory
Introduction - Resolution of Contradictions
Supersymmetry
Brief History of Superstrings - Strong Nuclear Force, Unification, First Revolution
Basic Ideas of Superstring Theory - Perturbation, Extra Dimensions, Theory of Everything?
Second Superstring Revolution - One Theory!, T Duality, S Duality, M Theory, D-Branes
Conclusions

SuperstringTheory.com, Patricia Schwarz
Basics

String Theory and the Unification of Forces
•by Sunil Mukhi, Dept Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

String Theory Web Site, Links - Cosmology
How Old is the Universe?
What is the Structure of the Universe?
Take a Trip through the Big Bang
Before the Big Bang

Sunil Mukhi
String Theory and the Unification of Forces

Superstrings! - Glossary, Links, Tutorial
Basics
Black Holes
D-branes
Duality
Extra Dimensions
M-theory
Super(symmetric)Strings
Why Strings?
Summary

SuperStringtheory.com, ForumsUse It! Index, Links
Black Holes, Cosmology, Relativity, Time & Causality
Einstein, Hawking
Geometry, Topology
Mystics & Metaphysics, Philosophy of Physics, Science & Religion, Science & Society
• Physics Education, Questions & Answers


U Cambridge - DAMTP, Relativity & Gravitation Group - CosmologyUse It!
Big Bang, Cosmic Strings, Inflation, Quantum gravity
Black Holes - Introduction, Observational evidence and Critical Phenomena
Cosmic Background Radiation - Origin of Fluctuations, Primeval Fireball, Edge Ripples, Temperature
Galaxies & clusters - Clusters and [Large-scale: Origin], Milky Way, Spiral and Elliptical, Dark Matter
Quantum Gravity - Quantum Cosmology, M-theory (Strings), and the Holographic Principle

U Colorado, Boulder, CASA: ASTR 5720-001: Galaxies & Cosmology; ASTR 3740: Relativity & Cosmology
Andrew Hamilton - publications
Falling in a Black Hole
• Links - Cosmology, Relativity & Black Hole
Tour of Special Relativity

U Oregon: Astronomy 123 Cosmology and the Origin of Life
View from the center of the Universe book promotion site

Wikipedia: Cosmology, Physical cosmology
    º Category:Cosmology
    º Category:String theory
    º Category:Stellar evolution
    º Category:Astronomy timelines
    º History of the Big Bang theory
    º History of general relativity
    º History of gravitational theory
    º History of optics
    º History of physics
    º History of Solar System formation and evolution hypotheses
    º History of string theory
    º Timeline of the Big Bang
    º Timeline of black hole physics
    º Timeline of cosmic microwave background astronomy
    º Timeline of white dwarfs, neutron stars, and supernovae
Acceleration
Accelerating universe
Age of the universe
Anthropic principle
Astrophysics
Biocentrism (cosmology) life creates the universe
Big Bang
    º Big Bang nucleosynthesis
    º Timeline of the Big Bang
Black body
Bondi, Hermann
Celestial mechanics
Cellular automaton
Chaos
Chaotic Inflation theory
Complex systems
Copernican Principle our place in this Universe is not central or favored
Cosmic distance ladder (standard candle)
Cosmic microwave background radiation
Cosmogony
Cosmological argument
Cosmological constant
Cosmological principle in all space our Universe's large scale properties & physical laws are the same, implies homogeneity & isotropy
    º Perfect cosmological principle extends cosmological principle to both space & time
Cosmology
    º Non-standard cosmology
    º Observational cosmology
    º Physical cosmology
Cosmos
CPT symmetry symmetry of physical laws under simultaneous inversions of charge, parity & time; a mirror-image universe would evolve under our same physical laws
    º CP violation CP-symmetry [laws unchanged by particle/antiparticle exchange (C symmetry) & left/right swap (P symmetry)] violated in neutral kaon decays-1964
    º C-symmetry symmetry under charge-conjugation transformation or particle/antiparticle interchange
    º Parity (physics) (P) parity transformation or parity inversion is flipping the sign of one spatial coordinate (mirror image)
    º T-symmetry symmetry of laws under time reversal transformation
de Sitter, Willem (1872-1934) co-authored paper Einstein in 1932 which argued there may be large amounts of dark matter
    º de Sitter invariant special relativity
    º de Sitter space
    º de Sitter universe
Dark energy
Dark matter
Distance measures (cosmology)
    º Cepheid variables pulsating variable stars, standard candles, foundation of the Extragalactic Distance Scale
    º Cosmic distance ladder
    º Distance modulus
    º Parallax
    º Tip of the red giant branch distance indicator using luminosity of brightest red giant branch stars in a galaxy to gauge the galaxy's distance
    º Triangulation
Doppler effect
Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)
Event horizon
Golden age of cosmology
Homogeneity (physics)
Hoyle, Fred (1915-2001)
Elementary particle
Energy
• Eras: phases of the known universe
    º Dark Energy Dominated Era 5 billion years A.B. (After the Big Bang)
    º Matter-Dominated Era 70,000 years A.B.
    º Radiation-Dominated Era
Evolution
Fine-tuned Universe
Flatness problem
Force
Friedmann, Alexander (1888-1925)
    º Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker metric solution of Einstein's field equations implying Big Bang
Fundamental interaction (fundamental forces)
Future of an expanding universe
Galaxy, Galaxy formation and evolution
Gold, Thomas (1920-2004) Steady State Theory
Golden age of cosmology
Golden age of general relativity
Grand unification epoch
Grand Unified Theory
Gravitation
    º Gravitational field
    º Gravitational lens
    º Gravitational redshift
    º Gravitational well
    º Quantum gravity
Guth, Alan (1947-) originator of inflation theory
Hawking, Stephen (1942)
    º Hawking radiation
Heat death of the universe
Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
    º Instability strip
    º Stellar birthline
    º Turnoff point
Hubble, Edwin (1889-1953)
    º Hubble's law
Inflation (cosmology)
    º Chaotic inflation theory
    º Inflationary epoch
Intelligent design
Isotropy
Khvolson, Orest (1852-1934)gravitational lense
Lanza, Robert
    º Biocentrism (cosmology) life creates the universe
Large-scale structure of the cosmos
Lemaitre, Georges (1894-1966) 1927 primeval atom (Big Bang) solution to Einstein's field equations independent of Friedmann
Levi-Civita, Tullio (1873-1941)
Luminiferous aether
Lyman alpha blob
Lynds, Peter (1975) cyclic time cosmology model
Mass
Mathematical universe hypothesis
Matter
Mediocrity principle our place in this Universe is average
Metric expansion of space
Hermann Minkowski (1864-1909)
    º Minkowski space
Morse, Marston (1892-1977)
    º Morse theory
Multiverse
Natural selection
Non-standard cosmology
Nucleosynthesis
    º Big Bang nucleosynthesis
    º Cosmic ray spallation
    º Stellar nucleosynthesis
Observable universe
Observational cosmology
Particle physics
    º Standard Model
Perfect Cosmological Principle
    º Steady State theory
Physical cosmology
Planck scale
Planck time
Plasma (physics)
Plenitude principle everything that can happen will happen
• Principles
    º Anthropic principle our Universe must be compatible with conscious life
    º Copernican Principle our place in this Universe is not central or favored
    º Cosmological principle in all space our Universe's large scale properties & physical laws are the same, implies homogeneity & isotropy
    º Mediocrity principle our place in this Universe is average
    º Perfect cosmological principle extends cosmological principle to both space & time
    º Plenitude principle everything that can happen will happen
Quantum mechanics
Quantum gravity
Randomness
Redshift
    º Cosmological redshift - due to the expansion of space (not observed within the Local Group of galaxies due to gravitational effects overwhelming expansion tendency)
    º Doppler effect due to objects moving through space
    º Gravitational redshift due to loss of energy in escaping a gravitational field
Relativity, Theory of
    º General Relativity, History of general relativity
    º Special relativity, History of special relativity
Robertson, Howard Percy (1903-1961)
Shape of the universe
Spacetime
Static universe
Steady State theory
    º Perfect Cosmological Principle
Stellar nucleosynthesis
String theory
    º Bosonic string theory
    º Superstring theory (supersymmetric string theory)
Structure formation
Supersymmetry
Tegmark, Max (1967-) mathematical argument for the multiverse
    º Mathematical universe hypothesis
Theology
Theory of everything
Thomson scattering theorized reason for opaqueness of the Big Bang plasma phase & linear polarization of cosmic microwave background radiation
Timeline of cosmology
Tired light
Ultimate fate of the universe
Universe
Vacuum energy
Walker, Arthur Geoffrey (1909-2001)
Whitrow, Gerald James The Structure and Evolution of the Universe: An Introduction to Cosmology (1949)
Wolff, Christian (philosopher) (1679-1754)
Wolfram, Stephen (1959-)
    º A New Kind of Science ( Online Book) at WolframScience.com
Work (physics), Work (thermodynamics)
Zero-energy Universe

Wright Center for Innovative Science EducationUse It! Tufts U
Classroom Activities and resources
    º Cosmic Evolution


Hubble's Law)

CLEA Project: Overview of Available Software from Gettysburg College, Physics
General Technical User's Manual (pdf) REQUIRED
Hubble RedShift-Distance Relation

Cornell U, Astonomy ( Resources, Ask an Astronomer )
Astronomy 201: Our Home in the Universe ( Links )
    º Hubble's Law

Hubble's Law and the Expansion of the Universe


^ PHYSICS


DATA

Google Search
physics reference data

IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology the Gold Book, About, Alphabetical index, SiteMap
General indexes
    º Acronyms and abbreviations
    º Obsolete terms
Math / physics indexes
    º Physical constants definitions
    º Quantities
    º SI prefixes definitions
    º Units definitions

Leybold-didactic.com LD Didactic AG & Co. KG
Physics experiments - Secondary
Physics Leaflets
    º Determining the volumetric expansion coefficient of liquids

Technology Systems Free reference downloads
Data Books
Data Sheets
Design Software
Electronic Projects
Full Electronic books
Scientific and Electronic papers


^ PHYSICS
DEMONSTRATIONS
also see.. Animations & Simulations, Videos

Boston U, Physics Lecture Demonstrations
• Physlet Demonstrations: Semesters 1 & 2

Daedalon.com ($) experiments & apparatus
Modern Physics

Demonstration Bibliography: based on Physics Instructional Resource Association (PIRA), 1998
Exploratorium
Snacks miniature low-cost classroom demonstrations based on exploratorium exhibits

Georgia Tech, School of Physics, Physics Demonstration Facility

Harvard U, Science Center, Physics Demonstrations ( How to use this guide )
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Condensed Matter
Electricity & Magnetism
    º OHP Circuit Board
    º Triboelectric Effects
Geophysics
Light & Optics
Mathematical Topics
Newtonian Mechanics
Oscillations & Waves
Quantum Physics & Relativity
Thermal Physics

Inverted Pendulum Design Using MATLAB software

Julien Clinton Sprott, U Wisconsin - Madison
Physics DemonstrationsUse It! A Sourcebook for Teachers of Physics
Popular Lectures
Sprott's Fractal Gallery
Sprott's Software

N.C. State U , Physics Dept, Physics Demonstrations
Physical Sciences Resource Center, American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT)
Demos & Labs, LinksUse It!

Physics Demonstration Catalog University of Oregon

Physics Force from U Minnesota, Physics
Physics Circus DemonstrationsUse It! with some VIDEOS

Physics Instructional Resource Association (PIRA), Forum
Demo Bibliography
PIRA 200 Demo List
Wiki

Physics Lecture Demonstrations, Museum Informatics Project: U.C. Berkeley

Science HobbyistUse It! William J. Beaty, Seattle, WA: Physics Demos & Science Exhibit Designs, Links, Suppliers
Electricity Articles (all)
Electronics Hobbyist with Links
Kids' Science Projects
Science Education Articles
Science Myths in K-6 Textbooks and Popular culture
Static Electricity Page: Electrostatic Build-it Projects
    º Determining Charge Polarity
Nikola Tesla Page, tesla coils
Plasma Sphere construction articles, plans, links
Van de Graaff Electrostatic Generator Page: Building your own
Videos: science projects, experiments
    º Abrasion Holography hand-drawn Holograms
    º Disgustoscope
    º Ultra-simple Electric Generator with parts list & instructions

U California Santa Cruz, Physics Lecture Demonstration CatalogUse It!
Atoms & Solid State
Electricity & Magnetism Fluids, Pressure & Heat
Mechanics
Optics
Oscillations & Waves

U Colorado, Boulder, Physics, Physics 2000
Physics Learning Laboratories

U.C. Berkeley Physics Lecture Demonstrations, Download Physics NotebooksUse It!
Index to Physics Notebooks
Movies of selected demosUse It!
Astronomy and Perception Book G
Electricity and Magnetism Book D
Mechanics Book A
Modern and Contemporary Physics Book F
Optics Book E
Properties of Heat and Matter Book C
Waves Book B

UCLA, Physics & Astronomy: Lecture Demonstration Manual, Contents
First Day Demos
    º Drop Two Balls
    º Faith in Physics Pendulum
    º Turntable and Weights. Turntable and Bicycle Wheel
Vectors & Forces
    º What is a Radian?
Kinematics
    º Acceleration Down an Inclined Plane
First Law, Inertia
    º Flick the Card
    º Hammer and Rod
    º Inertia Ball
    º Jerk the Table Cloth
    º Partial Pie Plate ball in circular motion exits in a straight line
Friction
    º Friction Blocks adjustable inclined plane
    º Terminal Velocity with a ping pong ball
Gravitational Acceleration
    º Acceleration Down an Inclined Plane
    º Cavendish Balance
    º Falling Chimney
    º Horizontal and Vertical Bell Drop
    º Local Inertial Frame
    º Measurements of g with a metronome
Third Law
    º Paradox of Forces
    º Sail and Prop
Momentum and Collisions
    º Collision Balls Newton's Cradle
    º Happy and Unhappy Impact
    º Hover Disks
    º Reaction Carts
    º Two Balls Hanging

U Florida, Physics
Demonstration Page: html Manual
    º Download Powerpoint (zip)

U Glasgow, Physics Dept, Exhibits

U Iowa, Physics and Astronomy Lecture Demonstrations with VIDEOS: Demponstrations (frame)
• Math
    º Radian Disk
• Rotational Energy
    º Falling Chimney ( mpeg )
• Transfer of Angular Momentum
    º Magic Windmill transverse oscillation to elliptical oscillation in a solid
• Rotational Stability
    º Football ( mpeg )

U Maryland, Physics Dept, Physics Lecture-Demonstration Facility, Search, Demonstration Index: Main TopicsUse It!
Demonstrations in Acoustics DVD ($25) 70 demonstrations
Sub-Topics J. Electrostatics and Magnetostatics

U Minnesota, School of Physics & Astronomy: Physics Demo Page

U Oregon, Dept Physics
Physics Index
Physics Demo Room

U Wisconsin, Physics: Lecture Deomonstrations, Links
Short FilmsUse It! (quicktime)

Video Encyclopedia of Physics Demonstrations ($)

Wake Forest U, Dept Physics, Online Demos

^ PHYSICS
DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

Wikipedia
Dimensional analysis
Fundamental unit
Natural units
Nondimensionalization
Similitude (model)

YouTube
Powers of Ten, Charles & Ray Eames

^ PHYSICS
DYNAMICS
also see.. §Mechanics§

Three-Body Scattering Qunitessential Complex System: North Dakota State U

^ PHYSICS
EDUCATION
also see.. AP Physics, Classroom Supplies, Demonstrations, Modeling, §TEACHERS (Science)§, Tutorials

The Bazaar Approach to Physics Education by Dick Furnstahl & Seth Rosenberg, Ohio State U, Physics

BQLearning.org Open Source Physics (OSP) curricular material, physlet/open source animation database, Browse by Subject & Physics Level

Center for Nanoscale Systems: Institute for Physics TeachersUse It! Links Cornell U
Equipment Lending Library for teachers who have received CIPT training

Dr. Benson's College Park High School, Links

Exploratorium, Teacher Institute

International Physics Olympiad Competition annual competition for secondary school students
• 2009
    º Theoretical Problem No. 1 Evolution of the Earth-Moon System ( Scribd.com Answers )

Adopt-a-Physicistconnects high school students with physics graduates via online message boards

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) About, Project 2061: Publications, Online Tools
Science for All AmericansUse It! online book, also in Spanish: Ciencia: Conocimiento para Todos
Benchmarks OnlineUse It!

American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) since 1930, ensuring the dissemination physics knowledge, particularly through teaching, Links
2010 U.S. Physics Team represent the United States at the International Physics Olympiad Competition
Advanced Labs at Compadre.org
American Journal of Physics from ( AIP)
Guidelines for Physics Programs High School
High School Physics Photo Contest
Local Sections
New Faculty Workshops
Physics First (pdf) AAPT Statement
the Physics Teacher Online from ( AIP)
Physics Teaching Resource Agents (PTRA) Program local professional development workshops
Powerful Ideas In Physical Science teaching tomorrow’s elementary educators
Teaching Resources
    º Guidelines for High School Physics Programs
    º HS Textbook Review, Parts 1: Introduction, 2: Active Physics, 3: Conceptual Physics

American Institute of Physics
The Physics Teacher Online (TPTO) subscription required, About

Annenberg Media Learner.org
Amusement Park Physics
Learning Science Through Inquiry
Mathematics and Science for All
The Mechanical Universe...and Beyond
    º Inertia
    º Newton's Laws
    º Vectors
A Private Universe why even Ivy League graduates don't really grasp basic science concepts
Science in Focus: Force and Motion

Arizona State U: Modeling Instruction Program research-based reform of physics instruction, all grade levels, support for physics teachers' professional growth
Research articles

Blogspot.com
Hake'sEdStuff

BQLearning.org, Search

Charles Henderson, Ph.D., Western Michigan U
Research-Based Instructional StrategiesUse It! for introductory quantitative physics

Classroom 2.0 free registration required
Physics and Web 2.0

Colorado State U, Physics: Little Shop of Physics
For Teachers ideas for Experiments
Stuff To Try fun and easy experiments

comPADRE Physics & Astronomy Education Communities, Digital Library is a network of free online resources for faculty, students & teachers in Physics & Astronomy Education

Comprehensive Conceptual Curriculum for Physics (C3P) Project, U Dallas
• CD-ROM available only through workshop participation
c3plab

Cornell U Laboratory for Elementary-Particle Physics: Education and Outreach
Physics First First Conference Held at Cornell by John L. Roeder

Federal Resources for Educational Excellence: Physics

Google Books, Books by by Arnold B. Arons

Harvard U, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Interactive Learning Toolkit implement teaching ideasas Peer Instruction & Just-in-Time-Teaching, monitor your students' learning

Helping physics students learn how to learn by Andrew Elby, U Maryland, Physics

Henry Foundation, Inc. at Johns Hopkins U
Henry, Richard Conn Professor: Publications
    º Circular motion usnig Newton to teach acceleration in uniform circular motion
    º Pythagorean Theorem

IPC Goes to the Movies (Integrated Physics and Chemistry)

Institute of Physics
Teaching Advanced Physics (TAP) detailed ideas & resources for teaching students aged 16-19

Intuitor.com succeed through creative learning, featuring local hex time
Basic Physics Savvy Quiz
Insultingly Stupid Movie Physics
The Physics of Resonance

Junior Engineering (K-6) from Utah State U, Lesson Plans, SiteMap
Teacher Workshop

Ken Newbery's Conceptual Physics (high school)

Kents Hill School Physics
Introduction to Physics or What is Physics and Why do I care?
Introduction to Physics or What is Physics and Why do I care?

ListServ.Aera.Net
Is Scientifically-based Education an Oxymoron? Reply to Eubanks From: Richard Hake

Los Alamos National Laboratory ( Library: Physics, Science-general ) Links
Teacher Resources
Automated e-print archives
Los Alamos Educational Equipment Gift Program (LEEG)

MathCasts.orgUse It! Math247 screencasts, where Creativity Counts!
Physics with GeoGebra

MIT Open CoursewareUse It! All Courses Index, Audio/Video Courses, governed by Creative Commons license: Physics
Teaching College-Level Science and Engineering
    º Selected Video DiscussionsUse It!

Mrs. Balch, Satellite High School
Physics Links

TheMathMaker.comUse It! Blogs & Forums, Links (mathcast & software), SiteMap
Documents for Teachers
Links
Newtonian Mechanics: Inclined Plane Problem
Phi-casts
    º Mathcast: Databases & Sites
Straightline Motion
    º Equations of Uniform Acceleration
    º Motion Graphs with QuickTake Presenter
    º Velocity-Time Graphs, with TI-SmartView & Captioned
    º Software: Math and Physics Software, Testing and Question Software...
Trigonometry and Precalculus
Vectors
    º Simple Vectors with ExamView

MathPages.com
Physics

NASA - Digital Learning Network DLiNfo Channel

NASA: For Educators, Find Teaching Materials
Rockets Educator Guide

NASA: Math & Science Resources
9th Grade Math Practice Questions Proficiency Test
Mathematical Thinking in Physics
Teacher's Corner

NASA, Practical Uses of Science and Math (PUMAS)

National Science Digital Library open source technology & standards, Browse
comPadre Physics and Astronomy Education Communities
Engineering Pathway K-12 teaching & learning resources: applied science & engineering, engineering technology, computer science/information technology, math
Exploratorium's Digital Library informal learning
K-12 Teacher Resources
MathDL MAA Mathematical Sciences Digital Library
Middle School Portal, About
funded by the National Science Foundation
Participate in NSDL events, network, contribute knowledge/resources
Teacher's Domain K-12 Video & Digital Media

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
Recommended Science Teaching MaterialsUse It! Search for textbooks, etc.
    º 9-12 Physics
Publications and Products
    º National Science Education Standards: National Science Education Standards

North Carolina State U, Physics Education Research Group
Assessment Instrument Information Page

NY Regents Examinations with solutions: Physical Setting/Physics • Science Reference Tables
    º Reference Tables for Physical Setting/PHYSICS 2002 (pdf)

Open Source PhysicsUse It! from Compadre.org, Browse by Subject

Physics2000.com ($10) physics courses on CD's, textbooks additional

the Physics Classroom
Multimedia Physics Studio
Physics Help
Tutorials

ThePhysicsFront.orgUse It! online resource Web Portal for teaching physics, SiteMap
• Search by Activity, Assessment, Labs, Lesson Plan

Physics Instructional Resource AssociationUse It! (PIRA) About, Forum
Demonstration Bibliography
File Sharing Gallery
Wiki

Physics Lab Online by Catharine H. Colwell, Site Instructions, Search, Table of Contents
Next-Time Questions to accompany Paul Hewitt's Conceptual Physics

Physics Teacher Education, Illinois State U
Journal of Physics Teacher Education Online
Resources

Physics Teacher Education Coalition (PhysTEC)
PTEC Library for physics teacher preparation

Physics Teacher SOS free workshops for new northern CA teachers, Contacts
from the Northern California and Nevada Section of The American Association of Physics Teachers
• Online Community: Discussion Group from Yahoo Groups
Increase Your Impact Teaching Physics

Research in Physics Education Richard Hake, U Indiana Physics
Socratic Dialog-Inducing (SDI) Labs (pdf) mechanics lab downloads

Richard N. Steinberg, Division of Science, City College of NY
Physics Education Activities
    º Physics Education Research Conference 2000: Teacher Education

Rutgers Physics and Astronomy Education Research Group modelling: “cognitive apprenticeship” learning processes of science rather than results, observing, modelling & doing; acquiring skills in “hypothetico-deductive reasoning”
Physics Teaching Technology Resource (Video Experiments)

Science and Mathematics Initiative for Learning Enhancement (SMILE) elementary & high school single concept lessons: Physics Index
Electricity & Magnetism
Fluids
Matter
Mechanics
Miscellaneous
Waves, Sound and Optics

Steve Lindaas, MN State U
Conceptual Physics Syllabus
Educator Resources
Kid Stuff

St. Louis Area Physics Teachers (SLAPT)
Teaching Resources

TeachersDomain.orgUse It!
Galileo's Inclined Plane ( QuickTime Video )
Galileo's Thought Experiment ( QuickTime Video )
Physical Science
    º Objects in Motion
    º Velocity and Acceleration

Teacher to Teacher, U.S. Dept Education
Teacher Workshops: Session Materials - Science
    º Session Materials - Math
    º Hands-on Math To Improve Understanding of Basic Functions
    º Learning To Use Graphing Calculators To Develop Key Concepts

TeachingDVD ($) from Richard Hake, Harvard U Galileo Project using peer instruction & just-in-time teaching
Puchase DVD from Pearson Education

Texas A&M U, Center for Mathematics and Science Education (CMSE)Use It!
Low-Cost Physics ActivitiesUse It! (Word Docs only)
Powerpoint Physics
Video Analysis Investigations for Physics and Mathematics

TiesMagazine.org The Magazine of Design & Technology Education, LInks
Archives

TryEngineering.org from IEEE & IBM
Games
    º Bridge Designer
Lesson Plans

U California, Berkeley, Center for Science Education: SEGway
Exploring Magnetism
    º Magnetism & Electromagnetism

U Michigan Open Educational Resources
PHYSICS 140 - General Physics 1 Creative Commons License
Lectures

U Minnesota, Physics & Astronomy, Physics Education Research & DevelopmentUse It!
Context Rich Problems
Cooperative Group Problem Solving, Download Cooperative Group Problem Solving by Pat Heller and Ken Heller
Problem Solving Labs, Download Laboratory Manuals

U New Mexico, STEM Education Outreach
Secondary Teaching in Mathematics & Science (STEMS) Graduate Program

Wikipedia
Physics First

WikiSpaces.com
Jay's Scratch Pad example physics class wiki

Yahoo Groups : PhysicsFirst
Physics First pamphlet


^ PHYSICS
ENERGY
also see.. §ENERGY & POWER§, §History of Thermodynamics & Energy§, §Engineering Thermodynamics & Heat Transfer§

DIRECTORIES-Energy
dmoz.org Open Directory | Google.com | Yahoo.com

HyperPhysics C.R. Nave, Georgia State U, including online calculators
Energy

Lightandmatter.com
Conservation of Energy by Benjamin Crowell

PhysicsWorld.com: What does energy really mean?
Scribd.com online publishing: Energy-for-Kids
PhysNet.org: Work, Power, Kinetic Energy (online pdf text) by John S. Ross, Rollins College

Wikipedia.org
    º Book:Energy
    º Category:Energy
    º Category:Energy conversion
    º Category:Energy development
    º Category:Energy measurement
    º Category:Energy models
    º Category:Energy in physics
    º Category:Energy publications
    º Category:Energy-related lists
    º Category:Energy technology
    º Category:Forms of energy
    º Category:People associated with energy
    º Category:Power (physics)
    º History of energy
    º Index of energy articles
    º List of negative energy articles
    º; Outline of energy
Binding energy
Chemical energy
Dark energy
Elastic energy, Elastic potential energy
Electromagnetic radiation
Energy
Energy management software
Energy storage
Energy transfer
Energy transformation
Forms of energy
Fuel cell
Gibbs free energy
Gravitational energy
Heat
Heat engine
Helmholtz free energy
History of energy
Internal energy
Ionization energy
Kinetic energy
Mechanical energy
Nuclear energy
Orders of magnitude (energy)
Perpetual motion
Potential energy
Power transmission
Primary energy as fuel
Radiant energy
Rest energy or Energy of Mass
Rotational energy
Statistical mechanics
Stress-energy tensor
Thermal energy
Thermodynamics
Work (physics)9
Work (thermodynamics)


^ PHYSICS


EQUATION MNEMONICS
also see.. §Memory @BRAIN§, §Mnemonics @EDUCATION§

Mnemonic Devices Physics from ICT4US.com free, fun, & information in a nutshell

Wikipedia
Defining equation (physics)
Physical quantity
User:FreeT: Physics Equations


^ PHYSICS
FAQS, FORUMS
American Institute of Physics (AIP) SiteMap
AIP UniPHY literature-based professional social networking site for physical science researchers, FAQ
    º Education & Educational aids
    º History of science
    º Find Researchers
The Physics Teacher Online (TPTO) subscription required, About

Argonne National Lab, NEWTON BBS: Ask A Scientist (K-12) Archive & Search, Physics
Absolute Zero and Molecular Motion
Centrifugal Force
Existence of Time
"Hooke's Law" and Rubber Bands
Quantum mechanics/relativity

Facebook.com : Physics Search results
John Baez's Stuff, Math Professor, U California, Riverside
Faqs.org: physics-faq

PhysicsForums.com: PF Lounge, General Discussion
Brain Teasers
    º Why do race cars use wide tires?
Finding Moment of Inertia of Infinitely Thin Hoop using a Double Integral

Usenet Physics FAQ
Open Questions in Physics


^ PHYSICS
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Los Alamos National Laboratory ( Library: Physics, Science-general ) Links
Teacher Resources
Automated e-print archives

Sandia National Laboratory ( SiteMap ): Education
Adventures in Math and Science (ASK)
    º High School Programs

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)

^ PHYSICS
FIELD

Wikipedia
Category:Fundamental physics concepts
Electric field
Electromagnetic field
Field (physics)
Magnetic field
Mean field theory


^ PHYSICS
FEYNMAN, RICHARD
also see.. Quantum, Videos

The Feynman Lectures on Physics Website (feynmanlectures.info)

Feynman Online
Google Videos Feynman
Physics

Lulu.com: TuvaMuch ($) a few free downloads
NobelPrize.org: Richard P. Feynman Biography
Vega Science Trust Videos
Richard Feynman (Online Videos) The Douglas Robb Memorial Lectures

Wikipedia
Richard Feynman
Feynman Lectures on Physics
    º One-electron universe

Wikiquote: Richard Feynman

YouTube
Richard Feynman: Disrepect for Authority


^ PHYSICS
FIND IT HERE
DIRECTORIES-Physics
dmoz Open Directory | Google | Virtual Library | Wikipedia | Yahoo

About.com (ads) Physics

arXiv.org e-Print archiveUse It! articles in Physics, Math & Nonlinear Sciences

Bookmarks for David J. Wright see (find) the "physics" entries...

CourseHero.com student learning network, shared problem solutions
Craville Studies links, tips & summaries for students, Forums
Physics

Educypedia: Physics

Eric Weisstein's World of ScienceUse It! About, FAQs
from Wolfrom Research Mathematica
Physics
    º Astrophysics
    º Electromagnetism
    º Experimental Physics
    º Fluid Mechanics
    º History and Terminology
    º Mechanics
    º Modern Physics
    º Optics
    º States of Matter
    º Thermodynamics
    º Units and Dimensional Analysis
    º Wave Motion

Internet Resources: Physics Association of College & Research Libraries

Federal Resources for Educational Excellence: PhysicsUse It!

Intute.ac.ukUse It! best websites for study & research: Physical Sciences
Astronomy
General Sciences
Mathematics
Physics

Jeff's Physics PageUse It! beginner Links, Tutorials, research

Librarians Index to the Internet: Physics
Mathtools.netUse It! computer programming Links for math & science

THE NET ADVANCE OF PHYSICS: MIT Encyclopædic Format Review Articles & Tutorials

Physical Sciences Resource Center, American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT)

ThePhysicsFront.orgUse It! online resource Directory for teaching physics, SiteMap
• Search by Activity, Assessment, Labs, Lesson Plan

PhysicsCentral.com - Links, Search
Physics Links U Utrecht, Germany
The Physics Page: Michael Cartwright, Shiloh High, Ga teacher

Physics Resource SiteUse It! Georgia Institute of Technology

Physics to Go Portal, Search, SiteMap
PhysicsWeb.orgUse It! Events, Links ( Education, Organizations, Reference ) News ( World ), Search
Articles
Buyer's Guide
Jobs
TIPTOP Virtual Lab & Java Applets Portal

Physlink.comUse It! About, Chat, Education, Forums, Links, Reference

Physics Virtual Library: Subjects
Atomic and Molecular
Classical Mechanics
Electromagnetism, Special Relativity
Elementary Particles and Fields
Experimental Physics: Measurement, Instruments and Apparatus
General Physics
Geophysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics
Interdiscipinary
Mathematical Physics
Nuclear Physics
Optics
Quantum Mechanics
Statistical & Thermodynamics

PhysicsWebA Hub!

PIRA Homepage Physics Instructional Resource Association

PSIgate Physical Science Information Gateway
Physics Gateway

Randy Knight, Cal Poly Physics Department
•http://calpoly.edu/~rknight/references.html"> Physics References

SEM: Science, Engineering, & Math Links:   U Delaware
Slack Central Presents: Physics Central a few links
TIPTOP The Internet Pilot to Physics

USB Buckyball Home Page

U Sydney Physics stage 6 Syllabus
The Age of Silicon
Applets and Shockwave Animations
Astrophysics
The Cosmic Engine
Electrical Energy in the Home
Geophysics
From Ideas to Implementation
Medical Physics
Motors and Generators
From Quanta to Quarks
Space
Software for use in the Physics Syllabus
The World Communicates

Yahoo Search: Physics@Science
WWW Virtual Library: Physics

^ PHYSICS
FUN FIZZEEKS & LAUGHING MAF

SodaPlay.com constructor, edit 2-D models of masses & springs, Search
Create
Play


^ PHYSICS
GEIGER COUNTER

Charles Edison Fund: Science Teaching Experiments Edison Awards Program
Chapter VIII. Nuclear Experiments (pdf) includes Experiment 8 below
EXPERIMENT 8 Build a Geiger Counter (A Class Project)

ElectronicFr.com - Microcontrolers, domotic & robotic
How to build a geiger counter with USB interface

GalacticElectronics.com Projects for the electronics hobbiest
Build this Geiger counter from commonly available parts (except the Geiger-Mueller tube)

Images SI, Inc. selling kits & instruments
Build Your Own Geiger Counter
Key Components

National Radiation Instrument Catalog to categorize every portable nuclear radiation instrument (1920 to 1960) About
Catalog

Wikipedia
Gaseous ionization detectors
Geiger counter with history
Geiger, Hans
Geiger-Muller tube
Geiger plateau
Ionization chamber
Liebson, Sidney H.
Scintillation counter
Walther Muller
Rutherford, Ernest


^ PHYSICS
GEOGEBRA

ellitech.ca by Will Elliott
Mr Elliott's Math Classes
Physics Materials using Geogebra
    º Convex Lens
    º Standing Waves
    º Superposition of Waves
Software for Senior Maths & Sciences

Geogebra.org: Wiki
Physics with GeoGebra

Google search
“geogebra physics”

Math247: Physics with GeoGebra
Cannonball in Vertical Motion - Free Fall

Mathcasts.org
Technology for Teaching “Thinking Mathematics”
Centroid, Ceva's Theorem & Median
Shooting a Cannonball 4 - Tilting Cannon & Explosion
Shooting a Cannonball 5 - Choose your planet!


^ PHYSICS
MAGNETOSPHERE, GEOMAGNETISM

British Geological Survey (BGS)
IGRF Model International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF), Online Access

International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, Division V-MOD Geomagnetic Field Modeling
International Geomagnetic Reference Field Model Source Code or Run Online

NASA, For Educators
Space Math sun-Earth system, specifically space weather

NASA IMAGE Edcuation Center
Earth's Magnetic Field and its Changes in Time
Exploring Magnetism
Introduction to GeomagnetismUse It!
The Magnetospheric System
Soda Bottle Magnetometer, HTML

NASA's RadRadiation Belt Modeling for Living with a Star
Education & Outreach ( 2 )

Student Observation Network (SON) magnetosphere network utilizing a classroom-built magnetometer
From Students

^ PHYSICS
GRAPHICAL METHODS

Arizona State U, Modeling Instruction Program for physics education: Mechanics curriculum Index
1-Sci Thinking
    º Unit I Reading - Graphical MethodsUse It!


^ PHYSICS
GRAVITY
also see.. Relativity

International Gravity Formula(e) & International Gravity Formula "Calculator" (Excel spreadsheet) by Judson L. Ahern, Professor Emeritus, Geophysics, U Oklahoma

U Tennessee, Knoxville , Physics & Astronomy: Astronomy 161
The Solar System
    º Sir Isaac Newton: The Universal Law of Gravitation

Wikipedia
Earth's gravity: Mathematical models
g-force
Gravitation
Gravitational acceleration
Gravitational constant
Newton's law of universal gravitation, Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica
Standard gravity


^ PHYSICS
HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
Glenbrook South: Physics
The Physics Classroom Tutorials

InspireHEP.netUse It! High-Energy Physics Literature Database, search

^ PHYSICS
HIGH SCHOOL & HIGH SCHOOLS
Annenberg Media Learner.org, Teacher Resources
Earth Revealed

Dr. John Benson, Woodlands College Park High, Links
SchoolWorld.com: Teacher Sites, Ms. Noel, Links

^ PHYSICS
IMAGES

American Institute of Physics, SiteMap
News: Physics News Graphics
Emilio Segrè Visual Archives photos/portraits


^ PHYSICS
INERTIA (MASS), MOMENT OF INERTIA (ANGULAR MASS or ROTATIONAL INERTIA)

Carlos R. Mera, Cerritos College: Physics 101L
Moment of Inertia

PhysicsForums.com: PF Lounge, General Discussion
Brain Teasers
    º Why do race cars use wide tires?
Finding Moment of Inertia of Infinitely Thin Hoop using a Double Integral

Wikipedia
Galileo Galilei: Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
List of moments of inertia
MassUse It!
Moment of inertia, Parallel axis theorem (moment of inertia), Radius of gyration
Newton's laws of motion: First Law


^ PHYSICS
INSTRUMENTS
also see.. §HISTORY of Science§

Clemson U: Physics Astronomy Educational Physics Laboratories, Physics Labs Tutorials
Online Stopwatch
How to use the vernier caliper

NTNU Virtual Physics Laboratory Java Simulations in Physics
Vernier Caliper and Micrometer with zero error options

Tommy Test Tubes Thomas J. Wdowiak, astrophysicist, U Alabama
Galvanometer build a real scientific instrument that measures electric current

Upscale undergraduate physics computing & learning environment
Reading a Vernier Caliper

Vernier Calipers

Vernier Software & Technology, Products & Software
Easy Products for data collection with TI-84 seried calculators
Go! Products instruments for computer data-collection
Lab Books
Lab Equipment
Logger Pro site license: all instructor computers & the student home computers
Packages
Sensors & Probes
Texas Instruments Calculator Products


^ PHYSICS
INTERDISCIPLINARY

Wikipedia
Category:Applied and interdisciplinary physics
Category:Acoustics
Category:Biophysics
Category:Geophysics
Category:Physical chemistry
Category:Materials science
Category:Mechanical engineering
Category:Medical physics
Category:Physical oceanography
Category:Self-organization
Category:Soil physics
Applied physics
Engineering physics
Medical physics


^ PHYSICS
KEPLER

The Living Mathematics Project from U British Columbia Math
Kepler's Laws Applet by David Austin


^ PHYSICS
KIDS

Google Search
"physics for kids" site:*.edu

Physics Circus from U California Physics
Fun Physics Sites

TryScience.org: Experiments

Wonders of Physics Traveling Show
Collapsing a Can
Make a Pinhole Camera
Measure the Speed of Light using your Microwave
Reaction Time


^ PHYSICS
KINEMATIC EQUATIONS

Glenbrook High School: The Physics Classroom Tutorial
Describing Motion with Words Introduction to the Language of Kinematics
    º Acceleration
    º Distance and Displacement
    º Speed and Velocity
    º Vectors & Scalars
Kinematic Equations and Problem-Solving

PhysicsClassroom.com
One Dimensional Kinematics

Wikipedia
Classical mechanics
Equations of motion
Kinematics


^ PHYSICS
KALUZA-KLEIN PARTICLES

Amazon.com
Warped Passages: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Universe's Hidden Dimensions by Lisa Randall

Google Scholar Search: kk particles

Harvard U, Physics Dept
Lisa Randall, Book Reviews
Google University Search: Harvard) Lisa Randall


^ PHYSICS
LABS
also see.. §Electricity§, §Error Analysis (MATH)§, Equipment, Instruments, Supplies Video Analysis

Activities by Eric Muller

ActivPhysicsOnline from Pearson Education (pearsoned.com)

Alliance to Save Energy
Generate Your Own Hydropower & build a galvanometer

American Institute of Physics, Scitation Labs, SiteMap
Physics Teacher Magazine online
    º Physics Labs with Flavor, Mikhail M. Agrest

Arizona State U, Modeling Instruction ProgramUse It! Links
Action Research, Resources, Equipment for the Modeling Classroom (pdf's)
    º Experimental Design and Graphical Analysis of Data
    º Graphs as a Problem-Solving Tool
Mechanics curriculumUse It! Index
    º Intro stuff: Lab Scoresheet, Lab Write-up Checklist, Writing the Physics Lab Report
    º 1-Sci Thinking: Unit I Reading Graphical Methods, Significant Figures
Modeling Instruction in High School Physics, Chemistry, Physical Science, and Biology
    º Lab-practica/physics Index: Lab Practicum in Modeling, Practicum Dynamics (word)
    º Lab PracticumsUse It! Book: Practicums for High School Physics Teachers, Order Form or Henry Ryan: email ryanx064@umn.edu, ph (651) 490-0619

Beth Hacker PhD, Texas Tech U Physics: Courses
Phys 1403 Mechanics , Fluids, Waves & Sound Labs ( with readings pretests & exercises)
    º Unit 1 One-Dimensional Motion Graphing and Mathematical Modeling
PHYS 1404 Electricity & Magnetism

The Book of PhyzUse It! by Dean Baird, AP Physics guides, jobs, labs, demos, question & problem sets

Boston U Physics: Undergraduate Physics LaboratoriesUse It! On-line Lab Manual and Pre-lab Assignments with simulations
Graphical Analysis and Errors
• Angular Momentum: Lab, pre-Lab
• Collisions: Lab, pre-Lab
• Constant Acceleration: Lab, pre-Lab
• Energy Conservation: Lab, pre-Lab
• Energy and Work: Lab, pre-Lab
• Fluids Lab, pre-Lab
• Forces Between Carts: Lab , pre-Lab
• Friction: Lab, pre-Lab
• Heat, Mechanical Equivalent of: Lab, pre-Lab
• Heat, Specific: Lab, pre-Lab
• Projectile Motion: Lab, Pre-lab
• Simple Harmonic Motion Lab, pre-Lab
• Simple Harmonic Motion - PASCO: Lab, pre-Lab
• Torque and Moments of Inertia: Lab, pre-Lab

Brockport High School Science Department
Physics Labs
AP Physics Labs

California State U Northridge: Equipping the Laboratory
Chapter 5 - Employing Scientific Methods
Chapter 7 - Thinking Critically & Resolving Misconceptions
Chapter 16 - Diagramming and Visualizing Problems in Science

California State U Northridge: Mr. Lyle's Canyon Physics
• Capacitor
    º Capacitance and Plate Separation
    º Capacitor Charge, Plate Separation, and Voltage
    º Dielectrics
• Circuits
    º Series and Parallel Circuits
    º Verification of Ohm’s Law
• Optical Bench
    º Finding focal lengths of lenses and mirrors
    º Refraction, Critical Angle, Total Internal Reflection, and Chromatic Aberration

Center for Nanoscale Systems: Institute for Physics Teachers, Links, Cornell U
Labs & Lending Library (pdf's)
Bohr Model Game
Is the Light Bulb Too Good to be True?
The Phantastic Photon
Teacher's Guide Cosmic Rays and Cloud Chambers & Building a Cloud Chamber

Clemson U Physics Labs, Physics Instructional Laboratories
223 -- Calculus-based Thermodynamics and E & M 223 Physics Lab

Clemson U: Physics Astronomy Educational Physics Laboratories, Physics Labs Tutorials
Excel Tutorials
Online Stopwatch
Hooke's Law and Simple Harmonic Motion
On-line Laboratories
    º Acoustic Resonance
    º Calculation of pi experiment
    º How to use the vernier caliper

CollegeBoard.com: AP Central, Search AP Central: Physics
AP Physics (pdf) general information
• Labs
    º AP Physics Lab GuideUse It! ($) Purchase (pdf)
    º Labs Criteria, Format, Ideas
    º Hooke's Law Lab
    º Position-Time Graph of a Pendulum
    º Projectile Motion

Columbia U Physics, Physics Lab Webpage
Error Analysis TutorialUse It!
Example Lab Report format
Experiments in Physics Physics 1291, General Physics I Lab Manual
    º Uncertainty, error & best fit lines using pendulum, reaction time, forces, parallax, springs
    º Experiment 1-3 Velocity, Acceleration & g: constant velocity & constant acceleration with air-track, coefficient of restitution
    º Experiment 1-4 Geometrical Optics I: Introduction
    º Experiment 1-5 Geometrical Optics II: Thin Lenses
    º Experiment 1-6 Geometrical Optics III: Optical Instruments
    º Experiment 1-7 Conservation of Momentum with air trough & ballistic pendulum
    º Experiment 1-8 Projectile Motion and Conservation of Energy, estimating friction loss, general kinetic energy with rotation, parabolic trajectory
    º Experiment 1-9 Standing Waves
    º Experiment 1-10 Specific Heat and Mechanical Equivalent of Heat
Experiments in Physics Physics 1493/1494/2699 calculus based

Compadre.org: Advanced Labs
• Forums
    º Classifieds
    º Equipment Wanted
Lab Manuals browse or search
Software
Supplements articles, tutorials, links: General Physics

DenOfInquiry.com ($) lab activities books for introductory physics, Vol. 2 Uses Vernier sensors with Logger Pro or Fathom
Hanging Slinky Lab
Linearizing Data

Doane College Dept of Physics
Download Flash-VidDat code for personal use
Humanized Physics ProjectUse It! Lab Activities (Word documents)
    º Biomechanics and Human Motion
    º Human Senses and Interactions In Nature Hooke's Law
Plucked String Video Clips
Video Library

Eberly College, Physics 201B, Professor Carl A. Rotter
Exploratories
    º Electrostatics Activities for Students

Exploratorium
Snacks miniature low-cost classroom materials based on exploratorium exhibits

Free/Libre Open Source Science EducationUse It! alt - FloScience.com
Clever Hacks
    º The physics of Christmas tree lights - don't buy light bulbs!
    º Hand Crank Generator build it for $9
Electronic Bookshelf electronics course
Probeware on a Budget sneaky uses for free software & cheap tech toys
    º Non-Contact Thermometer (Harbor Freight Tools $7-$10) possible labs or demos
    º Photogate Experiments
    º Sound Science

Front Range Community College
Density and Archimedes Principle Physics 211 — Laboratory 9

Google Search
make a capacitor site:*.edu
make a voltaic pile site:*.edu
moving-vane electroscope lab site:*.edu

Indiana U, Physics: Socratic Dialog-Inducing (SDI) Labs guided construction, hands-and-heads-on introductory mechanics experiments
SDI Lab #0.1. Frames of Reference, Position, and Vectors
SDI LAB #0.2. Introduction to Kinematics
SDI LAB #1. Newton's First and Third Laws
SDI #2 Pre-Lab Assignment Operational Definitions of Kinematic Terms
SDI LAB #2. Newton's Second Law
SDI LAB # 3. Circular Motion and Frictional Forces
SDI LAB #4. Rotational Dynamics
SDI LAB #5. Angular Momentum
SDI LAB #6. Newton's Second Law Revisited
SDI LAB #7: Newton's Laws Revisited

Instructables.com
• More Open Source Science:
    º Cheap, Easy Light Probe photogate
    º Determine the Acceleration due to Gravity

KineticBooks.com, Demo
Virtual Labs

Lansignburgh Scouts
How to Make a Quality Fire Piston 1/8 in brass nipple pipe, 1/8 brass cap, 1/4 Bolt 6 in long, 1/4 OD x 1/8 ID x 1/16 thick O rings, JB Weld
Cut O Ring Groove in Bolt-Piston (video)
Fire Cloth insertion & pressure stroke
Making Char Cloth

Laserpablo.com by Paul Robinson physics teacher, author, baseball fan
Teacher Resources Teacher SOS (PTSOS) workshops
Videos

Makezine.com
What a capacitor is and how to make one Video

Millersville U, Physics
Experiment of the Month Archive

Molecular Expressions, Florida State U: Education
For Students
    º Try Sci! science activities
For Teachers
    º Emergent Labs

Mr. Stanbrough's Classes Physics & AP Physics at Batesville Community School Corporation
Physics - Lab Safety Rules
TI-89 “How To...” Index
Your AP Physics Lab Book

NationalLabDay.org
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST.gov), Physics Laboratory

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA): The Science Teacher, NSTA Conncetions
Constructing your digital thermometer ($10 materials) a step-by-step approach using an LM35DZ or LM35 (Kelvin) sensor and multimeter

NIST.gov, Physics
Guidelines for Evaluating and Expressing the Uncertainty of NIST Measurement Results
Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty
    º Essentials of expressing measurement uncertainty

North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, Advanced Physics Labs
Error Analysis (pdf)

PhET Interactive SimulationsUse It! virtual labs, About
Source Code is at unfuddle Physics Education Technology, Subversion client required
Teacher Ideas & Activities

Philip B. Allen, Stony Brook U
Modern Physics PHY 251
Modern Physics Lab, Error Analysis

Physics Education at U VirginiaUse It! 8th Grade Standards of Learning (SOL)
Activities
    º Balloon Electroscope, Static Elecricity Background Information, Data Sheet
    º Conductor or Insulator?
    º Convex Lenses
    º Electrolysis of Water
    º Electromagnets, Data Sheet
    º Indirect Measurement: 1, 2
    º Introduction to Static Electricity, Student Activity Sheet
    º Investigating Magnetic Fields
    º The Magnetic Field
    º Neon Bulbs and Motion of Charge

ThePhysicsFront.orgUse It! online resource Directory for teaching physics, SiteMap
Search for Laboratories choose from Conceptual, Algebra-based, AP, etc.

Physics Lab Online by Catharine H. Colwell: Labs
• APC Mechanics: Pendulum
• Circular/Oscillatory Motion
    º Kepler's Laws
    º Oscillating Springs
• Dynamics
    º Coefficient of Friction
    º Falling Coffee Filters terminal velocity
    º Hooke's Law
    º Inelastic Collision - Velocity of a Softball
    º Loop the Loop
• Introductory Mathematics
    º Circumference and Diameter with Error Analysis
    º Density of a Paper Clip
    º Home to School
    º Size of the Moon, Distance to the Moon
    º Size of the Sun Distance to the Sun
    º Earth's Circumference
• Kinematics
    º Bullseye Lab projectile
• Linear Momentum
    º Photoelectric Effect Analogy
• Rotary Motion
    º Moment of Inertia of a Bicycle Wheel

Radio, Electronics and Computing Projects by Hans SummersUse It!
Homemade Components
    º Homemade batteries
    º Homemade Capacitors

Research in Physics Education Richard Hake, U Indiana Physics (pdf's)
Curriculum Vitae with links
Introduction to SDI Lab Teacher's Guides
Socratic Dialog-Inducing (SDI) Labs
Socratic Dialogue Inducing (SDI) Laboratory Workshop
Some P201 Course Materials

PracticalPhysics.orgUse It! enabling physics teachers to share classroom experiments
Forces & Motion
    º Introduction to forces, constant, moving force
    º Constant and varying forces between trucks

Physics Resources and Instructional Strategies for Motivating Students (PRISMS) guide with over 130 activities using easily obtainable, inexpensive materials can become the lab component to any physics program, student evaluation & testing program
from U Northern Iowa
How the Program Operates
Resources & Teachers Guide

Dr. Robert W. Arts, Pikeville College
Physics 223: Laboratory Assignments
    º The Atwood Machine & Newton's 2nd Law

Rice U, Documentation Sharing
Elementary Physics Laboratory

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Experiment in Physics
Appendix 8: The Articulation of Theory: Weak Interactions

StarDate.org U Texas, McDonald Observatory outreach, SiteMap
Lesson Plans don't miss the Enrichment Activities
    º Build a Spectroscope
    º Mirror Mirror
    º Super Gelatin find the index of refraction

St. Lawrence U, Daniel W. Koon, Labs
Open Ended LabUse It! ideas

St. Louis Area Physics Teachers (SLAPT)
Teaching ResourcesUse It!
• Labs
    º Experimental Development of Quantitative Energy Expressions (pdf)
• Low-cost/build it yourself lab equipment & Labs
    º LED Photoelectric Effect Apparatus build it for $60-80
    º Motion Lab Equipment
Newsletter Archives
    º Lenz's Law Demo & Electroscope
    º Lorentz ForceDemo by Semyon Volshteyn
    º Modeling Instruction in High School Physics, J. Mark Schober
    º A Primer on Soldering by Paul Discher
    º Problem-solving: The Interface Between Math and Physics, Tom Foster
    º Smoke Tank for Optical Demonstrations by Paul Discher

Texas A&M U, Center for Mathematics and Science Education (CMSE)
Family Math & Science Night
Low-Cost Physics ActivitiesUse It! (Word Docs only)

Thomas B. Jones Professor of Electrical Engineering
Electrostatics Demonstrations
    º Electrophorus and Accessories
    º Simple Leaf Electroscope Accessories

Tommy Test Tubes science experiments in your home, Thomas J. Wdowiak, astrophysicist, U Alabama
Building your own laboratory chromatography experiment
Galvanometer build a real scientific instrument that measures electric current
Magnetic motion build a linear electric motor
Seeing infrared heat and light experiments
Stick to it build a D-cell electromagnet
Twisting the tale of light build a polariscope, polarized light

Triboelectric Generation: Getting Charged Ryne C. Allen

U California, Berkeley: Physics 111 Advanced Laboratory Wiki
Error Analysis Exercise
Error Analysis Notes

U Florida Physics
Advanced Physics Lab PHY 4803L, Fall 2006: Chaos

U Maryland, Physics Education Research Group (PERG), International Commission on Physics Education
Finding the Speed of Light with Marshmallows A Take-Home Lab

U Minnesota, Physics & Astronomy, Physics Education Research & Development
Context Rich Problems
Cooperative Group Problem Solving
    º Problem Solving Labs: Lab Manual DownloadsUse It! with Teacher's Guides

U Penn, Undergraduate Physics LabsUse It! Experiments
• Introduction to Measurement Part 1, Part 2
The Thin Lens and the Telescope

U Toronto, Undergraduate Physics Students' Computing and Learning Environment (UPSCALE), HarrisonUse It!
Error Analysis in Experimental Physical Science by Cliff Swartz or see pdf version & Assignment Form
Reading a Vernier with simulation

Wildwood Survival, Wilderness Survival
Fire

WildwoodSurvival.com, Wilderness Survival: Fire
Fire from a Can of Coke and a Chocolate Bar
Fire by "Cans" Part II
Model T Fire Piston
Fire Piston Video

Xannah.org Xannah Appled Science & Engineering
DataPoint free (Windows) 2-d Video Frame-Grabbing & Video Motion Analysis Software for the classroom

YES Mag The Science Magazine for Adventurous Minds
Projects you can do at Home
    º Home-Made Fire Extinguisher baking soda & vinegar to carbon dioxide
    º Lightning in a Pan
    º Paper Chromatography
    º Poppin' Rockets baking soda & vinegar, film
    º Stereo-Eo-Eo-Eo build a stereoscope
    º Hot and Cold Chemistry simple exothermic & endothermic reactions


^ PHYSICS


LASER

Rp-Photonics.com: Encyclopedia of Laser Physics and Technology
Focul Length


^ PHYSICS
LEAST ACTION

Wikipedia
    º Category:Principles
Action (physics)
z Fermat, Pierre de (1601 or 1607/8-1665)
    º Fermat's principle
Functional (mathematics)
Maupertuis, Pierre Louis (1698-1759)
    º Maupertuis' principle
Principle of least action
Variational principle

Wikisource
Accord between different laws of Nature that seemed incompatible by Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis


^ PHYSICS
LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS

Wikipedia
    º History of superconductivity
    º Timeline of low-temperature technology
Liquefaction of gases


^ PHYSICS
MECHANICS

Wikipedia
    º Category:Classical mechanics
    º History of classical mechanics
    º List of equations in classical mechanics
    º Motion graphs and derivatives
Analytical dynamics
Bucket argument
Circular motion
Classical mechanics
Coriolis effect
D'Alembert's principle
Euler's laws of motion
Friction
Galilean invariance
Gravitational two-body problem
History of classical mechanics
Inelastic collision
Inertia
Inertial frame of reference
Kinematic diagram
Mass
Mechanical similarity
Modified Newtonian dynamics
Mohr's circle
N-body problem
Newtonian dynamics
Newton's laws of motion
Principle of least action
Reaction (physics)
Rotary inertia
Simple harmonic motion
Stress (mechanics)
Theory of impetus
Two-body problem
Virtual displacement
Virtual work


^ PHYSICS
MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS)
also see.. NanoTechnology

AllAboutMEMS.com, About
Reference Library bibliographic sites, articles, references & books


^ PHYSICS
MODELING (EDUCATION)
also see.. Education

American Modeling Teachers Association
Resource Room

Arizona State U, Modeling Instruction Program, LinksUse It!
Action Research, Resources, Equipment for the Modeling Classroom (pdf's)
    º Effects of Developing Kinematics Concepts Graphically Prior to Introducing Algebraic Problem Solving Techniques
    º Experimental Design and Graphical Analysis of Data
    º Graphs as a Problem-Solving Tool
    º Rounding Up Students' Conceptions on Circular Motion
Cognitive Instruction in Mathematical Modeling (CIMM)
Critical Role for Physicists in K-12 Science Education Reform
Modeling Instruction in High School Physics, Chemistry, Physical Science, and Biology
    º Lab Practicums, Order Form, Mounds View High School, 1900 W. County Road F, New Brighton, MN 55112; ph: (612) 633-4031 (612) 633-4031
Malcolm Wells (Quicktime Movie) originator of Modeling Instruction
Mechanics curriculum Index
    º Intro stuff: Lab Scoresheet, Lab Write-up Checklist, Writing the Physics Lab Report,
    º Modeling Instruction Program Participant Courseware
Modeling Cycle
Modeling Instruction: the jazz approach to high school physics by Dave Braunschweig
Modeling Methodology for Physics Teachers David Hestenes' seminal pape
Preconceptions in Mechanics: Lessons Dealing with Students' Conceptual Difficulties ($) book by Charles Camp, John Clement...

dabih.org Classromm site
John Burroughs School, Science: ModelingPhysics.org by Mark Schober
Information for Teachers on Modeling Instruction
Modeling Instruction In High School Physics (2)
for Teachers Directory of files and documents

National Science Teachers Association: Store
Exemplary Science in Grades 9-12: Standards-Based Success Stories, Editor: Robert E. Yager

Rutgers Physics and Astronomy Education Research Group modelling: “cognitive apprenticeship” learning processes of science rather than results...
• observing, modelling & doing; acquiring skills in “hypothetico-deductive reasoning”
Physics Teaching Technology ResourceUse It! (Video Experiments)
Scientific Abilities
    º Articles
    º Design Experiments LabsUse It! (Algebra based) includes Estimating experimental uncertainty
    º Formative Assessment Tasks
    º Kits: Mechanics
    º Modeling Tasks: Mechanics
    º Rubrics
    º Scientific abilities/assessment


^ MUSIC
MUSIC & NOISE
also see.. §MUSIC & SOUND PERCEPTION§, WAVES
ChuaSoundMusic Chua's Oscillator: Applications of Chaos to Sound & Music
MIT Media Lab
Wikipedia
    º Category:Noise
    º List of noise topics
Noise (audio)
Pattern recognition
    º Fractal
    º Normal distribution
    º Log-normal distribution
Pink noise


^ PHYSICS
MUTUAL SYNCHRONIZATION OF COUPLED OSCILLATORS

Georgia Tech, Research News:
Out of Time: Researchers recreate 1665 clock experiment to gain insights into modern synchronized oscillators

International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), OE Magazine
Hyugens's clocks mystery revisited

Predicting Life's Subtle Rhythms from the Georgia Tech Alumni Association Magazine, Spr 97
The Royal Society, Publications - The mystery of Huygens' clocks explained
Science News - Staying in Step

U Minnesota, Institute for Mathematics and its Applications (IMA)
Emerging Applications of Dyanamical Systems, Pattern Formation in Continuous and Coupled Systems
    º Josephson Arrays: Puzzles and Prospects


^ PHYSICS
NEWS, JOURNALS, ARTICLES
also see.. §Science & Technology News§

“The Alternate View” columns of John G. Cramer
American Institute of Physics (AIP) SiteMap
News ( Graphics, Links, Update )
Physics News Update

American Institute of Physics: Scitation
The Physics Teacher journal
American Journal of Physics

American Journal of Physics

American Physical Society: Journals
Physical Review Letters

Astronomy Picture of the Day NASA's

Directory of Open Access JournalsUse It!
Mathematics and Statistics
Physics and Astronomy
Science General

JSTOR scholarship & teaching archive; access from thousands of libraries & institutions

MathPages.com: Physics

MIT's The Tech online
PFC results said to deal blow to fusion claims by David P. Hamilton

Physical Sciences Resource Center, Sitemap
Physlrnr - Physics Learning Research List Archive

The Physics Teacher journal
PhysicsWorld.com
PhysOrg.com: Physics News

PhysicsToday.org publication of The American Institute of Physics, About, FAQ
Career Centers

Science Daily research results from US universities
arXiv.org Open Access to e-prints in physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance & statistics

NEWSGROUPS
^ PHYSICS
PHASE DIAGRAMS
also see.. §Thermodynamics§

Davidson College Chemistry Resources: Virtual Chemistry ExperimentsUse It! David N. Blauch, Downloads
Phase Changes
    º Heating Curve
    º Vapor Pressure
    º Phase Diagrams: Part 1 Introduction
    º Phase Diagrams: Part 2 Phase Transitions
    º Phase Diagram: Part 3 Phase Transitions caused by a Change in Pressure
    º Phase Diagram: Part 4 Triple Point
    º Phase Changes Phase Diagram: Part 5 Critical Point
    º Phase Diagram Concepts

Purdue u Dept Chemistry: Visualization and Problem Solving for General Chemistry
States of Matter
What Is a Liquid?
    º Critical Temperature and Pressure
    º Phase Diagrams

U Southampton: Phase Diagrams for alloys tutorial & lever-rule calculation with self-test questions, Glossary
Introduction

Wikipedia
Phase diagram
Enthalpy of fusion (heat of fusion, melting/solidification)
Phase (matter) (see enthalpy, state of matter)
Boiling point
Condensation, Condenser (heat transfer)
Critical point (thermodynamics), Supercritical fluid
Enthalpy: Enthalpy of fusion (heat of fusion), Enthalpy of vaporization (heat of vaporization or evaporation)
Liquidus
Melting point
Phase diagram
Phase space
Phase transition
Solidus (chemistry)
Supercooling
Triple point


^ PHYSICS
LAY PHYSICS, PHILOSOPHY, POPULARIZERS
also see.. Books, §HISTORY of Science§, §PHILOSOPHY§

Bety Devine's Blog wife of Frank Wilczek

Edge.org, About,
Search
Devine, Betsy wife of Frank Wilczek
Krauss, Lawrence M.
    º The Energy of Empty Space that isn't Zero
    º How do you Fed-Ex the Pope?
Wilczek, Frank

FrankWilczek.com
Press kit, contact information, resources


^ PHYSICS
PHYSICAL QUANTITIES

Wikipedia
Category:Physical quantities


^ PHYSICS
PLASMA

Coalition for Plasma Science
Educational Material
Teacher'S Guide to Plasma Science Resources

FusEdWeb Fusion Energy Education
PlasmasUse It! the Fourth State of Matter

IPPEX Online the Interactive Plasma Physics Education Experience
Ask a Physicist
Fusion, Glossary of Fusion Terms
Interactive Shockwave Physics
Virtual Magnetic Stability Module
Virtual Tokamak

Plasma on the Internet Web Portal

Plasma Science and Technology
Basics
Exhibition
Resources & Worldwide Links

Wikipedia
Alfven, Hannes
Aurora (astronomy)
Electric arc
Fire
Geomagnetic storm
Magnetohydrodynamics
Plasma (physics)
Plasma modeling
Plasma oscillation
    º Plasmon
Plasma parameters
St. Elmo's fire
Solar wind
Van Allen radiation belt


^ PHYSICS
PORTRAITS

Images of Physicists from Harry N. Nelson

^ PHYSICS
PROBLEM SOLVING

Electronic Universe Dr. DarkMatter's
Physics Courses
    º Physics problems

Solving Problems in Physics by Daniel F. Styer, Oberlin College

^ PHYSICS
QUANTUM GRAVITY
also see.. Quantum Physics, String Theory

arXiv
Ashtekar, Abhay
Bekenstein, Jacob
Penrose, Roger
Smolin, Lee
Unruh, William G.

Books
• Milo Wolff
    º Exploring the Physics of the Unknown Universe: An Adventurer's Guide
    º Schroedinger's Universe And The Origin Of The Natural Laws

Kansas State U, Visual Quantum Mechanics project, explorations of the quantum world for non-science students
Simulations

SpaceAndMotion.comUse It! Philosophy Note: use extreme right slider (there are 2 on the right, 3 total) to view the main page
Solving Nature's Mystery Milo Wolff
    º On the Spherical Wave Structure of Matter and the Origin of the Natural Laws.
    º Explaining the Particle Wave Duality of Light and Matter with the Wave Structure of Matter (WSM)

Wikipedia
Ashtekar, Abhay
Bekenstein, Jacob
Hawking, Stephen
Penrose, Roger
Smolin, Lee
Susskind, Leonard (1940)
Unruh, Bill
Eugene Wigner (1902-1995)
    º Wigner's friend)
Zeilinger, Anton

Wikipedia
Graviton
Holographic principle
Loop quantum gravity
Quantum gravity
String theory
Wigner's friend


^ PHYSICS
QUANTUM PHYSICS
also see.. §CHEMISTRY§, Feynman, §Light & Optics§, §Physical CHEMISTRY§,
Quantum Gravity, Particle Physics, Spectroscopy, Twistor Theory

CaltechBOOKUse It! Physics
Lectures on Quantum Physics and Applications online Book, Paul E. Dimotakis (1980)

E.F. Schubert, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Electrical, Computer & Systems Engineering
Physical foundations ECSE-6960

Absorption and Emission of Radiation by an Atom Demo: Interactive Physics and Math with Java
Atomic Structure and Radioactivity
Basics of Quantum Mechanics: U California, San Diego
A Brief Review of Elementary Quantum Chemistry C. David Sherrill: U Georgia
Classical, Quantum, Nanoscale & Statistical Mechanics & Thermodynamics Educational Sites Links

Dr Quantum at YouTube Videos
Double Slit Experiment
Entanglement
Flatland

Edwin F. Taylor author of texts in introductory mechanics, quantum mechanics, special & general relativity
Article Downloads: Quantum
    º Feynman Diagrams

E.F. Schubert, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Electrical, Computer & Systems Engineering
Physical foundations ECSE-6960 online book

FredAlanWolf.com
Articles, Interviews, Papers
Ask Dr. Quantum
Audio Courses ($) Dr. Quantum
Books
Fred Alan Wolf Blog at Blogspot.com

Fundamental Theory Notes Config Interaction, Coupled-Cluster, Hartree-Fock, Integral Calc's, Relativity

Google Books (quantum books for the general reader)
Krauss, Lawrence Maxwell
    º Hiding in the Mirror: The Quest for Alternate Realities, from Plato to String Theory
Von Baeyer, Hans Christian
    º Taming the Atom
Wilczek, Frank
    º Lightness of Being
    º Longing for the Harmonies: Themes and Variations from Modern Physics
Wolf, Fred Alan
    º Taking the quantum leap: the new physics for nonscientists

Hands-on Atom: SciTech Interactive Science Center

Henry Foundation, Inc. improved worldwide understanding of physics at Johns Hopkins U
Henry, Richard Conn Professor: Publications
    º The mental Universe The only reality is mind and observations, but observations are not of things.

History and Foundations of Quantum Physics
Publications
Talks at the HQ-1 Conference

A history of Quantum Mechanics: University of St Andrews

HyperPhysicsUse It! C.R. Nave, Georgia State U, including online calculators
Quantum Physics

Java Applets for quantum mechanics Manuel Joffre, France
Lecture Topics: The Center for Computational Quantum Chemistry
Mark's Quantum Mechanics Applets by Mark Sutherland
Millikan Drop Experiment slideshow: Lee Burnett & Mike Lee

MIT Open Courseware: All Courses Index - PhysicsUse It!
Introduction to Modeling and Simulation: Video Lectures from Part II: Quantum Mechanical Methods by Jeffrey C. Grossman

Modern and Contemporary Physics, U.C. Berkeley Physics Lecture Demonstrations
Molecular Modeling & Molecular Mechanics classical & quantum mechanics, slides, Links

NanoHubUse It! created by the NSF-funded Network for Computational Nanotechnology: Teach & Learn
Courses
    º AQME Advancing Quantum Mechanics for Engineers
nanoHUB-U transcending disciplines, short, accessible science & engineering courses
Resources: Tools
Simulate modeling & simulation online tools

Nature: Milestones
Spin & Spin Timeline

NewDualism.org
The Mental Universe by Richard Conn Henry, the only reality is mind and observations

NIH Guide to Molecular Modeling: Center for Molecular Modeling, US NIH

Orbitals.com
Grand Orbital Table

PearsonHigherEd.com, publisher
Physlet Quantum Physics: ($) An Interactive Introduction, CDROM & Paperback by Mario Belloni, Wolfgang Christian, Anne Cox

PhET simulations @ U Colorado
Quantum Phenomena
    º Photoelectric Effect

Princeton University Press (books)
QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter (Alix G. Mautner Memorial Lectures) by Richard Phillips Feynman
    º Chapter 1

quanten-atomphysik Links: U Würzburg, Germany
Quantum Physics Online presentation utilizing Applets
Physics 2000 ( Applets) interactive journey through modern physics: U Colorado, Boulder
Schrödinger Wave Equation Simulation applet, numerical solution, simulation: Boston U Physics

Stanford U: QwikiUse It! quantum physics wiki

The Strange World of Quantum Mechanics by Daniel F. Styer, Oberlin College

Todd Stedl, U Washington, Chemistry, Theoretical Groups
Intro to Quantum Mechanics

Visual Quantum MechanicsUse It! Shockwave Programs, NSF funded

Quantum Physics I: U Wisconsin-Milwaukee online course
Wave Particle Duality Queen Mary, U London, UK

What The Bleep do We Know? documentary film
DVD with trailers
Down the Rabbit Hole extended 15 hr version

What is Quantum Physics? - Jim's Homepage & Interactive Physics

Wikipedia (People)
A. E. Becquerel (1820-1891)
    º Photoelectric effect
Bell, John Stewart (1928-1990)
    º Bell's theorem
Bohm, David (1917-1992)
    º Aharonov-Bohm effect
    º De Broglie–Bohm theory causal interpretation of quantum mechanics
    º Hidden variable theory
    º Implicate and explicate order according to David Bohm
    º Science, Order, and Creativity
    º Wholeness and the Implicate Order
Bohr, Niels (1885-1962)
    º Bohr model
    º Copenhagen interpretation
Boltzmann, Ludwig (1844-1906)
    º Boltzmann distribution
    º Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution
    º Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics
Born, Max (1882-1970) see matrix mechanics
Bose, Satyendra Nath (1894-1974)
    º Bose-Einstein condensate
    º Bose-Einstein statistics
    º Boson
Capra, Fritjof (1939)
    º The Tao of Physics
Compton, Arthur (1892-1962) see scattering
    º Compton scattering
    º Compton wavelength
Crookes, William (1832-1919)
    º Cathode ray (electrons)
    º Crookes radiometer
    º Crookes tube
    º Plasma (physics)
    º Vacuum tube
de Broglie, Louis (1832-1919)
    º particle wavelength is inversely proportional to its momentum & frequency is proportional to its kinetic energy
    º De Broglie-Bohm theory
    º Matter wave (de Broglie wave/hypothesis)
    º Wave-particle duality
Dirac, Paul (1832-1919)
    º Dirac equation
    º Fermi-Dirac statistics
Dyson, Freeman (1923)
Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)
    º EPR paradox (Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen)
    º Photoelectric effect
Everett, Hugh III (1930-1982)
    º Many worlds interpretation
    º Universal Wavefunction
Fermat, Pierre de (1601 or 1607-1665)
    º Fermat's principle
Fermi, Enrico (1832-1919) see Fermion
    º Fermi-Dirac statistics
    º Fermi gas Fermion
Feynman, Richard (1918-1988)
    º Feynman Lectures on Physics
    º One-electron universe
Hamilton, William Rowan (1805-1865)
    º Hamiltonian mechanics
    º Hamiltonian (quantum mechanics)
Heisenberg, Werner (1901-1976) see matrix mechanics
    º Uncertainty principle
Hero of Alexandria (c.10–70 AD) light travels shortest length & least time
Hertz, Heinrich observed photoelectric effect
Huygens, Christiaan (1629-1695)
    º Huygens-Fresnel principle
Jeans, James Hopwood (1877-1946)
    º Rayleigh-Jeans law
Jordan, Pascual (1902-1980) see matrix mechanics
Kirchhoff, Gustav (1824-1887)
    º Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation
Lamb, Willis (1901-1976)
    º Lamb shift
Maupertuis, Pierre Louis (1698-1759)
    º Maupertuis' principle
    º Principle of least action
Maxwell, James Clerk (1831-1879)
    º Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution
    º Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics
    º Maxwell speed distribution
Henry Moseley (1887-1915)
    º Moseley's law
Emmy Noether (1882-1935)
    º Noether's theorem derived conserved quantities from symmetries
Pauli, Wolfgang (1879-1955)
    º Pauli exclusion principle
Penrose, Roger (1931)
    º The Emperor's New Mind
    º The Road to Reality
    º Shadows of the Mind
Planck, Max (1879-1955)
    º Planck constant
    º Planck postulate
    º Planck's law
Rayleigh, 3rd Baron or John William Strutt (1842-1919)
    º Rayleigh-Jeans law
Rydberg, Johannes (1854-1919)
    º Rydberg constant
    º Rydberg formula
    º Rydberg-Ritz combination principle
Russell, John Scott (1808-1882) first to observe and reproduce a solitary wave
    º Soliton or wave of translation
Schrodinger, Erwin (1887-1961)
    º Schrodinger equation
    º Schrodinger picture
    º Schrodinger's cat
Sommerfeld, Arnold (1868-1951) introduced the fine-structure constant into quantum mechanics
    º Fine-structure constant
Thomson, J. J. isotopes & electron discovery, invented mass spectrometer
Wien, Wilhelm (1864-1928)
    º Wien approximation
    º Wien's displacement law
Eugene Wigner (1902-1995)
    º Wigner's friend extension of Schrödinger's cat, quantum mind/body problem
Wolf, Fred Alan (Dr. Quantum or Captain Quantum) science educator & popularizer
Young, Thomas (scientist) (1773-1829)
    º Young's interference experiment
Zeeman, Pieter (1865-1943)
    º Zeeman effect
Zeno of Elea (ca.490–ca.430 BC)
    º Zeno's paradoxes

Wikipedia
    º Basic concepts of quantum mechanics
    º Category:Foundational quantum physics
    º History of molecular theory
    º History of the periodic table
    º History of quantum field theory
    º History of quantum mechanics
    º Introduction to quantum mechanics
    º List of dualities
    º List of quantum chemistry and solid-state physics software
Antimatter
    º Antiparticle
    º Positron (antiparticle of the electron)
Atom
    º Atomic nucleus
    º Electron, Fermi gas
Black body
Bose-Einstein condensate
Bose-Einstein statistics
Boson
    º Gauge boson
    º W and Z bosons
Bra-ket notation
Cathode ray (electrons)
Complementarity (physics)
Compton scattering
Compton wavelength
Conduction band
Conjugate variables
Copenhagen interpretation
Correspondence principle quantum mechanical systems behavior reproduces classical physics in the limit of large quantum numbers
Cosmic ray
Crookes radiometer
Crookes tube
Davisson–Germer experiment
De Broglie-Bohm theory causal interpretation of quantum mechanics
Delocalized electron
Determinism
Dirac equation
Double-slit experiment
Duality (mathematics)
    º Wave-particle duality
Electromagnetic wave equation
Electron excitation
Energy
    º Energy level
EPR paradox (Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen)
Fermi-Dirac statistics
Evanescent wave
Fermi-Dirac statistics
Fermi gas
Fermion
Feynman Lectures on Physics
Field electron emission
Fine-structure constant
Force carrier
Fundamental interactions (4)
    º Electromagnetism
    º Gravitation, Graviton
    º Strong interaction
    º Weak interaction
Hamiltonian (quantum mechanics)
Hidden variable theory
Hyperfine structure
Implicate and explicate order according to David Bohm
Incompleteness of quantum physics
Indeterminism
Interpretations of quantum mechanics
Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation
Lamb shift
Lepton
    º Electron
    º Electron neutrino
    º Muon
    º Muon neutrino
    º Tauon
    º Tauon neutrino
Many worlds interpretation
Mass
    º Invariant mass (rest mass)
Mass-energy equivalence
Mass spectrometer
Matter wave (de Broglie wave/hypothesis)
Matrix mechanicsUse It! 1925 quantum formulation by Heisenberg, Born & Jordan interprets particle properties as evolving matrices; equivalent to Schrodinger equation
Matter
Matter wave (de Broglie wave)
Moseley's law
Noether's theorem derived conserved quantities from symmetries
Nuclear physics
Old quantum theory 1900–1925
    º Bohr model
One-electron universe
Particle accelerator
    º List of accelerators in particle physics
Particle physics (High energy physics), List of particles, Standard Model, Subatomic particle, Timeline of particle discoveries
    º Antimatter
    º Baryon
    º Beta particle
    º Boson (see Boson) W and Z bosons
    º Electron
    º Elementary particle
    º Fermion (see Fermion)
    º Force carrier
    º Gauge boson
    º Hadron particle made of quarks held together by the strong force
    º Lepton (see Lepton)
    º Meson
    º Neutrino
    º Neutron
    º Nucleon
    º Particle decay
    º Pion (pi meson)
    º Point particle
    º Positron (antiparticle of the electron)
    º Proton
    º Quark (see Quark)
    º Spin (physics)
    º Strong interaction (Strong force)
    º Weak interaction (Weak force)
Pauli exclusion principle
Perturbation theory (quantum mechanics)
Photoelectric effect
    º Work function
Photon (light quantum)
Physical paradox
Planck constant
Planck postulate
Planck's law
Principle of least action
    º Maupertuis' principle
Principle of locality
Quantization (physics)
Quantum
Quantum chemistry
    º Relativistic quantum chemistry
Quantum chromodynamics
Quantum computer
Quantum computer
Quantum electrodynamics
    º Gauge boson
    º Gauge theory
Quantum entanglement
Quantum field theory
    º Annihilation
    º Electron-positron annihilation
Quantum information science
Quantum mechanics
    º Basic concepts of quantum mechanics
    º Copenhagen interpretation
    º Introduction to quantum mechanics
    º Interpretation of quantum mechanics
Quantum mind-body problem
Quantum mysticism
Quantum number
Quantum state
Quantum superposition
Quantum teleportation
Quantum tunnelling
Quark
    º
Bottom quark
    º Charm quark
    º Color confinement
    º Down quark
    º Flavour (particle physics)
    º Strange quark
    º Top quark
    º Up quark
Radiation pressure
Radioactive decay
    º Beta decay, Beta particle
Rayleigh-Jeans law
Renormalization techniques for eliminating undesireable infinite values
Scattering
    º Compton scattering
    º Scattering theory
Schrodinger equation
Schrodinger picture
Schrodinger's cat
Schrodinger's cat in popular culture
Semiclassical physics
• Software (Schrodinger equation solvers)
    º ABINIT solids
    º GAMESS (US) molecules
    º NWChem molecules
    º PWscf solids
    º SIESTA (computer program) solids
Soliton
Spectroscopy
Spin-1/2
Spin (physics)
Standard Model (see Particle physics)
Statistical mechanics
• Statistics
    º Bose-Einstein statistics
    º Fermi-Dirac statistics
Stimulated emission
String theory
Strong interaction (Strong force)
    º Gluon
Subatomic particleUse It!
Superposition principle
Symplectic vector space
Transformation theory (quantum mechanics)
Ultraviolet catastrophe
Ultraviolet divergence
Uncertainty principle (Principle of Indeterminism)
Universal Wavefunction
Vacuum tube
Wave function
    º Klein-Gordon equation
Wave-particle duality
Weak interaction (Weak force)
    º W and Z bosons

YouTube.com
Muon Ray
    º Quantum Entanglement Documentary - Atomic Physics and Reality


^ PHYSICS
RADIO WAVES
also see.. Waves

Wikipedia
Antenna tuner
Amateur radio
AM broadcasting
Amplitude, Amplitude modulation (AM)
Antenna (radio)
Bandwidth (signal processing)
Branly, Edouard
Carrier wave
Cat's-whisker detector
Center frequency
Coherer
Clockwork radio
Crystal oscillator
Crystal radio
Diode
Electric field
Electrical telegraph
Electromagnetic radiation, Electromagnetic spectrum
Electromagnetic wave equation
Electronic amplifier
Fessenden, Reginald
Frequency, Frequency allocation, Frequency modulation, Frequency range
FM broadcasting, FM broadcast band
Heinrich Hertz
High fidelity
Inductor
Lodge, Oliver Joseph
Loudspeaker
Magnetic field
Marconi, Guglielmo
Maxwell, James Clerk, Maxwell's equations, A dynamical theory of the electromagnetic field
Modulation, Demodulation, Single-sideband modulation
Muirhead, Alexander
Oscillation
Phase modulation
Radar
Radio, Radio broadcasting, Radio frequency, Radio modem, Radio spectrum, Radio waves, Radio propagation, Two-way radio
Receiver (radio)
Rectifier
RF connector
Period versus frequency
Resonance, Resonator
Sine wave
Spark-gap transmitter
Telecommunication
Telegraphy, Wireless telegraphy
Tesla, Nikola, Wardenclyffe Tower
Transmission coefficient
Tuner, Electronic tuner, Tuner (electronics), Tuner (radio), Tuner (television)
Ultra high frequency (UHF), Very high frequency (VHF)
War of Currents
Wave, Continuous wave, Longitudinal wave, Transverse wave, Wave equation, Waveform, Wavelength, Wave propagation, Wave velocity
Wireless
Wireless energy transfer


^ PHYSICS
RADIOACTIVITY
Atomic Structure and Radioactivity

^ PHYSICS
RELATIVITY
also see.. Cosmology, §Geometry§, §History of Science§, §Tensors§, §TIME§, Twistor Theory, Varying c

Albert Einstein and the Theory of Relativity Use It!

American Institute of Physics, Center for History of Physics: Einstein - Image and Impact
How Did Einstein Discover Relativity? by John Stachel

Andrew Hamilton's, Special Relativity ( Glossary )
Fitzgerald-Lorentz Contraction

Archive.org, Audio
    º Search Relativity
    º Search William Kingdon Clifford
The Concept of Nature Alfred North Whitehead, 1919
Einstein and His Miraculous Year (Groks Science Show) Charles Lee & Frank Ling
Einstein's Relativity Scott V. Burger
Field equations in teleparallel spacetime: Einstein’s Fernparallelismus approach towards unified field theory, Tilman Sauer
Hilbert's 'World Equations' and His Vision of a Unified Science Ulrich Majer, Tilman Sauer
Relativity: The Special and General Theory Albert Einstein
Science and Hypothesis Henri Poincare
Some Turns of Thought in Modern Philosophy Santayana, George (see Revolutions in Science)

Archive.org Public Domain BooksUse It! Search Relativity
Einstein's theory of relativity Max Born, 1922 ( pdf)
A history of the theories of aether and electricity: from the age of Descartes to the close of the nineteenth century, Whittaker, E. T. (1910)
The principle of relativity with applications to physical science Alfred North Whitehead, 1922 ( pdf )
The mathematical theory of relativity Eddington, Arthur Stanley (1923) ( pdf)
The reign of relativity Richard Burdon Haldane, 1922 ( pdf)

arXiv.org
Albert Einstein's 1916 Review Article on General Relativity Tilman Sauer
Geometrodynamics: Spacetime or Space? development of the notion of geometrodynamics, E. Anderson
Lecture Notes on General Relativity Sean M. Carroll, one semester for beginning graduate students

Autotheist's Corner - Bondi K-Calculus derive effects of special relativity using basic mathematics

Cambridge Relativity

C.a.R. - Version for Java (free source, GNU Lic.) compass & ruler construction software by R. Grothmann
Installation & Download
Demo Applets - see Poincaré GeometryUse It!

ClassicalMatter.orgUse It! Dr. Robert A. Close

The Cosmological Constant evolution, Links, references, relativity: by Eli Michael, U Colorado, Boulder

Cyberia from U Illinois
Science for the Millennium, Movie Index
    º Spacetime Wrinkles onlnine exhibition

DavidBodanis.com, author of E = mc2: A Biography of the World's Most Famous Equation
Relativity (old site) :
• 1 - Light Cones or the Past and the Future
• 2 - Einstein's Contraction Factor
• 3 - Merging Space and Time
• 4 - Derive E=mc2 using only High School Math
• 5 - Einstein and Du Chatelet

David N. Jamieson, U Melbourne, Physics: 640-245 Electromagnetism and Special Relativity
The Twin Phenomenon
Why do Magnetic Forces Depend on Who Measures Them?

Dr. Patrick Moylan - Physics
Online Books Links
Relativity

Einstein Archives Online original documents with a few English translations
Database
Digitized Manuscripts for English Translation click DBinfo icon
    º Folder 1-1(a)
Finding Aid & Biographical Timelline

Einstein Light award-winning introduction, non-technical multimedia modules with & without math, U New South Wales, Physics

Einstein Papers Project (no documents online)

European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE)
EAAE - IAU Summer Schools network for teachers interested in Astronomy: Astronomical WorkshopsUse It! Contents
    º Roemer and the Velocity of Light

Fermilab Ecucation Office
Physics 212 Electricity & Magnetism
    º Special Relativity
Topics of Interest
Web-based Instructional Materials

Foundations by Greg Egan, Index, Links, SiteMap
Special Relativity
From Special to General

Fourmilab Switzerland, Sitemap see Physics
Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon its Energy-Content? A. Einstein Sep 27, 1905
On the Electrodynamics of Moving BodiesUse It! ( pdf )by A. Einstein, June 30, 1905
Interactive Experiments in Gravity

GAP - Groups, Algorithms, Programming - a System for Computational Discrete Algebra
History Topics: Mathematical Physics Index
    º Special relativity

Google Books: subject:“Relativity (Physics)” Public Domain onlyUse It!
Brose, Henry Leopold & Freundlich, Erwin
    º The Foundations of Einstein's Theory of Gravitation 1922
    º The Foundation of Einstein's Theory of Gravitation 1922
Carr, Herbert Wildon
    º The General Principle of Relativity in its Philosophical and Historical Aspect 1920
Carmichael, Robert Daniel
    º The Theory of Relativity 1920
Carus, Paul & Bradley, James
    º The Principle of Relativity in the Light of the Philosophy of Science 1913
Clifford, William Kingdon
    º The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences 1907 see On the Bending of Space, p. 214
Conway, Arthur William
    º Relativity 1915
Cunningham, Ebenezer
    º Relativity and the Electron Theory 1915
    º Relativity, the Electron Theory, and Gravitation 1921
Dalton, John Patrick
    º The Rudiments of Relativity 1921
Dingle, Herbert
    º Relativity for All 1922
Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley
    º Space, time and gravitation: an Outline of the General Relativity Theory 1921
    º Stellar Movements and the Structure of the Universe 1914
Einstein, Albert
    º Relativity: the special and general theory Albert Einstein, 1921
    º Relativity: the special and general theory 1920 with Lawson, Robert W.
    º Einstein's Theories of Relativity and Gravitation: a selection of material... 1921
Haldane, Richard Burdon (1st Viscount Haldane)
The Reign of Relativity 1922
Harrow, Benjamin
    º From Newton to Einstein: changing conceptions of the universe 1920
Hickson, Gerrard
    º Kings dethroned: a history of the evolution of astronomy 1922
Hinton, Charles Howard
    º An Episode of Flatland: or How a Plane Folk Discovered the Third Dimension; to Which is Added an Outline of the History of Unaea 1907
    º The Fourth Dimension 1906
    º A New Era of Thought 1888
Hudgings, William Franklyn
    º Introduction to Einstein and Universal Relativity 1922
Isaacson, Walter
    º Einstein: His Life And Universe
Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon
    º The Einstein Theory of Relativity: a Concise Statement
    º The Theory of Electrons and its Applications to the Phenomena of Light and Radiant Heat
• Manning, Henry Parker
    º The Fourth Dimension Simply Explained: a Collection of Essays Selected from those Submitted in the Scientific American's Prize Competition 1910
Masius, Morton & Rougier, Louis Auguste Paul
    º Philosophy and the New Physics: an Essay on the Relativity Theory and the... 1921
    º The theory of heat radiation with Planck, Max
McAdam, Dunlap Jamison
    º Einstein's relativity: a criticism 1922
Murnaghan, Francis Dominic
    º Vector analysis and the theory of relativity
Robb, Alfred Arthur
    º Optical Geometry of Motion: a New View of the Theory of Relativity, 1911
Sampson, Ralph Allen
    º On Gravitation and Relativity 1920
Schlick, Moritz
    º Space and Time in Contemporary Physics: an Introduction to the Theory of Relativity and Gravitation 1920
Schmidt, Harry & Wichmann, Karl
    º Relativity and the Universe: a Popular Introduction into Einstein's Theory... 1922
Silberstein, Ludwik
    º Elements of the electromagnetic theory of light 1918
    º Elements of vector algebra 1919
    º Projective vector algebra 1919
    º Report on the quantum theory of spectra 1920
    º The Theory of General Relativity and Gravitation 1921
    º The Theory of General Relativity and Gravitation 1922
    º The Theory of Relativity 1914
    º Vectorial mechanics 1913
Slosson, Edwin Emery
    º Easy Lessons in Einstein: a Discussion of the More Intelligible Features... 1920
Spillman, William Jasper
    º A theory of gravitation and related phenomena 1915
Tolman, Richard Chace
    º The Theory of the Relativity of Motion 1917
Weyl, Hermann
    º Space-Time-Matter 1922

Google Books
Einstein: His Life and Universe by Walter Isaacson, 2008
Gravitation Charles W. Misner, Kip S. Thorne, John Archibald Wheeler, 1973
Space, Time, and Spacetime by Lawrence Sklar (for non-specialists) 1977

Graduate Level Course Notes and Tutorial Papers Related to General Relativity: U Washington

Gravitational Lenses

Gravity Probe B: Testing Einstein's Universe 52 yr NASA Project at Stanford U
confirms Einstein's relativistic geodetic & frame-dragging effects • Introductory Video
Stanford's Gravity Probe B confirms two Einstein theories from Stanford U News
Summary of Final GP-B Experimental Results
    º Press Conference, NASA Headquarters
    º Update Part I
    º Update Part II

The Great Puzzle online book by Bjorn Ursin Karlsen, introduction
pdf document download

Gutenberg.org
Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955
    º Relativity: The Special and General Theory (audio) Albert Einstein, 1916 ( pdf, ASCII txt )
    º Sidelights on Relativity, 1921
Whitehead, Alfred North, 1861-1947

Henry Foundation, Inc. at Johns Hopkins U
Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon its Energy Content? Albert Einstein
Henry, Richard ConnUse It! Professor: Publications
    º Mass Does Not Increase with Velocity
    º Stellar Aberration
    º Teaching Special Relativity: Minkowski trumps Einstein
    º Where does E = mc2 come from? ( alt pdf )
Invisibility of the Lorentz Contraction James Terrel, 1959
The Nature of the Physical World Eddington

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Proper Time, Coordinate Systems, Lorentz Transformations
Time
Time Supplement
What Science Requires of Time

John de Pillis, U California Math
Special Relativity Introduction to the Animations

John D. NortonUse It! History and Philosophy of Science Dept, U Pittsburgh
Einstein for Everyone book
Einstein's Miraculous Argument of 1905: The Thermodynamic Grounding of Light Quanta
Goodies
    º Atoms Entropy Quanta
    º Chasing a Beam of Light: Einstein's Most Famous Thought Experiment
    º Einstein's Statistical Physics of 1905
    º The Fastest, Simplest, Quickest Derivation Ever of the Ideal Gas Law
    º How big is an atom?
    º How did Einstein Discover the Relativity of Simultaneity?
    º How Did Einstein Think?
    º How Einstein Changed the Way We Think About Science
    º From the Magnet and Conductor to the Relativity of Simultaneity
    º The Three Principal Problems of Philosophy of Modern Physics
    º Time Really Passes
History of General Relativity and Gravitation
    º A Conjecture on Einstein, the Independent Reality of Spacetime Coordinate Systems and the Disaster of 1913
    º The Cosmological Woes of Newtonian Gravitation Theory
    º Einstein, Nordstrom and the early Demise of Lorentz-covariant, Scalar Theories of Gravitation
    º Einstein and Nordstrom: Some Lesser Known Thought Experiments in Gravitation
    º How Einstein Found His Field Equations: 1912-1915 - Sections 1-4, Sections 5-8
    º Nature in the Realization of the Simplest Conceivable Mathematical Ideas: Einstein and the Canon of Mathematical Simplicity
    º Out of the Labyrinth: Einstein, Hertz and Göttingen Answer to the Hole Argument
    º A Peek into Einstein's Zurich Notebook
History of Special Relativity and Einstein's Work of 1905
    º Atoms Entropy Quanta: Einstein's Statistical Physics of 1905
    º Chasing the Light: Einstein's Most Famous Thought Experiment (draft)
    º Discovering the Relativity of Simultaneity: How Did Einstein Take 'The Step'
    º Einstein's Investigations of Galilean Covariant Electrodynamics prior to 1905
    º Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity and the Problems in the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies that Led him to it (preprint)
    º How Hume and Mach Helped Einstein Find Special Relativity & Addendum
Papers, Publications and Manuscripts
    º Mach's Principle before Einstein

Laboratorio di Relativita (Italian) Francesco Manzo

The Light ConeUse It! An Illuminating Introduction (with illustrations) to Relativity by Rob Salgado, Syracuse U, Physics
Introduction The Light Cone
Maxwell and the Electrodynamic Theory of Light

Living Reviews in Relativity journal, About, Help, Search
• Articles
    º by Author
    º by Subject
    º by Volume
Feedback/Blog
Lectures
Newsletter Mailing List free subscription
Top Cited Reviews
    º The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment Clifford M. Will

MathPages.com: Reflections on RelativityUse It! online book, Table of Contents
2.5 Stellar Aberration

Marxists.org
Relativity The Special and General Theory, Albert Einstein Reference Archive

MathPages.com: Physics
Does Relativistic Mass Imply Special Relativity?
Primer on Special Relativity
Reflections on Relativity online book
Why Maxwell Couldn't Explain Gravity

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
The Third Way to General Relativity Jurgen Renn

Mead Project 2.0 at Brock U, Project Inventory Arranged by Author
Science and Hypothesis by Henri Poincare

Michel JanssenUse It! history of modern physics, U Minnesota (also see transcripts for Talks)
From Classical to Relativistic Mechanics: Electromagnetic Models of the Electron
• A Comparison between Lorentz's Ether Theory and Special Relativity in the Light of the Experiments of Trouton and Noble (Dissertation)
    º Title/TOC
    º Intro
    º Intro (Part I)
    º Chapter 1
    º Intro (Part 2)
    º Chapter 3
    º Chapter 4
    º References
    º IntroII.pdf
Drawing the Line Between Kinematics and Dynamics in Special Relativity
'No Success Like Failure': Einstein's Quest for General Relativity
Of Pots and Holes: Einstein's Bumpy Road to General Relativity
Presentism and Relativity
Reconsidering a Scientific Revolution: The Case of Einstein versus Lorentz
Relativity (preprint)
The Trouton Experiment, E = mc2, and a Slice of Minkowski Space-Time ( Video )
The twins and the bucket: How Einstein made gravity rather than motion relative in general relativity
Untying the Knot: How Einstein Found His Way Back to Field Equations Discarded in the Zurich Notebook
What Did Einstein Know and When Did He Know It? A Besso Memo Dated August 1913

Millennium Relativity argues on flaws in foundations of SRT

MIT Open CoursewareUse It! All Courses Index, Audio/Video Courses, governed by Creative Commons license: Physics
8.224 Exploring Black Holes: General Relativity & Astrophysics: Videos & Lecture Notes

NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day ( Index) - Virtual Trips to Black Holes and Neutron Stars

NASA, Mission Pages: Gravity Probe B
NASA's Gravity Probe B Confirms Two Einstein Space-Time Theories

Ned Wright's Cosmology Tutorial: UCLA, FAQ
Relativity Tutorial

NonEuclidUse It! Hyperbolic Geometry Article & free Java Compass & Ruler Applet, Relativity
by Joel Castellanos, U New Mexico, Joe Dan Austin & Ervan Darnell of Rice U
Area
Axioms and Theorems
Disk and Upper Half-Plane Models
Pseudosphere
Parallel Lines
The Shape of Space & Einstein's General Theory of Relativity
What is Non-Euclidean Geometry?
X-Y Coordinate System

PBS.org, Mysteries of Deep Space
History of the Universe Timeline clickable

Peter Dunsby,
Publications at arXiv.org
Teaching Programme
    º Dynamics course, Pocast Videos
    º Tensors & Relativity online course

PhilSci Archive, U Pittsburgh
Branching space-times, general relativity, the Hausdorff property, and modal consistency Muller, Thomas
Brown and Janssen on the Arrow of Explanation in Special Relativity Gorski, Matthew
Einstein’S First Systematic Exposition of General Relativity Janssen, Michel
Einstein's Unified Field Theory Program
A logic road from special to general relativity Andreka, Hajnal and Madarasz, Judit X
Matter from space Giulini, Domenico
Is the relativity principle consistent with classical electrodynamics? Towards a logico-empiricist reconstruction of a physical theory Gomori, Marton & Szabo, Laszlo E.
Lorentzian theories vs. Einsteinian special relativity - a logico-empiricist reconstruction Szabo, Laszlo E.
Mass-Energy-Momentum: Only there because of Spacetime? Lehmkuhl, Dennis
Should we represent the present in Minkowski spacetime? Dorato, Mauro
Time of Philosophers, Time of Physicists, Time of Mathematicians Besnard, Fabien
The twins and the bucket: How Einstein made gravity rather than motion relative in general relativity Janssen, Michel

Physics Virtual Library: Subjects
Electromagnetism, Special Relativity

Relativity on the World Wide Web Portal
• by Chris Hillman (Ph.D., Math); maintained by John Baez, Math Professor, U California, Riverside
Evidence, Research Frontiers & Inaccurate Claims
Expository Posts
Further Reading
Software, tensor manipulation
Tutorials & Coursework online ( Undergraduate, Graduate )
Visualization

Relativity Tutorials Chris Hillman: U Washington

Robert (Bob) B. Howlett, U Sydney, School of Mathematics and Statistics
Aspects of Symmetry

Shlomo Sternberg... Creative Common License Books by, U Harvard, Math
Semi-Riemann Geometry and General Relativity, 2003

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Absolute and Relational Theories of Space and Motion
Being and Becoming in Modern Physics
Causal Determinism
Conventionality of Simultaneity
Cosmological Argument
Einstein's Philosophy of Science
Early Philosophical Interpretations of General Relativity
The Equivalence of Mass and Energy
Eternity
The Experience and Perception of Time
Galilei, Galileo
Hermann Weyl
The Hole Argument
Identity Over Time
Immutability
The Incommensurability of Scientific Theories
Mach, Ernst
Newton, Isaac
Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica
Newton's Views on Space, Time, and Motion
Nineteenth Century Geometry
Popper, Karl
Religion and Science
Quine, Willard van Orman
Relativism
Scientific Explanation
Scientific Progress
Scientific Revolutions
Singularities and Black Holes
Space and Time: Inertial Frames
Symmetry and Symmetry Breaking
Thermodynamic Asymmetry in Time
Thought Experiments
Time
Time Machines
Time Travel and Modern Physics
The Unity of Science
Whitehead, Alfred North

Stanford U, Dept Aeronautics & Astronautics, Links
Prof. Ilan Kroo
    º Physical and Epistemological Foundations of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity -- A Critique and Alternative View

Syracuse U, Physics: Relativity Group
Relativity: bookmarks

Tilman SauerUse It! Caltech Humanities and Social Sciences
Heuristics and Mathematical Representation in Einstein's Search for a Gravitational Field Equation Jurgen Renn & Tilman Sauer
Pathways out of Classical Physics Jurgen Renn & Tilman Sauer

Utrecht U Physics, Lectures General Relativity by Gerard 't Hooft

U Colorado, Boulder, CASA: ASTR 3740: Relativity & Cosmology
Andrew Hamilton - publications
• Links - Cosmology, Relativity & Black Hole
Tour of Special Relativity

U Virginia, Physics Dept: Physics 252: Modern Physics Lecture Notes by Michael Fowler

VectorSite.net (Greg Goebel / In The Public Domain) Search, SiteMap
The Asimov Project
    º Elementary Relativistic Physics

Wikipedia.org: Relativity
    º Category:Aether theories
    º Category:General relativity
    º Category:Geometry
    º Category:Minkowski spacetime
    º Category:Relativity
    º Category:Special relativity
    º Category:Symmetry
    º Category:Tensors in general relativity
    º Category:Theories of gravitation
    º History of classical mechanics
    º History of gravitational theory
    º History of general relativity
    º History of gravitational theory
    º History of Lorentz transformations
    º History of special relativity
    º Timeline of gravitational physics and relativity
    º Timeline of luminiferous aether
Aberration of light
    º Relative frame of reference for aberration of light
Absolute space and time
Absolute time and space
Action at a distance (physics)
Aether theories
    º Aether (classical element)
    º Aether drag hypothesisUse It!
    º Einstein aether theory
    º Lorentz ether theory
    º Luminiferous aether
    º Timeline of luminiferous aether
Affine connection
Angular momentum
    º Einstein-Cartan theory
    º Spin (physics)
Binary pulsar orbital decay & gravitational radiation predicted by Einstein’s equations
Birkhoff, George David (1884-1944)
    º Birkhoff's theorem
Bunch-Davies vacuum & Bunch-Davies state: geodesic observer is in a zero-particle state
Causality conditions
Civita, Tullio Levi- (1873-1941) contriutions to tensor calculus and its applications to the theory of relativity, pupil of Ricci
Classical mechanics
    º History of classical mechanics
Clifford, William Kingdon (1845-1879) writings on the bending of space were first to promote gravitation as a manifestation of geometry
    º On the Space-Theory of Matter
Classical mechanics
Coordinate system#Transformations
    º Galilean transformation
    º Lorentz transformation
    º Transformation matrix
Covariant transformation
Curvature invariant (general relativity)
Eddington, Arthur Stanley (1882-1944)
Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)
    º Annus Mirabilis papers
    º Einstein aether theory
    º Einstein-Cartan theory
    º Einstein field equations
    º Einstein manifold
    º Einstein notation
    º Einstein Papers Project
    º Einstein tensor
Energy
Equivalence principle
Electromagnetic field
Equivalence principle
Euclidean space
Event (relativity)
Event horizon
Faraday, Michael
Faster-than-light (Superluminal)
Fictitious force, Centrifugal force, Coriolis effect
Field (physics)
Fizeau, Hippolyte (1819-1896)
    º Fizeau experiment
    º Fizeau-Foucault apparatus
FitzGerald, George 1889 proprosed length contraction of all moving objects in direction of motion to account for Michelson-Morley experiment
Force carrier
Force field (physics)
Fourth dimension
Frame of reference
    º Inertial frame of reference
    º Non-inertial reference frame
    º Preferred frame
    º Rotating reference frame
Frame-dragging
Free space
Fresnel, Augustin-Jean (1788-1827) 1818 proposed aether is partially entrained by matter
Alexander Friedmann (1888-1925) 1922 discovered the expanding-universe solution to the field equations; the 3 Friedmann models described positive, zero & negative curvature
Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker metric (FLRW) an exact solution of the field equations describing a homogeneous, isotropic expanding or contracting universe
Galilei, Galileo
    º Galilean Invariance (Galilean Relativity)
General Relativity
    º Equivalence principle
    º History of general relativity
    º Introduction to general relativity
    º Mathematics of general relativity
    º Tests of general relativity
Geodetic effect de Sitter effect, geodetic or de Sitter precession; effect of the curvature of spacetime on a vector carried with an orbiting body
Geometry
    º Absolute geometry
    º Analytic geometry
    º Differential geometry
    º Elliptic geometry
    º Euclidean geometry
    º Euclidean space
    º Hyperbolic geometry
    º Non-Euclidean geometry
    º Riemannian geometry
    º Solid geometry
    º Transformation geometry
Gravitation
    º Action at a distance (physics)
    º Equivalence principle
    º Gravitational energy
    º Gravitational field
    º Gravitational lens
    º Gravitational singularity
    º Gravitational time dilation
    º Gravitational wave
    º Graviton
    º History of gravitational theory
    º Le Sage's theory of gravitation
    º Mechanical explanations of gravitation
    º Newton's law of universal gravitation
    º Speed of gravity
Gravitation (book) (MTW) “bible of general relativity” by Charles W. Misner, Kip S. Thorne & John Archibald Wheeler, 1973
Gravitational time dilation
    º Shapiro delay
Gravitational wave
    º Gravitational redshift
    º Internal wave
Gravity Probe A measured the rate change of a clock in lower gravity & the equivalence principle
Gravity Probe B confirmed the geodetic effect to 1%
    º Geodetic effect or de Sitter effect/precession; effect of the curvature of spacetime on a vector carried with an orbiting body
Hawking, Stephen (1942-)
    º Hawking radiation
David Hilbert (1862-1943) 1915 published “The Foundations of Physics”, an axiomatic derivation of the general relativity field equations
Inertial frame of reference
Larmor, Joseph (1857-1942) published Lorentz transformations 1897, 2 years before Lorentz; author of Aether and Matter, 1900 where he predicted time dilation and verified FitzGerald-Lorentz length contraction
Kerr metric
Kerr-Newman metric
Lambda-CDM model (standard model of cosmolgy)
Larmor, Joseph
Laplace, Pierre-Simon
Length contraction (FitzGerald-Lorentz contraction)
Light
    º Light cone
    º Speed of light
Lorentz, Hendrik (1853-1928)
    º Length contraction
    º Lorentz covariance
    º Lorentz ether theory
    º Lorentz factor
    º Lorentz force
    º Lorentz group
Lorentz transformation
    º History of Lorentz transformations
Luminiferous aether
Mach, Ernst (1838-1916)
    º Mach's principle
Mass-energy equivalence, Mass in special relativity (Relativistic mass)
Manifold
    º Pseudo-Riemannian manifold
Matter
Maxwell, James Clerk (1831-1879)
    º Maxwell's equations
Metric expansion of space
Metric tensor (general relativity) the fundamental object of study used in general relativity to define notions such as distance, volume, curvature, angle, future and past
Michelson, Albert Abraham
Michelson-Morley experiment
Mie, Gustav (1869-1957)
Milne, Edward Arthur (1896-1950)
    º Milne model
Minkowski, Hermann (1864-1909)
    º Minkowski diagram
    º Minkowski space: Lorentzian manifold
Misner, Charles W. (1932-)
    º ADM formalism
    º Misner space
Newton, Isaac (1643-1727)
    º Newton's law of universal gravitation
Non-inertial reference frame
Nordstrom, Gunnar (1881-1923)
    º Nordstrom's theory of gravitation early curved spacetime alternative to Einstein's theory of gravitation
Numerical relativity using computer algorithms & numerical methods to analyze & solve general relativity problems
Penrose, Roger (1931-)
    º Penrose process
Poincare, Henri
    º Poincare group
Price, Richard H. (1943-)
    º Price's theorem any inhomogeneities in the spacetime geometry outside a black hole radiate away
Principle of relativity
• Reference frame (see Frame of reference)
Relativity priority dispute
Ricci-Curbastro, Gregorio (1853-1925) inventor of the tensor calculus, 1900 published the theory of tensors in Methodes de calcul differentiel absolu et leurs applications with Civita which Einstein used to master tensor calculus
    º Ricci curvature key term in the Einstein field equations
    º Ricci decomposition
Riemann, Bernhard (1826-1866) non-Euclidean geometries
    º Differential geometry
Relativity of simultaneity
Romer, Ole (1644-1710) first quantitative measurement of the speed of light
    º Romer's determination of the speed of light
Rotation
    º Absolute rotation
    º Angular momentum
    º Mach's principle
    º Spin (physics)
Schwarzschild, Karl (1873-1916)
    º Deriving the Schwarzschild solution of Einstein field equations, gravitational field outside a spherical, non-rotating mass eg, black hole
    º Schwarzschild metric Schwarzschild solution for gravitational field outside a spherical, uncharged, non-rotating mass, good approximation to the gravitational field of a slowly rotating body like Earth or Sun
    º Schwarzschild radius any non-rotating and non-charged mass smaller than its Schwarzschild radius forms a black hole, often called the radius of a black hole
Shape of the universe
Shapiro delay
Silberstein, Ludwik (1872-1948) author of relativity books
• Simultaneity
    º Relativity of simultaneity
Space
    º Absolute space and time
    º Absolute time and space
    º Euclidean space
Spacetime
    º Light cone
    º Minkowski diagram
    º Minkowski space
    º Shape of the universe
    º Spacetime algebra
    º World line
Special Relativity
    º History of special relativity
    º Introduction to special relativity
Speed of gravity
Speed of light
Stokes, George (1819-1903) 1845 proposed the aether is completely entrained within or in the vicinity of matter
Stress-energy tensor
Supernova
Symmetry
Tachyon
Tensor
    º Covariant transformation
    º Curvature invariant (general relativity)
    º Einstein notation
    º Einstein tensor
    º Euclidean vectors
    º Metric tensor
    º Metric tensor (general relativity)
    º Relative scalar
    º Relative tensor
    º Riemann curvature tensor
    º Ricci curvature or tensor
    º Scalar (mathematics)
    º Stress-energy tensor
    º Tensor field
    º Weyl tensor
Tests of general relativity
Theory of Relativity
't Hooft, Gerard (1946-) holographic principle, quantum gravity
Thorne, Kip (1940-) black hole cosmology
    º Hoop Conjecture
    º Membrane paradigm
Time
    º Absolute space and time
    º Absolute time and space
    º Coordinate time
    º Curvature invariant (general relativity)
    º Gravitational time dilation
    º Proper time
    º Time dilation
    º Time travel
Twin paradox
Vacuum, Vacuum solution
Weyl, Hermann (1885-1955) one of the first to conceive of combining general relativity with the laws of electromagnetism
    º Weyl tensor
Wheeler, John Archibald (1911-2008)
    º Geometrodynamics
Whittaker, E. T. (1873-1956) author of A history of the theories of aether and electricity
World line
Zwicky, Fritz

WikiSource.org: Author:Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein to Franklin D. Roosevelt - August 2, 1939
The Bad Nauheim Debate
A Brief Outline of the Development of the Theory of Relativity
The Development of Our Views on the Composition and Essence of Radiation
Dialog about Objections against the Theory of Relativity
Ether and the Theory of Relativity
The Field Equations of Gravitation
The Foundation of the Generalised Theory of Relativity
Geometry and Experience
A Heuristic Model of the Creation and Transformation of Light
On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies
Relativity: The Special and General Theory
Russell-Einstein Manifesto
Time, Space, and Gravitation

Wikisource.org
    º Author:Hippolyte Fizeau
Hypotheses on luminous ether

Wikisource.org
    º Author:Henri Poincare
On the Dynamics of the Electron (June)
On the Dynamics of the Electron (July)
The End of Matter
The Measure of Time
The New Mechanics (Gottingen)
The Principles of Mathematical Physics
Science and Hypothesis

Youtube.com
Ox educ
    º Special Relativity, Lecture 1 remaining lectures follow

^ PHYSICS
RESEARCH

arXiv current e-prints stored at Cornell U

^ PHYSICS
ROTATIONAL MOTION

U Guelph, Department of Physics, TutorialsUse It!
Torque

Wikipedia
Centrifugal force (rotating reference frame)
Coriolis effect
Euler force
Fictitious force
Fundamental interaction
Rotating reference frame


^ PHYSICS
SOFTWARE
also see.. Computational Physics

AJ Design Software (ads)
Fluid Mechanics Equations Formulas Calculator
Math Equations Formulas Calculator
Physics Equations Formulas Calculator

Compadre.org: Open Source PhysicsUse It! free
Data Tool data analysis: plotting & fitting data from lab experiments, simulations, video analysis, or any data set in columns
Tracker image and video analysis package and modeling tool, built upon the Open Source Physics Java code library

Design-Simulation.com: Interactive Physics ($)

Easy Java Simulations, Installation instructions
an Open source Physics application
    º Modeling Science Textbook Chapter 2: Introduction to Easy Java Simulations ( pdf )
    º Modeling Science Textbook Chapter 3: EJS and Java Concepts ( pdf )
Documentation
Download and Install

LightAndMatter.comUse It! Benjamin Crowell, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license: introductory one-year physics survey textbooks for biology majors & open-source software & Courses
Answer Checker for site Books
Calculator javascript Inf handles infinite & infinitesimal numbers
    º Javascript Files at GitHub.com
Open-source Software
    º Opengrade for teachers to keep track of grades
    º Planet Finder Documentation and Source Code
    º Spotter allows students to check their answers to math & science questions
    º When simple personal calendar program for minimalistic Unix geeks

Physics Academic Software, PAS ($)
SillanumSoft.org Visual Analyser (Windows) transform your PC in a complete set of instruments, no new hardware, just use the Sound Card

Sourceforge.net
Audacity free, open source software for recording & editing sounds
    º Can be used as a recording oscilloscope, see Cheap, Easy Light Probe

Technology Systems Free reference downloads
Design Software

Tracker (Windows, Mac & Linux) Free Video Analysis and Modeling Tool for Physics Education by Doug Brown, Cabrillo College
Online Help
• see “For Developers” for Source Code & Java Tutorials

Xannah.org Xannah Appled Science & Engineering
DataPoint free (Windows) 2-d Video Frame-Grabbing & Video Motion Analysis Software for the classroom
Yenka.com mathematics, science & technology products
Try Yenka Free home licences


^ PHYSICS
SOLAR WIND

Cosmicopia, Glossary, Links, SiteMap
Astrophysics Basics
Cosmic Rays
The Sun
    º Solar WindUse It!
Space Weather


^ PHYSICS
SOLID STATE & CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

Wikipedia
    º Category:Condensed matter physics
Condensed matter physics
Electronic band structure
    º Conduction band & Valence band
Fermi level
Solid-state physics
Work function


^ PHYSICS
SOUND & ACOUSTICS

U Maryland, Physics Dept
Physics 102: Physics Of Music
PHYS 103: Physics of Music Laboratory
Physics of Music Reference Web Sites Links

U New South Wales, Physics: Music Acoustics
Helmholtz Resonance

U New South Wales, Physics: Music Science
• Acoustics, an introduction
    º Brass instrument (lip reed) acoustics
    º Clarinet
    º Didgeridoo acoustics/ yidaki acoustics
    º Flute
    º Guitar & How does it work?
    º Harmonic singing (or overtone singing) vs normal singing
    º Saxophone acoustics
    º Speech including Helium's effect
    º Violin
    º FAQ in music acoustics
Hearing Test online
How do violins change with playing and environmental changes over time?

Vibrationdata.com
Newsletters
    º January 2004 teaching sound vibration principles with beverage bottles, crystal glassware, and household objects as improvised musical instruments
Tutorials (Subscription Required)


^ PHYSICS
SPECTROSCOPY
also see.. §CHEMISTRY (Spectroscopy)§, Quantum Physics, §Vacuum Tube History§

Advanced Aquarist online magazine
Poor Man's Spectrometer: Estimating Lamp Spectral Quality for Less Than $30 (Project STAR Spectrometer)

Amateur SpectroscopyUse It!
Principle of operation of a spectroscope
Spectrum of various chemical elements

Astronomy 162 Stars, Galaxies, and Cosmology, U Tennessee, Knoxville
Atomic Absorption and Emission Spectra

Astrosurf.com: Spectroscopy, CCD and Astronomy
A Low Cost Spectrograph
Design a Classical Spectrograph

Atomic Spectroscopy from the NIST Physics Laboratory

The Era of Classical Spectroscopy
Exploratorium: How to Build a Spectroscope

Google Search
gas spectrum images site:*.edu

HyperPhysics
Atomic Spectra Argon, Hydrogen, Helium, Iodine, Mercury, Neon, Nitrogen, Sodium

IEEE.org: Educational Activities, Pre-University Education
Teacher In-Service Program, Links, Lesson Plans
    º Light Waves and Spectroscopes

Makezine.com, About, Forum
Blog
Laboratory 5.4: Examine the Spectroscopic Characteristics of Soil

NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED)
Emission-Line Spectra and the Nature of Active Galactic Nuclei, Donald E. Osterbrock, Contents

Project STAR SpectrometerUse It! Home Science Project by Rob Brown

Physics Applets @ U Oregon Physics Dept. Note: you must allow pop-up windows as an exception for this site
Periodic Table of Element SpectrumsUse It!

Rochester Institute of Technology, Physics 230 Stellar AstronomyUse It! from Michael Richmond following is under the Creative Commons License
Interpreting Stellar Spectra
Spectra of Gas DischargesUse It! images
Spectrographs and Spectra

Scienceofspectroscopy.info About
Wiki

Tech-systems-labs.com Free reference downloads
Full Electronic books
    º GE Glow Lamp Manual Theory, Circuits, Ratings; 1966, General Electric Company

What is Spectroscopy? from Craig Kulesa's Astronomy Resources

Wikipedia
    º Category:Gas discharge lamps
    º Category:Optical physicists
    º Category:Spectroscopy
    º Category:Spectrometers
    º Category:Spectroscopists
Atomic absorption spectroscopy
Atomic emission spectroscopy
Atomic spectral line
Balmer series
Black-body
Bunsen, Robert with Kirchhoff, laid foundations of Spectroscopy
Crookes tube
Electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic spectrum
Emission spectrum
Equipartition theorem
Fraunhofer, Joseph von (1787-1826)
    º Diffraction grating
    º Fraunhofer lines
Gas-discharge lamp
Hydrogen spectral series
Kirchhoff, Gustav with Bunsen, laid foundations of Spectroscopy
Lyman series
Neon lamp
Oscillation
    º Harmonic oscillator
    º Oscillation (mathematics)
    º Oscillation theory
    º Rydberg constant
Particle-induced X-ray emission
Photoemission spectroscopy
Rayleigh-Jeans law
Rydberg formula described wavelengths/frequencies of chemical element spectral lines
    º Rydberg constant
Rutherford backscattering spectrometry
Spectral line
Spectroscopy
Spectrometer
Spectrum analysis
    º Continuous spectrum
    º Electromagnetic spectrum
    º Emission spectrum
    º Visible spectrum
Ultraviolet catastrophe
Zeeman effect

Worcester Park Observatory-UK: optics - reviews, papers & experiments
Amateur Spectroscopy home-made equipment other than prisms & gratings
Low Resolution Lunar Spectrograph
Stellar Spectrograph #1


^ PHYSICS
SPORTS RELATED PHYSICS
Baseball Physics

Porter W. Johnson Professor of Physics
The Physics Of Baseball

Sport and Exercise Sciences Home Pages
The Physics of Sports
Physics Geeks' Softball unchecked

^ PHYSICS
SPRINGS

All-Rite Spring Company
Institute of Spring Technology (IST)
Spring Manufacturers Institute
Springs, D Wright, U Western Australia Mechanical Engineering
The spring characteristic
Spring design
Springs
Wikipedia
Category:Springs (mechanical)
Spring (device)


^ PHYSICS
STATISTICAL MECHANICS

Dr James B. Calvert, U Denver: Physics
Boltzmann's Factor

U Berkeley, Ashvin Vishwanath: Physics 211 Equilibrium Statistical Physics
Wikipedia
Statistical mechanics


^ PHYSICS
NEUTRINOS
also see.. Particle Physics

Centre for Underground Physics in Pyhäsalmi: The Ultimate Neutrino Page
Institute for Advanced Study: School of Natural Sciences
John Bahcall 1934–2005 (see Solar Neutrinos)
Neutrino Unbound

Public Broadcasting System (PBS): NOVA
The Ghost Particle, Transcript

Sudbury Neutrino Observatory
Neutrino

^ PHYSICS
NEWTONIAN DYNAMICS, CLASSICAL MECHANICS

Newtonian Dynamics, Richard Fitzpatrick, Professor of Physics, U Texas, Austin


^ PHYSICS
NUCLEAR PHYSICS

ABC's of Nuclear Science from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Antimatter
Basic Nuclear Science
Cosmic Connection - Build you own cosmic ray detector
    º Building a Cosmic Ray Detector (pdf file)
    º Instruction Manual (pdf file)
Glossary

Charles Edison Fund: Science Teaching Experiments Edison Awards Program
Chapter VIII. Nuclear Experiments (pdf)

Exploratorium
Cloud Chamber

FusEdWebUse It! Fusion Energy Education

Health Physics Society assistance in understanding the field of health physics, FAQ
Articles
Ask the Experts
Education Reference Book Univeristies offering degrees, information & research programs
Fact Sheets
Radiation Terms and Definitions
Radionuclide Decay Data

International Atomic Energy Agency
ALADDIN Database on Atomic and Molecular Data for Fusion
Rate coefficients from collisional radiative calculations of plasmas
Electron Impact Cross Section Calculations Using The Average Approximation
GENIE Internet Search Engine for Atomic Data
Heavy Particle collisions calculation of cross sections for excitation, ionization & charge transfer in heavy particle collisions
XSAMS: XML Schema for Atoms, Molecules and Solids

Los Alamos National Laboratory
Interface to Los Alamos Atomic Physics Codes calculation of atomic structure, electron impact excitation & ionization processes

Naresh Menon, Cornell U
Cloud Chamber
How to Build a Cloud Chamber

National Council on Radiation Protection & Measurements (NCRP) Radiation Exposure Data, Radiation Protection Guidelines, About

National Nuclear Data Center
Chart of Nuclides

New Jersey Society for Amateur Scientists New Jersey SAS
Cloud Chamber

North Cascades and Olympic Science Partnership
OSPI Coaching General Teaching Strategies
Using Radioactive Decay As a Clock tuna can cloud chamber

Nucleonica.net
Universal Nuclide Chart

ScientificAmerican.com
A Canteen Cloud Chamber

Wikipedia
Cloud chamber
Radioisotope thermoelectric generator

LBNL Isotopes Project
Chart of Nuclides (pdf)
WWW Table of Radioactive Isotopes

Youtube.com
RadioactivityUse It! Physics for Future Presidents, Richard A. Muller


^ PHYSICS
OPEN EDUCATION & COLLABORATION
also see.. Books

Archive.org: Open Educational Resources
PBS | NPR Forum Network
    º Michio Kaku: Physics of the Impossible (2008)
Advanced Placement (AP) Courses from the Monterey Institute for Technology and Education
    º Advanced Placement Physics B
    º Advanced Placement Physics C

comPADRE Physics & Astronomy Education Communities, Digital Library is a network of free online resources for faculty, students & teachers in Physics & Astronomy Education

Nytimes.com
Auditing Classes at M.I.T., on the Web and Free April 4, 2001

WebPhysics network of resources for introductory physics teaching
WebScience: Creating an Active-Learner Classroom with WWW Technology to Improve Introductory Science and Mathematics Courses, Richard R. Hake


^ PHYSICS
OPTICS
also see.. §Light & Optics§, §Optics (HIST OF SCIENCE)§

Electromagnetism and Optics an introductory course, Richard Fitzpatrick, U Texas, Austin: Geometric Optics
History of Geometric Optics
Law of Refraction

HyperPhysics: Light and Vision
Lenses

LightAndMatter.com: Books
Optics

Molecular Expressions & Introduction to Optical Microscopy and Photomicrography, Florida State U
Lenses and Geometrical Optics

Physics Virtual Library: Subjects
Optics

WebTOP, Mississippi State U Physics & Astronomy, 3D interactive graphics system simulates/visualizes optical phenomena, helps learn about optics & waves
Download Instructions
WebTOP Tutorial (pdf)

Wikipedia
Category:Geometrical optics
Category:Physical optics
Index of optical articles
Absorbance
Absorption (electromagnetic radiation)
    º Beer-Lambert law
Angle of incidence
    º Attenuation coefficient
Diffraction
Electromagnetic radiation
Emissivity
Fermat's principle (principle of least time)
Focus (optics)
Fourier optics
Fresnel equations
Hadron group of composite particles (subsuming Baryons & Mesons) made of quarks with strong force
    º Baryon a type of fermion, ie, cannot occupy the same space without different properties (eg, spin) & are usually associated with matter
    º Meson a type of boson, ie, bosons can occupy the same space & are often force carrier particles
Huygens-Fresnel principle (Huygens' principle)
Light
Maxwell's equations
Optics
    º Geometrical optics
    º Optical phenomenon
    º Ray (optics)
    º Ray tracing (physics)
Polarization (waves)
    º Brewster's angle
Reflection (physics)
    º Albedo
    º Bidirectional reflectance distribution function
    º Diffuse reflection
    º Lambertian reflectance
    º Reflectivity
    º Reflection coefficient
    º Specular reflection (Law of Reflection)
    º Total internal reflection (Critical angle)
Refraction
    º Refractive index
    º Snell's law
    º Transmission coefficient
    º Transmittance
Scattering
    º Inverse scattering problem, Inverse scattering transform
    º Scattering theory

YouTube.com
Derivation of Snell's Law using Fermat's Principle


^ PHYSICS
PARTICLES, PARTICLE PHYSICS, PARTICLE THEORY
also see.. Neutrino, Quantum Physics, String Theory, Unified Field Theory

the ALEPH experiment, ALEPHLIB software routines Particle Physics

Cal Tech, Particle Theory Group, Links
Resources
The Second Superstring Revolution by John H. Schwarz

CERN Eurpean Organization for Nuclear Research
The Particle Detector BriefBook Glossary

Cern Courier
Latest Issue

Contemporary Physics Education Project (CPEP)
Fundamental Particles and Interactions
Nuclear Science
Plasma Physics and Fusion
The Universe of Cosmology

Cornell U, Laboratory for Elementary-Particle Physics (LEPP)

Fermi Lab
Anatomy of a Detector
Education and Outreach
Inquiring Minds
Physical Science Data for Teachers
    º Use Conservation of Momentum to Calculate the Mass of the Top Quark from D-Zero Data
Science Education
    º Searching for the Building Blocks of Matter
Virtual Tour

Frank Wilczek Herman Feshbach Professor of Physics, 2004 Nobel Laureate, MIT

FrankWilczek.com

Google Books (books for the general reader)
Kane, Gordon
    º The particle garden: our universe as understood by particle physicists, 1996
    º Supersymmetry: squarks, photinos, and the unveiling of the ultimate laws of nature
Wilczek, Frank
    º The Lightness of Being: Mass, Ether, and the Unification of Forces
    º Longing for the harmonies: themes and variations from modern physics

Gordon KaneUse It! Director, Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics
The Dawn of Physics Beyond the Standard Model 2006
Hunting the Higgs
Other Publications of Gordon Kane
The Mysteries of Mass
String theory and the Real World 2010
Talks by Gordon Kane

Hands on CERN ( English )

History of the Neutrinos, Didier Verkindt
Neutrino History

An introduction to Particle Physics, Glossary
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory: Particle Data Group
QuarkDance

The Particle Adventure from the Particle Data Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Particle Physics Education Sites (no longeer maintained)
Particle Physics Education Materials

PBS, Nova: The Elegant Universe
    º Elementary Particles

Science and Technology Facilities Council, UK: Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL), Particle Physics Department
The Particle Detectives
The Particle Physics Exhibits Project (PPEP), Links

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory: Virtual Visitor Center, Links, Site Map
Glossary
Particle Physics Education Sites Links
Theory
    º An Additional Force Higg force
    º Feynman Diagrams
    º Forces and Interactions
    º Introduction to Cosmic Rays
    º Quantum Mechanics
    º The Standard Model & Higgs mechanism for mass
    º Weak Interactions

SymmetryMagazine.org particle physics and its connections to life and science, from Fermi Lab & SLAC
Dec 2004-Jan 2005

Wikipedia: Category:Particle physicists
    º List of theoretical physicists
Feynman, Richard (1918-1988)
Higgs, Peter (1929-)
Weinberg, Steven (1933-)
Wheeler, John Archibald (1911-2008)
Wilczek, Frank (1951-)

Wikipedia: Particle physics
    º Category:Electroweak theory
    º Category:Experimental particle physics
    º Category:Hypothetical particles
    º Category:Mesons
    º Category:Nuclear physics
    º Category:Particle accelerators
    º Category:Particle detectors
    º Category:Particle physicists
    º Category:Particle physics
    º Category:Radioactivity
    º Category:Theoretical physicists
    º List of accelerators in particle physics
    º List of particles
Alpha decay
Alpha particle
Antimatter
Antiparticle
Beta decay
Boson
    º Gauge boson
    º Higgs boson
    º W and Z bosons
Charge conservation
Cosmic ray ~90% protons, ~10% helium nuclei (alpha particles), ~1% heavier elements, electrons (beta particles), or gamma ray photons
CPT symmetry symmetry of physical laws under simultaneous inversions of charge, parity & time; a mirror-image universe would evolve under our same physical laws
    º CP violation CP-symmetry [laws unchanged by particle/antiparticle exchange (C symmetry) & left/right swap (P symmetry)] violated in neutral kaon decays-1964
    º C-symmetry symmetry under charge-conjugation transformation or particle/antiparticle interchange
    º Parity (physics) (P) parity transformation or parity inversion is flipping the sign of one spatial coordinate (mirror image)
    º T-symmetry symmetry of laws under time reversal transformation
Electromagnetism
Electroweak interaction
Elementary particle
Faddeev-Popov ghost
Fermion
    º Quark
    º Lepton
Feynman diagram
Fundamental interaction (Fundamental force)
Gluon
Gravitation
    º Graviton
    º Supergravity
Higgs boson
Higgs mechanism
Higgsless model
Ionizing radiation
Meson
Neutrino
Nuclear force
    º Electromagnetism
    º Strong interaction
    º Weak interaction
Nucleon
Particle accelerator
    º Accelerator physics
    º Cathode ray tube
    º Betatron
    º Cyclotron
    º Dynamitron
    º Electron-cloud effect
    º Electron gun
    º Electrostatic nuclear accelerator
    º Fermilab
    º FFAG accelerator
    º International Linear Collider
    º Large Electron-Positron Collider
    º Large Hadron Collider & Super Large Hadron Collider
    º Linear particle accelerator
    º Storage ring
    º Synchrocyclotron
    º Synchrotron
    º Synchrotron light source
    º Tevatron at Fermilab
Particle beam
    º Particle beam cooling
• Particle detection
    º Bubble chamber
    º Cloud chamber
    º Spark chamber
    º Wire chamber
Particle physics (High energy physics)
Photon
Plasma
Plasma acceleration
Positron
Quantum chromodynamics
Quantum electrodynamics
Quantum field theory
Quantum mechanics
Quark
Radioactive decay
Scattering
    º Inverse scattering problem
    º Inverse scattering transform
Scattering theory
Spin-1/2
Spin (physics)
Standard Model
Strong interaction
Superpartner
    º Chargino
    º Gaugino
    º Gluino
    º Gravitino
    º Higgsino
    º Neutralino
    º Sfermion
Supersymmetry
't Hooft, Gerard (1946-) quantum structure of electroweak interactions
Timeline of particle discoveries
Wave-particle duality a particle is a quantum of a related energy field
Weak interaction (Weak force)


^ PHYSICS
STUDENT PROJECTS & TASKS
PALS science performance assessment tasks indexed via the National Science Education Standards (NSES) Performance Tasks, GRADES: 5-8, 9-12
Electrical Energy how wire gauge & type affect radiated heat by applied voltage
Keep It Hotinsulating abilities of different materials
More Power to You Project: make a Galvanometer & Generator
Radiation concept of half-life simulation using colored beads
Radioactive Decay color & heat absorption relations
Snell's Law measure index of refraction of Corn Syrup
Let the Sunshine In temperatures of three different-colored plastic translucent cup covers


^ PHYSICS
SURFACES
Fun Science Gallery (FunSci.com)
Experiments on Surface Phenomena and Colloids

HyperPhysicsUse It! smooth navigation concept maps & linking strategies: Georgia State U
Surface Tension

Interactive Learning Paradigms Inc.
General Chemistry Demo Lab
    º Surface Tension

Online-tensiometer.com, What is Surface Tension?

^ PHYSICS
THEORETICAL PHYSICS
Utrecht U Physics, How to Become a Good Theoretical Physicist with Links, by Gerard 't Hooft

Wikipedia
    º Category:Fundamental physics concepts
    º Category:Physics theorems
    º Category:Theoretical physics
Emmy Noether (1882-1935)
    º Noether's theorem
Free will theorem


^ PHYSICS
TIME
also see.. §TIME§

Discovery.com: Videos
Fountain of Youth
Ten Ways: Time Travel email a friend share on social networks A child explains Einstein's theory on the elasticity of time
Time Travel with Michio Kaku

Wikipedia
    º List of unsolved problems in physics
Arrow of time
Entropy (arrow of time)


^ PHYSICS
TUTORIALS
also see.. Audio Files, Education, §ENGINEERING§, Demonstrations, §SCIENCE (Tutorials)§, Videos

150 java-applets related to physics education
•alectrodynamic, gas, general, heat, matter, measure, mechanics, optics, periodic

3D World SimulationUse It! Java app w/source: dynamics, kinematics, Links, physics, program'g, theory, Tutorial

Amusement Park Physics, Links from Annenberg/CPB, Exhibits
Roller Coaster, Carousel, Bumper Cars, Free Fall, Pendulum
Safety

AP Physics B by Dolores Gende
AP Home Pages, Links
Demos
Homework Services
Interactive Problem Solving
Lab Format
Labs
    º Error Analysis in Experimental Physical ScienceUse It!
Labs, Open Ended
    º Ideas over forty
Simulations
Teaching Resources
Tutorials Links

Applets by Daniel Roth freeware, simulate/illustrate physics problems

Ask A Scientist Archive - Search:   NEWTON/ANL, Argonne National Lab
Physics

Ask Dr. Physics for the Physically Perplexed: Concordia College

Astronomy for All!
Starchild, Advanced

Batesville Community School Corporation: Physics at BHS

Beginner's Guide to Aerodynamics ( alt ) interactive animations, equations, images & text from NASA
Aeronautics Resources
Aerospace Activities and LessonsUse It!
Beginner's Guide to Aerodynamics
Beginner's Guide to Compressible Aerodynamics
Beginner's Guide to Kites
Beginner's Guide to Propulsion
Beginner's Guide to Rockets
Free Software, Downloads
Wind Tunnel Index

The Book of PhyzUse It! by Dean Baird, AP Physics guides, jobs, labs, demos, question & problem sets

Boston U, Physics Lecture Demonstrations
• Lecture Notes: PY105 & PY106
Physlet Demonstrations: Semesters 1 & 2

Civil Aviation Training (CAT) Magazine CAT Magazine, Inc.

Carnegie Mellon U: Open Learning Initiative, Open & Free coursesUse It!
Engineering Statics
Physics

Carnegie Mellon Open Learning InitiativeUse It! Free Online Courses
Physics

Contemporary Physics Eduation ProjectUse It! (CPEP)
Fundamental Particles and Interactions
The History and Fate of the Universe (universeadventure.org)
    º Chart, Glossary
    º The Universe Adventure Interactive Tour, Links
Nuclear Science
Plasma Physics and Fusion
    º Creating the Conditions for Fusion
    º Energy Sources Conversions
    º How Fusion Reactions Work
    º Plasma - the 4th State of Matter
    º Two Important Fusion Processes

Dr. Richard Vawter, Western Washington U, Physics & Astronomy
Learning Physics on the Web
    º Example Problems
    º Interactive Simulations
    º Physics Topics
    º Quick Time Movie Demonstrations
    º Solving Physics Problems
Simulations List using Interactive Physics software

Educational Programs at the Berkeley Lab: Lawrennce Berkeley National Lab

ExploreScience.comUse It! Multimedia Activities" & Teacher Resources
Astronomy
Electricity & Magnatism
Mechanics
Optics
Wave Motion

FearOfPhysics.com animated demonstrations, Homework Help

Fermilab Ecucation Office
Educational Software Preview Guide, Search by Subject, Level, Operating System
Teacher Resource Center
Web-based Instructional Materials
    º Special Relativity

Fowler's Physics Applets from Galileo and Einstein by Michael Fowler, U Virginia

Georgia Public Broadcasting: Chemistry & Physics
Glenbrook South High School, Physics: The Physics Classroom TutorialsUse It! with Multimedia Physics Studio animations, About, Help
One Dimensional Kinematics
Newton's Laws
Vectors: Motion and Forces in Two Dimensions
Momentum and Its Conservation
Multimedia Physics Studio Animations
Work, Energy, and Power
Circular Motion and Satellite Motion
Static Electricity
Current Electricity
Waves
Sound Waves and Music
Light Waves and Color
Reflection and the Ray Model of Light

HippoCampus.orgUse It! online tutorials, Create an account for your students
Physics & Physics Minisite
•Introductory Physics I & II
• General Physics I & II
• College Preparatory Physics I & II
• Physics B (algebra & trigonometry based) for AP I & II
• Physics C (calculus based) for AP I & II

HowEverythingWorks.org
How Stuff Works Inc.
How Things Work, the Physics of Everyday Life articles & Book: Louis A. Bloomfield, U Virginia

HyperPhysicsUse It! C.R. Nave, Georgia State U, including online calculators

Hypertextbook.comUse It! by Glenn Elert
Chaos Hypertextbook, Links
Physics Hypertextbook

How Things Work Q & A, physics text, by Louis Bloomfield, Virginia U
Visualizing the Future of Physics Education (pdf)

HypertextBook.com by Glenn Elert: Physics Hypertext
Interactive Physics 1 & 2 D motion, energy, momentum, and Links (Javascript): Jim's Homepage
Interactive Physics and Math with Java Yanovsky-Kiselev: U South Carolina

The Interactive Textbook of PFP 96See It! U Pennsylvania SEARCH, Java & HTML versions, + Physics

JamesBrennan.org: Physics Stuff
Education Links, Math & Science Links
Tech Physics HomeUse It! Contents, Notes
Introduction
Math
Motion
Force
Energy
Oscillations
Waves
Light

KennethMaloney.com Aiding students in chemistry, physical science, physics & process technology(PTEC)

Kents Hill School Physics
Introduction to Physics or What is Physics and Why do I care?
Distance and Displacement
Speed and Velocity
Reference Frames
Acceleration
Graphing Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration
What is a Force?
Newton's First Law: The Law of Inertia
Newton's Second and Third Laws
Friction, Weight and the Normal Force
Vectors and Vector Operations
Falling Objects
Projectile Motion (Motion in 2 Dimensions)
Relative Motion
Work
Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Principle
Potential Energy
Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Power
Momentum and Impulse
Conservation of Momentum
Elastic and Inelastic Collisions
Defining Rotational Motion
Uniform Circular Motion
Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
Torque
Inertia and Rotating Objects
Rotational Dynamics
Simple Machines
Density and Pressure
Buoyancy and Archimedes' Principle
Pascal's Principle
Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure
Bernoulli's Principle
Electric Charge
Coulomb's Law
Electric Fields
Electric Potential
Electric Circuits
Electrical Resistance
Electrical Power and Energy
Resistors in Series and Parallel Circuits
Magnetic Fields
Current Carrying Wires
Electromagnetic Induction
Faraday and Lenz's Law
Motors and Generators
AC Wiring
Simple Harmonic Motion
Wave Motion
Properties of Waves
Sound
Properties of Sound
Sources of Sound
The Wave Nature of Light
Polarization
Reflection of Light
Spherical Mirrors
Refraction of Light
Thin Lenses

Launceston College: Physics Help tutorials ( purchase Site CD )
2D Standing Wave Patterns
AC generator
Activity
Alpha emissions & Beta emissions
Apparent Weight, weightlessness
Beats
Blackbody Radiation
Compton Effect
Cornering, circles
• de Broglie: particles as waves, hydrogen, Quantum theory
Diffraction
Elastic Collisions
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electrostatics
Exponential decay
Fields
Gravity
Hydrogen Atom
Induction
Lenz's Law
Light - waves vs particles
Line Spectra
Magnetic Fields
Magnetism
Mass and energy
Momentum in 2-D
Musical Instruments
Newton's Laws
The Nucleus - Strong nuclear force
Particles in B Fields
Photo-Electric Effect
Photonic Devices
Polarization
Quark model
Refraction
Relativity & Special Relativity
Standing Waves
Transformer
Waves
X-rays

MIT Open CoursewareUse It! All Courses Index, Audio/Video Courses, governed by Creative Commons license: Physics
8.01 Physics I: Classical Mechanics with Exams & Solutions, Lecture Notes & Video Lectures

Muller's Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Physics for future Presidents
• Online Book: Chpt 1, Chpt 2
Webcast.Berkeley: Descriptive Introduction to PhysicsUse It! (Physics for Future Presidents) online Video Course by Richard Muller

LightAndMatter.comUse It! online books, software and courses
• Books online
    º Newtonian Physics
    º Conservation Laws
    º Vibrations and Waves
    º Electricity and Magnetism
    º Optics
    º The Modern Revolution in Physics
    º Simple Nature engineering physics
    º Conceptual Physics
    º Calculus

List of Modules Physics: U Tennessee

MIT Open CoursewareUse It! All Courses Index, Audio/Video Courses, governed by Creative Commons license: Physics
8.01 Physics I: Classical Mechanics with Exams & Solutions, Lecture Notes & Video Lectures

NASA.gov ( Alphabetic Index, Find Teaching Materials ): For Educators
Force Equals Mass Times Acceleration: Newton's Second Law
Space Math sun-Earth system, specifically space weather

Modules Physics: U Tennessee

Net Advance of PhysicsUse It! review articles and tutorials in an encyclopædic format
Annotated Physics Encyclopaedia
History of Physics

PhysicsCentral see the world with deeper perspective & greater understanding: The Web of Physics
Digital Video Analysis using free open source Tracker
Kinetic Books
Newton's Laws of Motion
Waves & Energy Transfer

PhysicsCentral.org from the American Physical Society

The Physics HypertextbookUse It! (physics.info) a work in progress, Edited by Glenn Elert, written by his students
    º Physice Factbook, About

Physics IlluminationsUse It! ( Alt ) short explanatory/exploratory material based on conceptual topics
• Kinematics (1D & 2D)
• Dynamics
• Work and Energy
• Vectors
    º Components of Vectors
    º Head-to-Tail Vector Addition
    º Parallelogram Vector Addition
    º Vector Subtraction

Physics Lab Online by Catharine H. Colwell, Mainland High School, integrated curriculum & classroom management system LearningXchange, Search, Table of Contents
Ap Review Sessions equations
Compilations Questions, quizes, problems & physlets
Curriculum Guide, Curriculum (1st edition), History of Physics Lab Online program
• Introduction: Directions, how to use PhysicsLab

Physics Lab Online by Catharine H. Colwell: Resource Lessons
• Ideal Gases
    º Kinetic Theory of Gases Ideal Gases
• Geometric Optics
    º Converging Lenses
    º Demonstration: Real Images, Virtual Images
    º Diverging Lenses
    º Lensmaker Equation
    º Spherical Mirrors

OpenCourse.info Links to Applets
Oswego City School District Regents Exam Prep Center: PhysicsUse It!

PearsonHigherEd.com, publisher
Physlet Physics: ($) Interactive Illustrations, Explorations and Problems, CDROM & Paperback by Wolfgang Christian & Mario Belloni, Davidson College

Physics: World Lecture Hall
Physics 1 Online Course (sample): M. Casco Learning Center

Physics 2000Use It! intuitive explanations, with interactive java applets, from U Colorado

Physics 8.07 Home Page Electromagnetism II - MIT Course

Physics Applet Home Page: Georgia Institute of Technology

Physics For BeginnersUse It! (WebPlasma.com) - Tutorial with Equation Solver
Velocity
Gravity

Physics CentralUse It! (physicscentral.com) articles, education, Links, News, Q&A from the American Physical Society

Physics Central (physlib.com) short overviews of some modern physics, cosmology & math with commercial ($) hosting links

the Physics Classroom, Multimedia Physics Studio, Physics Help, Topics (Tutorials)
1-D Kinematics
Newton's Laws
Vectors Motion and Forces in Two Dimensions
Momentum and Its Conservation
Work, Energy, and Power
Circular Motion and Satellite Motion
Static Electricity
Current Electricity
Waves
Sound Waves and Music
Light Waves and Color
Reflection and the Ray Model of Light
Refraction and the Ray Model of Light

The Physics Connexion
Physics Instructional Resource Association (PIRA)
Demo Bibliography
PIRA 200 Demo List

Physics Lab Online by Catharine H. Colwell, curriculum integrated with the classroom management system LearningXchange, Search, Table of Contents
• Introduction: Directions, how to use PhysicsLab
Curriculum Guide, Curriculum (1st edition), History of Physics Lab Online program
Ap Review Sessions equations
Compilations Questions, quizes, problems & physlets
Resource Lessons

Physics Lecture Notes
Physics (SPH4A) at Appleby College Waves, Sound, Optics and Light by Cliff Sampson (geocities.com)
PhysicsOfSuperheroes.com book
PhysLink.com Physics and Astronomy Education - Education, Ask the Experts

Prentice Hall ( Pearson Higher Education ): Physics Principles with Applications Fifth Edition by Douglas C. Giancoli

Project LinksUse It! Tutorial modules in science & engineering:   Rensselaer Polytechnic

Relativity Tutorials Chris Hillman: U Washington
Robert Kern Curtis's Physics Stuff

School-for-Champions.com Ron Kurtis' (ads): Succeed in Physical Science
Physics

Skoool.IE, About
Physics: exam help & reviews

Science HobbyistUse It! (ads) William J. Beaty, Seattle, WA: Physics Demos & Science Exhibit Designs, Links, Suppliers
Electricity Articles (all)
Electronics Hobbyist with Links
Kids' Science Projects
Science Education Articles
Science Myths in K-6 Textbooks and Popular culture
Static Electricity Page
    º The Electrophorus a simple electrostatic generator
    º Ridiculously Sensitive Electric Charge Detector
    º Secrets of Electrostatic Machine Design hints & obscure facts for electrostatics projects
    º Static Electricity Generator with PVC Pipe
Videos: science projects, experiments

ScienceMaster.com - Jumpstart Science: Physical Science
Bubble Science
Energy
Gravitational and Relativistic Physics
• Magnetic: Earth, Fields, Waves
Newton's Laws of Motion Does It Matter?
Ocean Energy
Science of Matter and Time
Standard Model of Physics

Simple Machine Resources: SeaMonkey
The Soundry interactive & educational site about sound
Surendranath's Home page Java applets demonstrating basic physics concepts
Syracuse Physics - Educational Modules & Simulations Syracuse U

Themis Earth's Magnetosphere from U California, Berkeley & NASA
In the Classroom

Theoretical Physics at U Winnipeg: IUN/FYDE Introductory Physics Notes introductory course Physics 1301

U Guelph, Department of Physics, TutorialsUse It!

U Kentucky, Dept Physics & Astronomy, Gen Physics Lab (phy 211)
Friction Visualization
Graphics Plotter
Vector Arithmetic Java Visualization

U Michigan Open Educational Resources
PHYSICS 140 - General Physics 1 Creative Commons License
Lectures

U Toronto, Upscale undergraduate physics computing & learning environment, Search, Virtual Bookshelf
Classical Physics
    º Poetry of Physics online book: ideas of physics without mathematics
    º Spectra Introduction

Visual Aided Physics (VAP) applets, Links: U Putra, Malaysia (geocities.com)

Visual Physics Internet resource integration tool for physics students/teachers
Physics Virtual BookshelfUse It!

Wikiversity
School:Physics and Astronomy
Topic:Mathematical Physics

Winston Chan's Homepage
•arystals, electrical engineering, electromagnetic theory & optics, ion implantation, semiconductor

w.j.e.c. A level physics student revision notes by Rob Coles

^ PHYSICS
TWISTOR THEORY
also see.. Quantum, Relativity

Einstein's Equation and Twistor Theory: Recent Developments (audio ram) Dr. Roger Penrose, ITP & Oxford University
The Elements of Twistor Theory Stephen Huggett
Henry Foundation, Inc. at Johns Hopkins U
Henry, Richard Conn Professor: Publications
    º Twistors
    º Twistor Primer by Fedja Hadrovich (pdf version)

A Review of the Universe - Structures, Evolutions, Observations, and Theories
Twistor Theory

Twistor Diagrams Andrew Hodges, Oxford
General background material
Recent papers by Andrew Hodges

Twistor Newsletter Oxford Mathematical Institute, Roger Penrose's research group
Twistor Primer Fedja Hadrovich, Oxford, based on 1997 course by Roger Penrose

Wikipedia
    º Category:Clifford algebras
    º Category:Quantum field theory
    º Category:Theories of gravitation
Penrose, Roger (1931-) invented twistor theory
Twistor theory maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-d complex space with the metric signature (2,2)

Wolfram Mathworld
Twistor


^ PHYSICS
UNIFIED FIELD THEORY
also see.. Particle Physics

Dao of Physics, David Yang Gao, Dept Math, Virginia Tech

JohnAGowan.orgUse It! Papers: General Systems, Gravity, and the Unified Field Theory
    º Essays on Fractals, Cosmology, Theory of Everything, Time, Entropy, Weak & Strong Forces, Science & Religion, Life, the Human Condition

Wikipedia
    º Category:History of physics
    º Category:Theoretical physics
    º Category:Scientific theories
Classical unified field theories
Unified field theory


^ PHYSICS
UNITS

Wikipedia: Category:Units of measure
Category:Units of acceleration
Category:Units of angle
Category:Units of density
Category:Units of energy
Category:Units of force
Category:Units of length
Category:Units of mass
Category:Units of power
Category:Units of pressure
Category:Units of radioactivity
Category:Units of temperature
Category:Units of time
Category:Units of torque
Category:Units of velocity
Category:Units of volume
Atmosphere (unit)
Bar (unit)
Conversion of units
Cubic centimetre
Cubic metre
Gram per litre, Kilogram per cubic metre
kilogram
Litre
Metre
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Newton (unit)
Parts-per notation
Pascal (unit)
Second
Units of measurement
Weights and Measures Act


^ PHYSICS
UNSOLVED PROBLEMS

The Future of Physics by Prof. David Gross
John Baez: Open Questions in Physics

Open Problems In Mathematics And Physics (OpenProblems.net)

Science from the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Questions: What Don't We Know

Wikipedia
    º List of unsolved problems in physics


^ PHYSICS
VACUUM

Wikipedia
Barometer
Cathode ray tube
Free space
Hauksbee, Francis (scientist) (1666-1713)
Horror vacui (physics)
Incandescent light bulb
Magdeburg hemispheres
Mass spectrometry
Pascal, Blaise
Sprengel pump
Thermionic emission
Torricelli, Evangelista
Vacuum
Vacuum engineering
Vacuum pump
Vacuum tube
von Guericke, Otto

Yahoo Groups: VacuumX - Vacuum Experimenter information exchange, sale/trade Vacuum Technology items, post photo's of stations & equipment

^ PHYSICS
VARYING SPEED OF LIGHT (VSL), FASTER THAN LIGHT (FTL), SUPERLUMINAL

arxiv.org/ articles:
Gravity's Rainbow, Magueijo, Smolin
Lorentz invariance with an invariant energy scale, Magueijo, Smolin
New varying speed of light theories, Magueijo
A time varying speed of light as a solution to cosmological puzzles, Magueijo

Complete-Review.com - Faster Than the Speed of Light by João Magueijo
Disover Magazine - At the Speed of Light What if Einstein was wrong? by Tim Folger
Is Faster Than Light Travel or Communication Possible? from John Baez, U California, Riverside, Math Dept

Magueijo, Joao, Theoretical Physics Group, Imperial College, London
arxiv.org Article List

Moffat, John SpaceDaily.com - Physicist John Moffat Hopes To Rewrite The History Of The Universe
PhysicsGuy.com (Jason W. Hinson, Ph.D.), Relativity and FTL Travel

Smolin, Lee, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
arxiv.org Article List

WikiPedia
Faster-than-light
Sommerfeld, Arnold
Tachyon


^ PHYSICS
VIDEO ANALYSIS & HIGH SPEED PHOTOGRAPHY
also see.. Labs, §PHOTOGRAPHY§, Videos

Compadre.org: Open Source PhysicsUse It! free
Data Tool data analysis: plotting & fitting data from lab experiments, simulations, video analysis, or any data set in columns
Tracker image and video analysis package and modeling tool, built upon the Open Source Physics Java code library
Video Analysis with Tracker: TPT Package introductory physics experiments as in "Innovative Uses of Video Analysis" The Physics Teacher, 2009
Video Modeling: Combining Dynamic Model Simulations with Traditional Video Analysis, Douglas Brown

Doane College Dept of Physics
Flash-VidDat, Download Flash-VidDat code for personal use
    º Example video files for analysis
Humanized Physics Project
Plucked String Video Clips
Video Library

Dot Physics ( Alt ) Rhett Allain, Assoc Physics Prof, Southeastern Louisiana U
    º Terminal velocity of a coffee filter using Logger Pro
    º Tracker Video Analysis Tutorial

Harold "Doc" Edgerton The Edgerton Digital Collections
Galleries
Techniques

Lenox Softworks ($) Videopoint video-based motion analysis software

PhysicsCentral ( Hillsdale Township High School District 86 ): The Web of Physics
Digital Video Analysis
Kinematics & Sports Physics
    º Linear Motion
Tracker
    º Intro to Projectiles
    º Tracker Tutorials
Physics of Sports

PhysicsCentral ( Hillsdale Township High School District 86 ): The Web of Physics
Digital Video Analysis
Tracker
    º Tracker Tutorials

Rutgers Physics and Astronomy Education Research Group modelling: “cognitive apprenticeship” learning processes of science rather than results...
• observing, modelling & doing; acquiring skills in “hypothetico-deductive reasoning”
Physics Teaching Technology ResourceUse It! (Video Experiments)
Scientific Abilities
    º Articles
    º Design Experiments LabsUse It! (Algebra based) includes Estimating experimental uncertainty
    º Formative Assessment Tasks
    º Kits: Mechanics
    º Modeling Tasks: Mechanics
    º Rubrics
    º Scientific abilities/assessment

Texas A & M, Center for Mathematics and Science Education (CMSE), Video Analysis Investigations for Physics and Mathematics with physics video downloads

TrackerUse It! (Windows, Mac & Linux) Free Video Analysis and Modeling Tool for Physics Education by Doug Brown, Cabrillo College
Online Help
• see “For Developers” for Source Code & Java Tutorials

Vernier Software & Technology ($) Products & Software
Easy Products for data collection with TI-84 seried calculators
Go! Products instruments for computer data-collection
Lab Books
Lab Equipment
Logger Pro site license: all instructor computers & the student home computers
Packages
Sensors & Probes
Texas Instruments Calculator Products

Wikipedia
    º Timeline of photography technology
Edgerton, Harold Eugene
High speed photography
Time-lapse

Xannah.org Xannah Appled Science & Engineering
DataPoint Free (Windows) 2-d Video Frame-Grabbing & Video Motion Analysis Software for the classroom

^ PHYSICS
TV & VIDEOS
also see.. Demonstrations, Tutorials, Video Analysis

ABC Science: Video
Why is it so? with Julius Sumner Miller

Annenberg Media Learner.org, Teacher Resources
Essential Science for Teachers: Physical Science
Force and Motion
    º Minimouse Lab (Simulation)
    º Workshop 8. Bend and Stretch Tension & Normal Forces
The Mechanical Universe and BeyondUse It!
    º Inertia
    º Newton's Laws
    º Vectors
Workshops and Courses

AP Physics with Mr Burns, Los Gatos High School
The Physics of Road Runner clips from Warner Brothers Road Runner & Coyote cartoons for physics teachers
Review Links
Solutions to E&P Problems

Archive.org: Open Educational Resources
PBS | NPR Forum Network
    º Michio Kaku: Physics of the Impossible (2008)
Advanced Placement (AP) Courses from the Monterey Institute for Technology and Education
    º Advanced Placement Physics B
    º Advanced Placement Physics C

BBC
Hawking: 60th birthday lecture

Blogspot.com, Free Science and Video Lectures Online!: Physics Video Lectures
Richard Feynman Physics Video Lectures

Dr. David G. Alciatore, Colorado State U-Fort Collins, Engineering
High-speed (super slow motion) Video Clips

Education-Tube.com: Julius Sumner Miller Video-Clips

Glenbrook South High School, Physics: The Physics Classroom TutorialsUse It! with animations
QuickTime Movies

Google Search
“V.Balakrishnan Video Lectures”

Google Videos
Richard Feynman Physics Lecture
Physics

Flying Circus of Physics videos by Jearl Walker, Blog, Book
Just a Drop of Water (www.punt.nl) physics & science video links

Laserpablo.com by Paul Robinson physics teacher, author, baseball fan
DVD's
Teacher Resources Teacher SOS (PTSOS) workshops
Videos

LearnersTV.com: Physics Lectures
Lecture - 1 Classical Physics Prof.V.Balakrishnan, Physics Dept, IIT Madras

MIT Open CoursewareUse It! All Courses Index, Audio/Video Courses, governed by Creative Commons license: Physics
8.01 Physics I: Classical Mechanics with Exams & Solutions, Lecture Notes & Video Lectures
    º Newton's Laws
    º Uniform Circular Motion constant tangential speed & constant radial (centripetal) acceleration
8.02 Physics: Electricity and Magnetism, Exams, Lecture Notes, Video Lectures
Exploring Black Holes: General Relativity & Astrophysics Course 8.224
    º Lecture Notes (Videos)
Teaching College-Level Science and Engineering
    º Selected Video Discussions

NewScientist.com: The stuff of dreams

PBS.org: NOVA
The Elegant Universe
Physics and Math

Physics Force from U Minnesota, Physics
Physics Circus DemonstrationsUse It! with some VIDEOS

Project TuvaUse It! from Microsoft.com: Richard Feynman Lectures

Science Hobbyist
Dr. Richard P. Feynman (1918-1988) Links

SixtySymbols.com videos about the symbols of physics and astronomy from U Nottingham
UnitedStreaming.com ($) 30 day free trial

U Wisconsin, Physics: Lecture Deomonstrations
Short Films (quicktime)

The Vega Science Trust scientific visual & audio media
Richard Feynman Douglas Robb Memorial Lectures

VodPod.com Julius Summer Miller
• Archimedes: pt. 1, pt. 2
• Atmospheric Pressure: pt. 1, pt. 2
• Centrifugal Force: pt. 1, pt. 2
• Projectiles: pt. 1, pt. 2

Webcast.Berkeley
• Introductory Physics (audio only): 8A, 002, 8B, 002
Physics 10 Physics for Future PresidentsUse It! Videos & sound tracks by Richard Muller, ( Alt ) Download Videos (MP4 format)

Western Instructional Television
1438 North Gower St, Los Angeles CA 90028
(213) 466-8601
Julius Sumner Miller Physics Demonstrations, 60 (15 min.) programs


Open Yale CoursesUse It! Department of Physics
PHYS 200: Fundamentals of Physics I Ramamurti Shankar: Newtonian mechanics, special relativity, gravitation, thermodynamics & waves
PHYS 201: Fundamentals of Physics II Ramamurti Shankar: electricity, magnetism, optics & quantum mechanics

YouTube.com
AcmeSchool how things work
Feynman, Richard Physics Video Lectures
Miller, Julius Sumner Videos
    º Inertia parts 1 & 2
    º Newton's Second Law parts 1 & 2
    º Newton's Third Law parts 1 & 2
    º Projectiles parts 1 & 2
    º Pascal parts 1 & 2
    º Bernoulli parts 1 & 2
Susskind, Leonard: Modern Physics: Classical Mechanics
Balakrishnan, V.: Classical Physics


^ PHYSICS
VISCOSITY

Wikipedia
Pitch drop experiment started in 1927 by Professor Thomas Parnell
Superfluid
Viscosity


^ PHYSICS
WAVES, PERIODIC OSCILLATIONS, VIBRATION
also see.. §Diffraction§, Music, §Optics§, §Thermodynamics§, §Machine Vibration§

Acoustics and Vibration AnimationsUse It! by Daniel A. Russell, Kettering U
• Basic Wave Phenomena
    º Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms
    º Fourier Series and Waves
    º Reflection of Waves from Boundaries
    º Refraction of Sound Waves
    º Superposition of Waves
    º What is a Wave?
    º Wave Motion in Time and Space
• Room Acoustics
    º Driving room modes & source location
    º Reverberation Times in a small room
• Sound Waves and Radiation from Sources
    º The Baffled Piston approximation of a loudspeaker
    º Longitudinal and Transverse Waves
    º Sound field radiated by a Tuning Fork
    º Sound Fields Radiated by Simple Sources
    º Sound Radiation from Cylindrical Radiators

Amara's Wavelet Page Amara Graps

Boston U, Physics: Lecture Demonstrations
PY105 Lecture Notes
    º Diffraction
    º The Doppler effect
    º Interference
    º Music
    º Sound
    º Waves
Physlet DemonstrationsUse It! Semesters 1 & 2

Bow Wave Dynamics T. A. Waniewski, C. E. Brennen & F. Raichlen, Journal of Ship Research

Center for Nanoscale Systems: Institute for Physics Teachers, Links, Cornell U
Labs & Lending Library
    º The Doppler Effect

C.K. Ng Learn Physics Using Java simulations
Beats
• Diffraction of water waves: corner, obstacle, opening
Doppler effect/Sonic Boom & Sonic Boom due to Two Horizontally-displaced Sources
Interference of water waves 1 & 2, Interference, Multiple sources pattern, Interference, (funny) four sources on square vertices
Polarizers
Resonance on a string
Standing Waves and Traveling Waves
Travelling Wave, Longitudinal
Travelling Wave, Transverse

d'AIMPUse It! applets from MIT Mathematics
Beats
Waves sum wave and its reflection

Fergus Ray Murray (ads)
Resonata A Wave Machine Applet and article on real waves, types & dangers of resonance
Trigonometry describes the behaviour of waves & resonance

Google Search
physics beats
rope for wave demonstration

How light is made from the ordered motion of electrons in atoms and molecules: U Oregon

HyperPhysicsUse It! C.R. Nave, Georgia State U, including online calculators
Periodic Motion
    º Cavity Resonance (Helmholtz resonance)
    º Overview of Resonant Systems
Sound & Hearing
    º Beats, Sum and Difference Frequencies

Imagine the Universe! from NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center
Ask an Astrophysicist, Search
    º Doppler Shift
    º Faster than Light
    º Gravity's Effect on Itself
    º How our Eyes See Light
    º On the Edge: Gravitational Waves
    º Speed of Light
Teacher's Corner, Links

Kth Royal Institute of Technology, Particle and Astroparticle Physics Section: JavaTech: Introduction to Scientific and Technical Computing with Java
Physics Simulation with Java: Topic Index
Interference of Sinusoidal Waveforms

LightAndMatter.comUse It! Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license: introductory one-year physics survey textbooks for biology majors
Vibrations and Waves: Entire Book (pdf)

Mark Ketchum's Online Scrapbook
Bridge Engineering
    º Bridge Collapse Page including resonance failures
Concrete Shell

M. Casco Learning Center: Physics 1 Online Course Outline
Mechanical Waves

MIT Open CoursewareUse It! All Courses Index, Audio/Video Courses, governed by Creative Commons license: Civil and Environmental Engineering
Wavelets, Filter Banks and Applications 18.327/1.130
Wave Propagation 2.062J/1.138J/18.376J

National Lightning Safety Institute
The Science of Thunder increase in pressure & temperature causes air to expand faster than the speed of sound, similar to a sonic boom

Newton BBS Ask A Scientist, Archive: Physics
Absorption, Heat and Wavelength
Amplitude of EM Wave
Bow and Shock Waves
Changing Photon Frequency
Cherenkov Radiation
Color Without Light, Orange Sunset, Reflected Color Appearance, Solar Color, Sun and Continuous Spectra
Compressional Wave Terminus
Cosmic Microwave Background
de Broglie Wave and Bohr Radius
decibel levels
destructive interference, cosine wave
Diffraction, Wavelength, and Angle
Distant Light and Straight Lines
Electric Current and Electromagnetic Wave
Electromagnetic Waves, Absolute Zero and Electromagnetic Waves, 2, EM Waves, Charge, and Propagation
Electromagnetic Waves and Fields, 2, Electromagnetic Wave Limits, EM Waves and Polarization, 2
Fluorescent Lights and Microwaves
Frequency and Energy Relation
Fundamentals of Reflections
Gravity as a Wave, Gravity vs Gamma Wave Speed, Gravitons and Wave Function
Light bulb and a microwave
Light Intensity to Space
Light and Sound Waves, 2
Light Waves, Characteristics, and Measurement, Measuring Light Wavelength, Variable Speed of Light
Magnetic Field and Cosmic Rays
Making Waves
Microwaves, Microwaves and Energy Transfer, Microwave Radiation
Music characteristics, Music and Standing Waves
Newton's Rings and Central Fringe, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Particle-Wave Duality, Wave Nature of Electrons
Photon Energy for Ionization
Quarks and Sound Waves
Radio waves, Absolute Zero and Radio Frequency, Current Into Radio Waves, Measuring Radio Waves, 2, Radio Waves and Concrete
Radio Wave Interaction With External Fields, 2, 3, Radiowaves and Lasers, Radio wave transmittance, Radio Waves and Tunnels
Shattering Glass with my Voice
Sideband and Waveforms
Sine Waves and Circuits
Snell's Law, Spectra, and Speed of Light
Solar Light Polarization
Sonic Boom, Bow and Shock Waves, Shock Waves in Space, 2
Sound Waves, 2, Sound versus Heat, Soundwaves for Levatation, Sound Waves Longitudinal, Traces Transverse, Sound through Metal, Sound Wave Speed
Speed of Sound and Altitude, Speed of Sound, Density, Elasticity, 2
Thin Film Interference Factors
UV, IR, and Color Theory, UV, IR, and Glass Transmission, UV Reflection in Mirrors, Black Light Visibility
Waves, Wave Energy
Wavelength and Light Properties
Wave Motion in Space
Wavering Lights
Why can radio waves go where light cannot?
Young's Double Slit Experiment

Oscillations and Waves Physics Demonstrations at Boston University
Physicsclassroom.com: Physics Tutorial: Sound Waves and Music
• Lesson 3 Behavior of Sound Waves
    º Interference and Beats Beats
    º The Doppler Effect and Shock Waves
• Lesson 4: Resonance and Standing Waves
    º Forced Vibration
    º Fundamental Frequency and Harmonics
    º Standing Wave Patterns
• Lesson 5: Musical Instruments
    º Resonance
    º Guitar Strings
    º Open-End Air Columns
    º Closed-End Air Columns

Physicsclassroom.com: Physics Tutorial
Waves

PhysicsLAB.org
Barrier Waves, Bow Waves, and Shock Waves
Doppler Effect Physlet
Resonance in Strings, Harmonics Applet Ripple ripple tank applet

Rutgers Physics and Astronomy Education Research Group modelling: “cognitive apprenticeship” learning processes of science rather than results, observing, modelling & doing; acquiring skills in “hypothetico-deductive reasoning”
Physics Teaching Technology Resource (Video Experiments)
Learning Cycles on Harmonic Motion and Waves

Science and Mathematics Initiative for Learning Enhancement (SMILE) elementary & high school single concept lessons: Physics Index
Waves, Sound and Optics
    º Computer Interfacing: Frequency Measurement, The Doppler Effect
    º Guitar Waves
    º Homemade Instruments
    º Now Hear This!
    º Pitch
    º Polarization
    º Polarized Light 1, 2
    º Sound: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Making Sounds
    º Sound/Pitch
    º how Sound Travels
    º Sound: The Vibration of Materials
    º Understanding Waves
    º from Vibration To Sound
    º Wave Motion
    º Waves, Make Waves

Theoretical Physics at U Winnipeg: IUN/FYDE Introductory Physics Notes introductory course Physics 1301
Vibrations and Waves

Two-Slit Experiment using Particles Applet from Physics 2000: U Colorado

U California Santa Cruz, Physics Lecture Demonstration Catalog
Mechanical Oscillations and Wave SimulationsUse It!

U Colorado, Boulder, Physics, Physics 2000
PhET Physics Interactive Technology, Interactive Simulations
Physics Learning Laboratories
• Doppler Effect: Source, Observer
Masses & Springs
Pendulum Lab
Wave on a String

Physics 2000
PhETUse It! Physics Interactive Technology, Interactive Simulations: Physics
Masses & Springs
Pendulum Lab
Wave on a String

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR): Learn: Atmospheric Science Explorers
Standing Wave Demonstration

U Guelph, Department of Physics, Tutorials
Graphing Oscillating Functions
Simple Harmonic Motion simulations with assessment

U Tennessee, Introduction to Physics I
Module 9: Simple Harmonic Motion
Module 10: Waves
    º Mechanical Waves

When Particles Behave Like Waves 2-D double slit, tunneling, scattering, interaction animations: Terry Robb

Vibration and Waves AnimationsUse It! Dan Russell, Kettering U, Flint, MI

Wave Optics for the internet - interference:  "University of Webucation&quot;

Wikipedia
Category:Waves
Category:Scattering
Index of wave articles
Absorbance
Absorption (electromagnetic radiation)
    º Beer-Lambert law
Angle of incidence
Acoustic impedance
Airy wave theory
Amplitude
Angular frequency
Attenuation
    º Attenuation coefficient
Beat (acoustics)
    º Beat frequency oscillator
Coherence (physics)
Continuous wave
Crest (physics) & Trough
Damping, Damping (music)
Diffraction, Diffraction grating
    º Fraunhofer diffraction
    º Fresnel diffraction
Dispersion (optics)
Double-slit experiment
Echo (phenomenon)
Electromagnetic radiation, Electromagnetic spectrum
Electronic oscillator
Field (physics)
Fourier, Joseph
    º Fourier analysis
    º Fourier series
    º Fourier transform, Fast Fourier transform, Greenhouse effect
Frequency
    º Frequency domain
Fraunhofer diffraction
Fresnel, Augustin-Jean
    º Fresnel diffraction
    º Fresnel equations
    º Fresnel lens
    º Fresnel number
Gravitational wave
    º Gravitational redshift
    º Internal wave
    º Wave cloud
Harmonic oscillator
Helmholtz, Hermann von, Helmholtz coil, Helmholtz equation, Helmholtz resonance
Hooke's law
Huygens, Christiaan
    º Odd sympathy
Huygens-Fresnel principle (Huygens principle)
Hypersonic
Intensity (physics)
Interference (wave propagation)
Light
    º Tired light
Linear elasticity
Long string instrument
Longitudinal wave, Transverse wave
Low-frequency oscillation
• Masters
    º Fourier, Joseph (see Fourier)
    º Helmholtz, Hermann von (see Helmholtz)
    º Hertz, Heinrich
    º Huygens, Christiaan (see Huygens)
    º Young, Thomas (scientist)
Maxwell's equations
Modulation
Optics, Physical optics (Wave optics)
Oscillation, Oscillation (mathematics)
    º Odd sympathy
Pencil beam
Pendulum
Periodicity, Period versus frequency
Phase (waves)
Quantum mechanics
    º Matter wave
    º
Compton scattering
Radian
Radiation
    º Absorbance
    º Absorption (electromagnetic radiation)
    º Attenuation
    º Attenuation coefficient (Absorption coefficient)
    º Beer-Lambert law
    º Black body
    º Color
    º Crookes, William, Crookes radiometer, Crookes tube, Vacuum tube
    º Electromagnetic radiation
    º Emissivity, Emission spectrum
    º Form factor (radiative transfer)
    º Ionizing radiation
    º Irradiance
    º Nichols, Ernest Fox, Nichols radiometer
    º Opacity (optics)
    º Optical depth
    º Planck's law of radiation
    º Radiant barrier
    º Radiant intensity
    º Radiation pressure
    º Radiative transfer
    º Reflection (physics) Diffuse reflection, Reflection coefficient, Reflectivity, Surface type, Scattering from rough surfaces, Specular reflection
    º Refraction, Refractive index
    º Scattering
    º Stefan-Boltzmann law
    º Thermal radiation, Transmission coefficient
    º Transparency and translucency, Transmittance, Transparent materials
    º Wien's displacement law
Ray (optics)
Reflection (physics)
    º Diffuse reflection
    º Reflection coefficient
    º Specular reflection
    º Total internal reflection
Refraction Refractive index
Resonance, Resonator
Scattering
    º Inverse scattering problem, Inverse scattering transform
    º Scattering theory
Shallow water equations
Simple harmonic motion
Sonic boom
Sound, Sound intensity, Sound power, Sound pressure
Speed of sound
Superposition principle
    º Linear
    º Linear algebra
    º Nonlinear system
Supersonic
Polarization (waves)
Ripple tank
Time domain
Transmission coefficient
Transmittance
Transparency and translucency
Transverse wave, Longitudinal wave
Trigonometric functions
VibrationUse It! Molecular vibration
Wave, Waves
    º Wave equation
    º Waveform
    º Wavefront
    º Wavelength
    º Wave propagation
    º Wave velocity
Waveguide
Wave packet
Wave-particle duality
Waves in plasmas
Wave tank
    º Ripple tank
• Wave Types (also see Index of wave articles)
    º Atmospheric wave
    º Bow wave
    º Carrier wave
    º Electromagnetic radiation, Electromagnetic spectrum
    º Faraday wave
    º Gravitational wave
    º Lamb waves
    º Longitudinal wave (vs. transverse)
    º Mechanical wave
    º Microwave
    º Pilot wave
    º Plane wave
    º Radio waves, Radio propagation
    º Rossby wave
    º Seismic wave, P-wave, S-wave
    º Shock wave
    º Sine wave
    º Square wave
    º Standing wave
    º Surface wave
    º Transverse wave (vs. longitudianl)
    º Tsunami
    º Wind wave

Zona Land Education in Physics & Mathematics, SiteMap
VRML Simple Harmonic Motion Worlds


^ PHYSICS
ZERO POINT FIELD

Boston U, Microchip Simulation Lab
Publications (site also contains "Zero Point Radiation" articles)
    º Stochastic Non-relativistic Approach to Gravity as Originating from Vacuum Zero-Point Field.., Appendix

CalPhysics.org
Research

Dr. James F. Woodward, Cal State Fullerton
Gravitation Overview
    º The Origin of InertiaUse It!

The Field The Quest for the Secret Force of the Universe, book by Lynne McTaggart, FAQ, Forum, Links
Science-Spirit.org, Brilliant Disguise: Light, Matter and the Zero-Point Field by Bernard Haisch

^ PHYSICS
RuleBar

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