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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists (AASP)

American Geological InstituteUse It! (AGIWeb) books, data, environment, events, Links, News, training...

American Geophysical Union (AGU)
American Institute of Hydrology (AIH)
American Institute of Professional Geologists (AIPG)
Association of American State Geologists (AASG)
Association of Earth Science Editors (AESE)
Association of Engineering Geologists (AEG)
Association for Women Geoscientists (AWG)
Canadian Geoscience Council
Clay Minerals Society (CMS)
Council for Undergraduate Research-Geology Div. (CUR)
Environmental and Engineering Geophysical Society
Geological Society of America (GSA)
Geoscience Information Society (GIS)
International Association of Hydrogeologists/U.S. National Committee (IAH)
International Union of Geological Sciences
Mineralogical Society of America (MSA)
National Association of Black Geologists and Geophysicists (NABGG)
National Association of Geoscience Teachers (NAGT)
National Association of State Boards of Geology (ASBOG)
National Earth Science Teachers Association (NESTA)
National Research Council Board on Earth Science and Resources
National Speleological Society (NSS)
Paleontological Society (PS)
Petroleum Technology Transfer Council
Seismological Society of America (SSA)
Society of Economic Geologists (SEG)
Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG)
Society of Independent Professional Earth Scientists (SIPES)
Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. (SME)
The Society for Organic Petrology (TSOP)
Society for Sedimentary Geology (SEPM)
Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (SVP)
Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Bowen's Reaction Series
Wikipedia: Bowen's reaction series
Minerals, Lynn S. Fichter, Geology & Environmental Science, James Madison U
Bowen's reaction series and the Igneous Rock Forming Minerals

Alberta Geological Survey, Links, Publications, SiteMap
Calgary Mineral Exploration Group Society, Links
Calgary Rock and Lapidary Club Online Free Online Earth Science Magazine, Links
Edmonton Geological Society, Links
Geological Association of Canada
Geological Survey of Canada

Yukon Geological Survey, Links, SiteMap
General Information geology, Exploration Tools, Publications
Map Gallery

including.. Crystallography Tutorials
also see.. §CHEMISTRY§, Mineralogy, §NANOSCIENCE§, Software

ALB Crystallography:   Links
American Crystallographic Association   Education Links, events, jobs, Links, Software Links
Biochemical / Biotechnology / Chemistry Software: Main Metabolic Pathways on Internet, Pieter van Santen
British Crystallographic Assocation (BCA) Crystals are fun!, events, Links, Software and Courses links

BR's Macromolecular Crystallography Web SiteUse It! (Bernhard Rupp):   Crystallography 101, Applets

Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC), Search
Cambridge Structural Database (CSD)
free Downloads
    º CSDSymmetry the most complete collation of observed molecular & crystallographic symmetry properties
    º enClFer CIF (Crystallographic Information File) checking, editing and visualisation software
    º Mercury VisualizerUse It! Crystal Structure Visualisation & Exploration
    º RPluto Graphical Display of Molecular & Crystal Structures

Cryo-Notes Hakon Hope
Crystal Growing for Students book, FAQ, Links

Crystallography 101Use It! Introductory Course by Bernhard Rupp &..
• from his Macromolecular Crystallography Web Server, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Open Database, Search

CSIC, Dept Crystallography: Crystallography
Scattering and diffraction
The structure of crystals

Difference Patterson Tutorial:   Charles Brenner, PhD, Thomas Jefferson U
European Crystallographic Association (ECA News) Links

FITYK free from Marcin Wojdyr
Download & Manual
• nonlinear curve fitting & data analysis software, independent crystallographic module to analyze powder diffraction patterns

Growing Crystals Guide, Paul D. Boyle, North Carolina State U
Hampton Research: Crystal Gallery, Links

Indiana U Molecular Structure Center, Crystallographic Links
• databases, mineralogy, molec. structures, morphology, Search

International Union of Crystallography:
Crystallography Online,   Databases, Education/Tutorials, Journls Online, Information File, Diffraction
Introduction, Geometry, Intensity
Electron Diffraction, X-ray Diffraction

Molecular Graphics with POVRay and Swiss PDB Viewer: ray-traced images from PDB files

Macromolecular Crystallography Group at SSRL
Mosflm and Scala: A Quick Tutorial Crystallography atomic-structure display, crystal morphology & crystallographic conversion, vibrational analysis

SInCris Crystallographic Software Database ( ABC, DEF, G-K, L-O, PQR, S-Z )
from the Laboratoire de Mineralogie-Cristallographie Paris & International Union of Crystallography
Papers on software in Journal of Applied Crystallography

Purdue u Dept Chemistry: Visualization and Problem Solving for General Chemistry
Crystal Structure Library
Solve/Resolve Software Download: Los Alamos National Labs
Swiss-PdbViewer Software, model fitting tutorial

T.Strutz, Crystallography Links

U Arizona, Dept Geosciences, Links
American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Search ( Tips )
Crystal Movies animated gifs
Downs' Group software, Mineralogy & Crystallography Mineralogy DatabaseUse It!   Images, Minerals by Chemical Composition (Periodic Table)

    º Category:Crystallography
    º Category:Diffraction
    º Category:Materials science
    º Category:Mineralogy
    º Category:Optical mineralogy
    º List of important publications in geology
    º List of minerals (complete)
    º Portal:Xray Crystallography
Atomic packing factor
• Cells
    º Supercell (crystal)
    º Unit cell
Close-packing of spheres
Crystal chemistry
Crystal engineering
Crystal growth
    º Laser-heated pedestal growth
    º Protocrystalline
Crystallographic database
Crystallographic defect
Crystallographic restriction theorem
    º Direct methods (crystallography)
Crystal optics
Crystal structure (Crystal lattice)
    º Bravais lattice
    º Crystal structure prediction
    º Crystal twinning
    º Diamond cubic
    º Preferential alignment
    º Reciprocal lattice
Crystal system (Crystal family or Lattice system)
    º Crystal cluster
    º Cubic crystal system
    º Hexagonal crystal system
    º Monoclinic crystal system
    º Orthorhombic crystal system
    º Tetragonal crystal system
    º Triclinic crystal system
    º Trigonal crystal system (Rhombohedral lattice system)
• Diffraction
    º Dynamical theory of diffraction
    º Reflection high energy electron diffraction
Grain boundary
Interference (wave propagation)
Interference colour chart
Isomorphism (crystallography)
Liquid crystal
Melt inclusions
• Microscopy
    º Electron crystallography
Optical mineralogy
Optic axis of a crystal
Refractive index
Screw axis
    º Amorphous silicon
    º Crystalline silicon
    º Metal-induced crystallization
Solid-state physics
Space group
Sphere packing
Stereographic projection
Streak (mineralogy)
Structure factor
• Symmetry
    º Transverse isotropy
    º Wallpaper group
Time resolved crystallography
Uniaxial crystals
X-ray crystallography
    º Phase problem

Whole Class Inquiry in the Science Classroom
Crystallographic Information Files (CIFs) compatible with Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) free Downloads"> Mercury crystal structure visualization

WWW Virtual Library Crystallography
XRayView Online virtual X-Ray crystallography laboratory, software download
YSU Structure Center (download pdf) X-Ray Structure Solution Guide: A Beginner's Introduction

GIS Laboratory Digital Basemap and Imagery Data: Cal Tech U
Illinois Natural Resources Geospatial Data Clearinghouse
National Atlas of the United States visualize/understand environments, places & people relationships
Northwest GeoData Clearinghouse: Portland State U
The World Data Center System @ National Geophysical Data Center acquisition, storage, distribution
National Geoscience Data Repository at the American Geological Institute
also see.. §Extremophiles§

U Colorado, Mineral Structure and Property Data by Joseph Smyth
Dolomite Group, Dolomite

also see... §ARCHITECTURE§, Plate Techtonics, Software, §Tsunami NEWS§ Volcanos

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake & Donation resources from
Albuquerque Seismological Laboratory Home Page United States Geological Survey

Binghamton U, Dept Geological Sciences and Environmental Studies, Alan L. Jones
• Seismic/Eruption and Seismic Waves Software

Council of the National Seismic System
Earthquake Annex
New FEMA Study Estimates U.S. Losses From Earthquakes At $4.4 Billion Per Year
Reducing Earthquake Losses in the Central and Eastern U.S.: USGS
Surfing the Internet for Earthquake Data
A Seismic Anomaly in the Rio Grande Rift Near Socorro, New Mexico
USGS Earthquake Hazards Program-Northern California - Basic Educational Information, Links, Recent and Significant Past Earthquakes
USGS-National Seismic Hazard Mapping Project


    º Category:Paleomagnetism
Apparent polar wander
Axial precession
Axial tilt
Brunhes-Matuyama reversal
Earth's magnetic field
Geographic pole
Geomagnetic reversal
History of geomagnetism
History of geophysics
Milankovitch cycles
Poles of astronomical bodies
    º Axial precession

ABC's of Plate Tectonics Donald L. Blanchard's Science Web Site
Bristol U Earth Sciences
Lectures Notes: Global Change Project: U Michigan
Online Geology 4182
Sam's Page/GeoScience: K-12

Earth and Environmental Science (Earthquake Page) United States Geological Survey

Minerals Management Service kid's page, library, Links: U.S.
•New Mexico
    º Biological Resources
    º Earthquakes
    º Minerals
    º Water Resources

United States Geological Survey Home Page (USGS)

dmoz Open Directory | Google | Wikipedia | Yahoo

Alberta Geological Survey, Links, Publications, SiteMap
CANMET Information Centre (CIC) Canada mining, minerals, metals & energy technology Free Online Earth Science Magazine, LinksUse It!

Desert USA Southwest animals, cultures, geology, plants
Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms: USGS-Alaska Interagency Minerals
Earth and Environmental Science: USGS
Earth/Geoscience Information on the WWW Illinois State Geological Survey - LinksUse It!
NewsUse It! - Archive
• ($) Books, Journals

Engineering Links: Geology (
GeoIndex search engine: environmental, geology, geotechnical, hydrogeology, mining, petroleum
Geological Survey of Canada ( English ) - LinksUse It!, SiteMap

Geomorphology ResourcesSee it! Hydrology, etc, Geomorphology Lab at Miami U (Geoscience Gateways) About, Forums, Links ( Index, General Resources ), Search
• for Geoscientists in the Energy Industry
Employment (jobs)
Geologic Toolkit Calulators, Converions Tables & Tools
    º Depth Conversions: Time - Depth, True Vertical ( Depth, Thickness )
    º Log Calculations: Porosity, Resisitivity, RMF / SSP, Shale Volume, Temperature, Water Saturation
    º Reserve Calculations: BCFG / MMBO Equivalence, Geologic Chance Factor,
    º Reserve Calculations: Hydrocarbons In Place, Volumetrics

Illinois State Geological Survey data, education, Links, pubs, Search
La Geologia su Internet Software, Links, etc, (Italian)

Mathtools.netUse It! computer programming Links for math & science

Minerals by NameUse It! Index by Class or Groupings, Images, Search, specimens

Online Geology 4182
On-Line Resources for Earth Scientists Bill Thoen and Ted Smith

PSIgate Physical Science Information Gateway
Earth Sciences Gateway

PSU Geology Department: Portland State U
Purdue Geophysics Home Page

Schlumberger Oilfield GlossaryUse It! drilling, chemicals, geology, minerals, muds, techniques...

Structural Geology on the Web Steven H. Schimmrich
Structural Geology & Metamorphic Petrology Canadian Tectonics Group
UNB Geology Grads WWW Geology Resources Earth Sciences, U New Brunswick
Websurfers Biweekly Earth Science Review
WWW Virtual Library: Earth Science
WWW Virtual Library: Earth Science: Geophysics
Yahoo Search: Science: EarthSciences: Geology&Geophysics
Yahoo Search: Science: EarthSciences: Geology&Geophysics: Indices

also see.. §Dendrochronology§, §PALEONTOLGY§, §RadioCarbon Dating§

British Geological Survey (BGS): BGS Geological Timechart
Chart geospatial data
• Search by timescale, or by location

Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information Geological Time Systems - a UML model and XML encoding
Geologic Time Scale Show Segments

Geological Society of America: GSA Geologic Time Scale (gif)
1999 Geologic Time Scale (pdf) larger scale printable

Geological Time Scale, Andrew MacRae:   Dept Geology & Geophysics, U Calgary

Geologic Time ScaleUse It!   Dept of Geology & Geophysics, U Alaska, Fairbanks

International Commission on Stratigraphy: GeoWhen Database sorting out the geologic timescale
• Geologic Timeline: ( No Stages ), ( With Stages )
Global Boundary Stratotype Sections and Points (GSSP's)
Regional Information different regional stratigraphic naming systems
Time Scale Chart (pdf)
TimeScale Creator (Java software) create charts of any portion of the geologic time scale; choice of bio-, magneto-, chemo- or other Earth History events

Kentucky Geological Survey at U Kentucky
Earth Science Classroom Activities: It's About Time
    º The Geologic Time Scale (pdf)
    º Hallway Time
    º Important Dates and Cool Creatures in Earth History Short, Long
    º Toilet Paper Geologic Time Scale

Life Through Geologic Time:
Earth History Resources, Glenn T. Seaborg Center for teaching & learning science & math, N. Michigan U

Linda Hall Library: Online Exhibitions
Vulcan's Forge and Fingal's Cave Volcanoes, Basalt, and the Discovery of Geological Time

Miami U: Tropical Ecosystems: Coral Reefs, Rainforests & A Potpourri of Weather, Earth Science & Other Good Things
Geologic Time Scale Analogy

Museum of Paleontology, U California, Berkeley - Introductions to...
Hadean 3.8 to 4.5 billion years
Archaean 2.5 to 3.8 billion years
Proterozoic Era 544 million to 2.5 billion years
Paleozoic Era 245 to 544 million years
Mesozoic Era 65 to 245 million years
the Cenozoic 65 Million Years to the Present

Paleontology Portal: Exploring Time & Space
New Mexico

Palaeos: The Trace of Life on Earth
Geological Time & Detailed Geologic Time Scale Fundamentals eBookUse It!
Chapter10: Introduction to the Lithosphere
    º Geologic Time

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History: Geologic TimeUse It!

Stratigraphy and Sedimentology on the Colorado Plateau by Dr. Ron Blakey, Northern Arizona U
Historical Geology
    º Paleogeography of the Southwestern USUse It!
Evolutionary and Geological Timelines by Niel Brandt

U California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology
Tour of geologic time
UCMP Web Time Machine

U Wyoming, Science and Mathematics Teaching Center
Coal Over Geologic TimeUse It!

U.S. Geological Survey
Geologic TimeUse It! online edition: Contents
Paleontology at the U.S. Geological Survey, Glossary of Terms

U.S. Geological Survey, USGS and Science Education: Primary & Secondary

Wikipedia (People)
Boltwood, Bertram (1870-1927) rocks 0.4-2.2 billion yrs, 1st successful radiometric dating; uranium-lead decay, 1907
Cuvier, Georges (1769-1832)
Darwin, Charles (1809-1882)
Darwin, George (1845-1912) calculated 56 million years for tidal friction to give Earth a 24 hr day
de Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte (1707-1788)
Hutton, James (1726-1797) father of modern geology; theories of geologic time
Joly, John (1857-1933) calculated 80-100 million years for oceans to accumulate salt from erosion
Lyell, Charles (1797-1875)
Patterson, Clair Cameron (1922-1995)
Rutherford, Ernest (1871-1937) rock dated 40 million years
William Smith (geologist) (1769-1839)
Steno, Nicholas (1638-1686) theoretical basis for stratigraphy
Thomson, William, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824-1907) calculated 20-400 million years for molten Earth to cool

    º Category:Dating methods
    º Category:Geochronology
    º Category:Geologic time scale
    º Category:Geological units
    º Category:History of paleontology
    º Category:Lithostratigraphy
    º Category:Paleontology
    º Category:Radiometric dating
    º Category:Stratigraphy
    º List of geological groups of Great Britain
    º Timeline of paleontology
Abiogenesis origin of life
Age of the Earth
Age of the universe
Dating methodology (archaeology)
    º Absolute dating
    º Relative dating
Earth science
Epoch (reference date)
Geologic time scale
Golden Age
History of Earth
History of paleontology
Law of superposition
Lead-lead dating
Principle of lateral continuity
Principle of original horizontality
Radiocarbon dating
Radiometric dating
Reverse chronology (literary technique employing flashback)
Six Ages of the World
    º Biostratigraphy
    º Chronostratigraphy
    º Lithostratigraphy
    º Magnetostratigraphy
    º Stratification (archeology)
Thermoluminescence dating


American Geophysical Union (AGU) - Search, SiteMap
    º Geophysical Research Letters (GRL)
    º Journal of Geophysical Research (Solid Earth) (JGR)
    º Reviews of Geophysics
    º Tectonics

European Geophysical Society (EGS)
Annales Geophysicae - Online Articles
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences - Online Library
Geophysical Research Abstracts
Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics - Online Articles

Geophysical journal International (GJI) ($) - Search
• European based solid earth geophysics journal ( by Blackwell Publishing, Science )

Geophysics at the Geological Survey of Norway The DRAGON Project - Links
U Minnesota - Prof. David A. Yuen's Group
also see.. §Civil Engineering§, §ENGINEERING§

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Publications ($)
Geotechnical Titles

GeoIndex search engine: environmental, geology, geotechnical, hydrogeology, mining, petroleum

Geoengineer, Forums, Links, Search
Earthquake Engineering
• Geoengineering: Gallery, History
• Links: Journals, Online free books and papers
• Software: Program for Shallow Foundation Design
Virtual Geoengineer, About, Links, Search, SiteMap
Publications ($)
Geotechnical & Geo-environmental Software Directory

Geotechnical Engineering Virtual Library (GVL)
Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering (EJGE)
iGEM Internet Geotechnical Engineering Magazine

JISCMAIL.AC.UK mail lists
Archives of ENGINEERING-GEOTECH-MTGS (meetings of teachers), Search

U.S. Dept Transportation (DOT), Federal Highway Admistration
Geotechnical Engineering



Global land environments during the last 130,000 years
quick background to the last ice age

National Public Radio
Life on Earth May Have Begun in Between Rocks (between mica sheets) Helen Hasma
LIMESTONE, Limestone


Earth Impact Database
North America

Impact crater
Impact event

also see... Crystallography, §Jewelry§, §Paints & Pigments§ Petrography, Ores

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Search

Artwork Inform - Gemstones

Athena Minerology database, formulae, Links, ReadMe HowTo, Search
• from the Department of Mineralogy at UNIGE
Mineral Lists

Bernardine Fine Art Jewelry - History, Lore and Myths of Gemstones, some fossils, too

Bucknell U, Margaret E. Kastner, Professor of Chemistry
Crystallographic CourseWare
Overview of Crystallography (quicktime video)
Clausthal online mineral collection
Photograph Index", with icons International Colored Gemstone Association
Gem Library

Industrial Minerals Association North AmericaUse It! SiteMap

International Union of Crystallography
Crystallography Online
Educational Resources
Online Dictionary of Crystallography
Teaching Pamphlets
    º Crystals - A Handbook for School Teachers some activites & background understanding for teaching children

Jan Dävid - Gem LogicUse It!

Jo Edkins: MineralsUse It! ( Frames ), About, Glossary, Links
Ancient Gems, Birth Stones & Anniversaries, Jewelry
Identifying stones
Minerals in fireworks
Pigments, Projects and experiments, Properties of materials
Stones in books

Mineral Collectors Page mineralogy club of Antwerp, Belgium, Links ( Collecting, Education, Shopping, Software )

The Mineral GalleryUse It! name, class, groupings; best locations, Glossary, properties: Amethyst Galleries,Inc
Minerals by name

Mineral and Gemstone KingdomUse It! Glossary, Image Gallery,   Links
Minerals A-Z- alphabetical, by chem or crystal Group, Dana class, color, elemental, streak, hardness

Mineralogical Society of AmericaUse It!
Ask-A-Mineralogist, FAQ, Links
Crystal Structure Database
Mineralogy 4 Kids
Rock and Mineral Identification

Minerals, Lynn S. Fichter, Geology & Environmental Science, James Madison U
Bowen's reaction series and the Igneous Rock Forming Minerals

Minerals of Scotland collector's guide, over 200 photos
Mineral Town Gallery, Portal, Search engine

MIT Open Courseware: Petrology
Structure and composition of: FELDSPARS (pdf)

Molecular Expressions
Birthstones Collection microscopic sections of selected gems
    º Gallery

National Museum of Natural History:   Dept Mineral Sciences,   Smithsonian Institution

Oxford U Museum of Natural History: Discover & Learn
    º Mineral Detectives from the Oxford University Museum of Natural History.

Proctor Museum of Natural Science, Minerals
Rockhounding Arkansas site for companion book; basics, Links (Bob's Rock Shop), Links, News, Online Magazine

Schlumberger Oilfield GlossaryUse It! drilling, chemicals, geology, minerals, muds, techniques...

U Arizona Geosciences
Mineral Handbook listing (pdf) documents on minerals

U Colorado, Mineral Structure and Property DataUse It! by Joseph Smyth

U.S.G.S, Mineral Resources Program: Minerals InformationUse It! - Links
International Minerals Statistics and Information

Virtual Atlas of Opaque and Ore Minerals in their Associations
• reflected light microscopy, full colour photomicrographs

Virtual Museum of Québec Minerals
Collecting & Identifying
Formation of Minerals
Gallery Mineralogy DatabaseUse It!   Images, Minerals by Chemical Composition (Periodic Table)



GeotimesUse It! earth & environmental sciences magazine from the American Geological Institute
Archives, Search by ( Date, Title, Topic )

Journal of Paleolimnology Lake Histories
Southeastern Geology Overview, Duke U
also see.. Minerals

Volcano World: Volcanic Mineral Deposits
Base Metals

also see.. Mineralogy

Hard Rock Geology: Petrography
from John Longshore, Humboldt State U Geology Dept
Minerals: as Igneous, Metamorphic & Sedimentary
Rocks as Intrusive Igneous, Extrusive (volcanic) Igneous, Sedimentary & Metamorphic plus..
    º Common Rock Textures

also see... Earthquakes, Software, Volcanos

Computers & the Geosciences an International Journal
PBS television, Savage Earth Online
US Geological Survey, Publications - This Dynamic Earth: The Story of Plate Tectonics

WebElements - links to geological data Periodic Table Links, Univ. of Sheffield

American Scientific Affiliation a Fellowship of Christians in Science
Radiometric Dating A Christian Perspective by Dr. Roger C. Wiens

U.S. Geological Survey, USGS and Science Education: Primary & Secondary
Geologic Age using radioactive decay to determine geologic age

Minerals, Lynn S. Fichter, Geology & Environmental Science, James Madison U
Bowen's reaction series and the Igneous Rock Forming Minerals
A Plate Tectonic Primer
A Plate Techtonic Rock Cycle
• Rocks: Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic
The Wilson Cycle

USGS bedform sedimentology:   Western Region Coastal and Marine Geology, Menlo Park, CA

Skarn Web Page: Washington State U

also see.. Crystallography, §SOFTWARE§, §WATER§

Binghamton U, Dept Geological Sciences and Environmental Studies
Alan L. Jones Seismic/Eruption and Seismic Waves Software

COGS - The Computer Oriented Geological Society
Computer Applications in Geology Excel Worksheets:   Geology Dept, Portland State U
Computers & the Geosciences an International Journal, Freeshare - Freeware & Shareware: Structural/Geology
Geotechnical & Geo-environmental Software Directory

GROW (Geotechnical, Rock and Water Resources Laboratory)
Rock Engineering FundamentalsUse It! Software Links

Kevin J. Smart, Structural Geology Tectonics FE Modeling, U Oklahoma, Geology & Geophysics School
Computer Software Links
Structural Geology on the Web, Links

Peter Bird, Prof. Geophysics & Geology, UCLA, Dept Earth & Space Sciences:
• ftp Library of Finite-Element Codes for Geologic Modeling ( Read-Me ) Download & Online Guide, Reference
On-line Guide to dynamic neotectonic modeling with Shells
Thin-plate and thin-shell finite element programs for forward dynamic modeling of plate deformation
   and faulting , Computers & Geosciences
, 25, no. 4, 383-394

Petrotechnical Open Software Corporation (POSC)

Software di Geologia e altro Freeware & Proprietary

Alabama | Arizona | Arkansas Geological Commission |
California Division of Mines and Geology |
Delaware |
Florida |
Idaho | Illinois State Geological Survey | Indiana | Iowa Geological Survey Bureau |
Kansas | Kentucky |
Maine | Massachusetts Ex Off Env Affairs | Maryland |
Michigan | Minnesota | Montana Bureau of Mines & Geology |
Nebraska Conservation and Survey Division | Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology |
New Jersey | New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources | North Carolina | North Dakota |
Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries |
Pennsylvania Bureau of Topographic and Geological Survey |
South Carolina | South Dakota |
Texas Bureau of Economic Geology |
Vermont |
West Virginia Geological & Economic Survey |
Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey |
Wyoming |


Kevin J. Smart, Structural Geology Tectonics FE Modeling, U Oklahoma, Geology & Geophysics School
Computer Software Links
Structural Geology on the Web, Links

Summit Guide

A Geologist's Lifetime Field ListUse It!
National Natural Landmarks Program from the U.S. National Parks Service, NatureNet

World Heritage Sites in the United States & Potential U.S. Nominations
from the U.S. National Parks Service, Links to the Past

UNESCO World Heritage List with links

Geology 101: Honolulu Community College
Geology Field Trips, John C. Butler, U Houston
GeoScience: K-12 Resources, Alberta, Canada

GROW (Geotechnical, Rock and Water Resources Laboratory)
Rock Engineering FundamentalsUse It! Software Links
Water Resources -- Buoyancy

The History of the Earth: A Basic Geology Unit: Arizona State U
Computer Applications in Geology: Portland State U, Excel Worksheets

MIT Open Courseware
Environmental Earth Science: Geologic Time, Earth Structure, Hydrosphere, Weathering & Erosion, Natural Hazards (Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Tsunamis...), Fossil Fuels
Field Geology I
Medical Geology/Geochemistry: An Exposure
Sedimentary Geology
Structural Geology
Structure of Earth Materials, SiteMap

Schlumberger Oilfield GlossaryUse It! drilling, chemicals, geology, minerals, muds, techniques...

Society for Sedimentary Geology: K-12 Earth Science Education Committee
On-line Classroom Activities

Museum of Paleontology, U California, Berkeley Learning From the Fossil Record

    º Learning From the Fossil Record
    º National Science Standards Matrix

United States Geological Survey (USGS)


also see... Earthquakes, Plate Techtonics, Software, Annenberg Media

Linda Hall Library: Online Exhibitions
Vulcan's Forge and Fingal's Cave Volcanoes, Basalt, and the Discovery of Geological Time

National Geographic, Eye in the Sky

PBS television
Mystery of the Megavolcano
Savage Earth Online

Cascades Volcano Observatory - America's Volcanic Past - National Parks and Monuments

USGS: Volcano Hazards Program (VHP)
Photo Glossary
    º Types of Igneous Rocks

USGS: Cascades Volcano Observatory
The Plus Side of Volcanoes Mineral Resources
Volcanoes long list of articles on existing volcanoes

Volcano World (K-12) U North Dakota

New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Volcanoes of New Mexico


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